Vajrankusha, Vajrāṅkuśa, Vajrāṅkuśā, Vajrāṃkuśa, Vajrāṃkuśā, Vajramkusha: 4 definitions


Vajrankusha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vajrāṅkuśa and Vajrāṅkuśā and Vajrāṃkuśa and Vajrāṃkuśā can be transliterated into English as Vajrankusa or Vajrankusha or Vajramkusa or Vajramkusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti

Vajrāṅkuśa (वज्राङ्कुश) is one of the four door guardians appearing in the Vajradhātu-mahāmaṇḍala, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī v5.37. The Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī (literally, ‘an explanation of the nāma-mantras’) is a commentary (ṭīkā) on the 8th century Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti.

Vajrāṅkuśa is a name of Mañjuśrī (the embodiement of non-dual knowledge) and, together with other names, forms the core essence of the Mañjuśrīnāmasaṃgīti. The Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī provides the practitioner a sādhana (‘meditative practice’) to turn these names into mantras. These mantras are chanted for the benefit of all beings, and then placed and contemplated in the Vajradhātu-mahāmaṇḍala, which is an extended version of the Vajradhātu-maṇḍala.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrankusha in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

Vajrāṅkuśā (वज्राङ्कुशा) refers to one of the sixteen Vidyādevīs (goddesses of learning), commonly depicted as in Jaina iconography.—Vajrāṃkuśā, too, has two forms according to Śvetāmbara texts. In one, she rides an elephant and bears as symbols a sword, vajra, shield and spear. In another, she is riding an elephant in Varada-mudrā, Vajra, citrus and goad. The Digambaras represent the deity as driving in an aerial car and holding in her hands a goad and a lute. The Vidyādevī of the present description bears the same name as the Śvetāmbara Yakṣiṇī of Anantanātha. Some symbols of the Śvetāmbara form and others of the Digambara form, such as sword, spear and goad come to be equal to those of the Yakṣiṇī. The symbol of an elephant, the name Vajrāṃkuśā meaning “one adorned with vajra and goad” leads us to suppose some mysterious connection between this Vidyādevī and Indra. Her Iute, as given by the Digambaras, is only a symbol of Sarasvatī.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vajrankusha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vajrāṅkuśa (वज्राङ्कुश).—m., name of a mountain: Kāraṇḍavvūha 72.1, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vajrāṅkuśa (वज्राङ्कुश):—[from vajra > vaj] m. Name of a mountain, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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