Vayas: 13 definitions


Vayas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Vayas (वयस्, “age”):—Age of the persons is divided into three degrees—childhood (up to 16 years), middle age (17-70) years and old age thereafter. Kapha, Pitta and Vāta are predominant in those periods respectively. In diseased condition, children and old persons should be given medicines mild and in small doses and should never be subjected to drastic measures.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vayas (वयस्) refers to “man’s life” and is mentioned in verse 1.8 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Aruṇadatta and Indu explain vayas as “man’s life” (manuṣyāyus, puruṣāyus), while Candranandana takes it to mean any “stage of the body produced by time such as youth”. (kālakṛtā śarīrasyāvasthā yauvanādiḥ;) cf. Hemādri’s gloss śarīra-pariṇāmaḥ). The Tibetans have adopted this second interpretation, reproducing vayas with na-thsod “period of life”. Vāgbhaṭa distinguishes three such periods of life: youth, till 16; manhood, till 70; and senility, above 70 (Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā II 3.105).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vayas (वयस्):—Age, any time or period of life

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vayas (वयस्) refers to “one’s age”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.31 (“Description of Śiva’s magic”).—Accordingly, as Śiva (in disguise of a Brahmin) said to the Lord of Mountains: “I have come to know that you desire to give your daughter to Śiva, [...] To Śiva—who has no support, [...] whose name and pedigree are unknown, whose conduct is bad, who has no sport, whose body is smeared with ashes, who is furious, who lacks in discrimination, whose age is not known (ajñāta-vayas),  [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vayas (वयस्).—n. [aj-asun vībhāvaḥ]

1) Age, any time or period of life; गुणाः पूजास्थानं गुणिषु न च लिङ्गं न च वयः (guṇāḥ pūjāsthānaṃ guṇiṣu na ca liṅgaṃ na ca vayaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4.11; नवं वयः (navaṃ vayaḥ) R.2.47; पश्चिमे वयसि (paścime vayasi) 19.1; न खलु वयस्तेजसो हेतुः (na khalu vayastejaso hetuḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.38; तेजसां हि न वयः समीक्ष्यते (tejasāṃ hi na vayaḥ samīkṣyate) R.11.1.; Kumārasambhava 5.16; Bhāgavata 1.26.4.

2) Youth, the prime of life; वयसि गते कः कामविकारः (vayasi gate kaḥ kāmavikāraḥ) Charpaṭa. S.1; Bhāgavata 8.15.17; वयोगते किं वनिताविलासः (vayogate kiṃ vanitāvilāsaḥ) Subhāṣ.; so अतिक्रान्तवयाः (atikrāntavayāḥ).

3) A bird in general; स्मरणीयाः समये वयं वयः (smaraṇīyāḥ samaye vayaṃ vayaḥ) N.2.62; मृगवयोगवयोप- चितं वनम् (mṛgavayogavayopa- citaṃ vanam) R.9.53;2.9; Śiśupālavadha 3.55;11.47.

4) A crow; वयांसि किं न कुर्वन्ति चञ्च्वा खोदरपूरणम् (vayāṃsi kiṃ na kurvanti cañcvā khodarapūraṇam) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.23 (here it may mean 'a bird' also.).

5) Ved. Sacrificial food or oblation.

6) Energy, strength.

7) Health, soundness of constitution.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vayas (वयस्).—n.

(-yaḥ) 1. A bird. 2. Age, time of life. 3. Youth. E. vay to go, asun aff.; or as substituted for aj to go, with the same aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vayas (वयस्).—n. 1. Youth, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 11. 2. Age, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 42; time of life, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 221. 3. A bird, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 28.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vayas (वयस्).—1. [neuter] fowl (coll.), bird, [especially] small bird.

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Vayas (वयस्).—2. [neuter] food, meal, strength, health, youth; age i.[grammar]

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Vayas (वयस्).—3. [neuter] weft.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vayas (वयस्):—[from vaya] 1. vayas n. a web (?), [Ṛg-veda ii, 31, 5.]

2) 2. vayas n. (cf. 2. vi) a bird, any winged animal, the winged tribe ([especially] applied to smaller birds), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) 3. vayas n. (√) enjoyment, food, meal, oblation, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] (cf. vīti)

4) energy (both bodily and mental), strength, health, vigour, power, might, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] (often with bṛhat; with √dhā and [dative case] or [locative case] of [person] ‘to bestow vigour or might on’)

5) vigorous age, youth, prime of life, any period of life, age, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (sarvāṇi vayāṃsi, animals of any age; vayasānvita or vayasātīta, aged, old)

6) degree, kind (in vayāṃsi pra-brūhi), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vayas (वयस्):—(yaḥ) 5. n. A bird; age; youth.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vayas (वयस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vayas in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vayas in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a crow..—vayas (वायस) is alternatively transliterated as Vāyasa.

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