Tirya, Tiryā: 8 definitions


Tirya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Tiryā (तिर्या).—A daughter of Krodhā, the wife of Pulaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 172.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Tirya (तिर्य) occurs in the Atharvaveda as an epithet of Karambha, ‘gruel’. It is probably equivalent to tilya, ‘made of sesamum’, as rendered by Roth and Whitney, but tiriya is read by Roth in the Rāja-nighaṇṭu as a kind of rice.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Tirya (तिर्य) refers to a “beast”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] The maṇḍala should be visualized completely, as [it is] by itself a means for perfect enlightenment. Again, he should emanate the one who has the appearance of the Causal Vajra[-holder]. The goddess, [who is] effective in all rituals and beast-faced (tirya-mukha), is brought near. Having drawn together the multitude of furious ones beforehand, he should remove obstacle demons. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Ṭiṛyā (टिऋया).—a Dwarfish and feeble, pigmy, puny;--esp. used of beasts.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tirya (तिर्य).—adj. and subst. (= Sanskrit tiryañc, tiryak, § 15.3, compare Pali tiriyaṃ, adv., and AMg. tiri, tiriya, adj. and subst. animal; spelling tiriya not recorded in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] but metrically demanded in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 107.27, 28), (1) adj. oblique, transverse: ākāśagamanaṃ cāpi tiryaṃ cāpi nabhastale (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 148.20 (verse; perhaps adv., or adj. with -gamanam understood); (2) subst., animal (sub-human): tiryāṇa (gen. pl.; separate word) yonīṣu ca so sadā ramī Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 97.2 (verse); tiryāṇa yonīṣu 358.13 (verse); tiryā, n. pl., Lalitavistara 336.3 (verse); meter seems to demand tiriya, contrary to text, in tiryebhyo dadau vratī (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 107.27 and °bhyo tu dattvā vai 28 (verses). Also for the Sanskrit cpds. tiryag-gata and °gati, tirya- occurs m.c., Samādhirājasūtra 19.17; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 48.1; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 27.10 (text here tīr°); 32.8. The stem tirya has been recorded only in verses. [Page254-a+ 71] The AMg. form tiri, with ‘saṃprasāraṇa’, suggests the origin of the penultimate i of tiriccha, °cchāna.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tirya (तिर्य):—[from tiraḥ] 1. tirya for yag in [compound]

2) 2. tirya mfn. for tilya? prepared from sesamum seeds (? tila), [Atharva-veda iv, 7, 3]

3) cf. tiriya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tirya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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