Upasthita, Upāsthita: 7 definitions

Introduction

Upasthita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Upasthita (उपस्थित).—A word used father technically in the sense of the word इति (iti) which is used in the Krama and other recitals when Vedic reciters show separately the two words compounded together by uttering the compound word first, then the word इति (iti) and then the two compound words, e.g. सुश्लोक ३ इति सु-श्लोक। विभावसो इति विभा-वसो (suśloka 3 iti su-śloka| vibhāvaso iti vibhā-vaso). The Kāśikā defines the word उपस्थित (upasthita) as समुदायादवच्छिद्य पदं येन स्वरूपे अवस्थाप्यते तद् उपस्थितम् । इतिशब्दः । (samudāyādavacchidya padaṃ yena svarūpe avasthāpyate tad upasthitam | itiśabdaḥ |) Kāś.on VI.1.129. The Ṛk-Prātiśākhya explains the word rather differently, but in the same context.The word after which इति (iti) is placed is called upasthita e.g. the word बाहू (bāhū) in बाहू इति (bāhū iti) or विभावसौ (vibhāvasau) in विभावसो इति (vibhāvaso iti) as contrasted with स्थित (sthita) i.e. the word without इति (iti) e.g. बाहू (bāhū) or विभावसो (vibhāvaso), as also contrasted with स्थितोपस्थित (sthitopasthita) i.e. the whole word विभावसो इति विभा (vibhāvaso iti vibhā)sवसो (vaso) which is also called संहित (saṃhita) or मिलित (milita); (2) occurring, present; cf कार्यकालं संज्ञापरिभाषम् (kāryakālaṃ saṃjñāparibhāṣam) . यत्र कार्यं तत्रोपस्थितं द्रष्टव्यम् । (yatra kāryaṃ tatropasthitaṃ draṣṭavyam |) Par.Śek. Pari.3.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upasthita in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upasthita (उपस्थित).—p (S) Approached, arrived, arisen, sprung up, taken place--an event, a business or matter. 2 Known, extant, cultivated, not fallen into oblivion or desuetude--a science, a rite.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upasthita (उपस्थित).—p Approached, arisen-an event, a business or matter. Known, extant- a science, a rite.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upasthita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upasthita (उपस्थित).—p. p.

1) Approached, arrived, come (person or thing); तस्मिन्नन्तरे भर्तोपस्थितः (tasminnantare bhartopasthitaḥ) M.1; °श्रेयोऽवमानिनम् (śreyo'vamāninam) Ś.6; K.157; Ms.3.243; Y.2.62; उपस्थिता शोणितपारणा मे (upasthitā śoṇitapāraṇā me) R. चिन्तित° (cintita°) Ku.6.24 come as soon as thought of.

2) Close or near, at hand, impending, drawing near; उपस्थिता रजनी (upasthitā rajanī) Ś.3 the night is at hand (arrived); °संप्रहारः (saṃprahāraḥ) V.1; °उदयम् (udayam) R.3.1 approaching its fulfilment; Māl.1; Ratn.1; R.14.39; ready for; उपस्थितमसंहार्यै- र्हयैः स्यन्दनमायिभिः (upasthitamasaṃhāryai- rhayaiḥ syandanamāyibhiḥ) Rām.5.6.5.

3) Worshipped or waited upon, served.

4) Got, obtained, received; अयाचित° (ayācita°) Ku.5.22 got without solicitation; अचिन्तित° (acintita°) Pt.2.

5) Taken place, happened, occurred, fallen to the lot; वृक्षस्य वैद्युत इवाग्निरुपस्थितोऽयम् (vṛkṣasya vaidyuta ivāgnirupasthito'yam) V.5.16.

6) Caused, occasioned, produced, felt.

7) Known.

8) Cleansed, clean.

9) Followed by the particle इति (iti) in the Pada text.

-taḥ A door-keeper.

-tam 1 The particle used in this manner.

2) The position of words before and after इति (iti) so used

3) Service, worship.

4) A particular pose (āsana); उपस्थितकृतौ तौ च नासिकाग्रमधो भ्रुवोः (upasthitakṛtau tau ca nāsikāgramadho bhruvoḥ) Mb.12. 2.18.

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Upāsthita (उपास्थित).—a.

1) Mounting, standing.

2) Devoted to oneself.

3) Satisfying; Mb.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upasthita (उपस्थित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Approached, arrived. 2. Staying by or near to. 3. Caused, occasioned. 4. Got, received. 5. Felt. 6. Clean, cleansed. 7. Done, accomplished. 8. Known. E. upa before sthā to stay, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upasthita (उपस्थित).—[adjective] approached, arrived at, got to ([accusative] or [locative]); fallen to one’s ([genetive]) lot or share, happened, appeared, present, impending, ready; visited, waited upon, attacked by, furnished with ([instrumental]).

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Upāsthita (उपास्थित).—[adjective] standing on ([locative]), intent upon ([accusative]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upasthita (उपस्थित):—[=upa-sthita] [from upa-sthā] mfn. come near, approached, arisen, arrived, appeared, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] present, near at hand, ready for, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kumāra-sambhava] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] near, impending, [Manu-smṛti iii, 187; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] fallen to one’s share, received, gained, obtained, [Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] accomplished, happened

6) [v.s. ...] lying or being upon, [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] turned towards, [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] approached, come near to, visited, [Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] caused, occasioned

10) [v.s. ...] felt

11) [v.s. ...] known

12) [v.s. ...] clean, cleansed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] (in the Prātiśākhyas) followed by iti (as a word in the Pada-pāṭha), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya; Pāṇini]

14) [v.s. ...] m. a door keeper, porter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] fn. Name of several metres

16) [v.s. ...] n. ([scilicet] pada) a word followed by iti (in the Pada-pāṭha; cf. sthita and sthitopasthita), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-prātiśākhya]

17) Upāsthita (उपास्थित):—[=upā-sthita] [from upā-sthā] mfn. one who has mounted, standing or being (in a carriage), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa v]

18) [v.s. ...] one who has devoted himself to, [Rāmāyaṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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