Tarakshu, Tarakṣu: 8 definitions


Tarakshu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Tarakṣu can be transliterated into English as Taraksu or Tarakshu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “hyena”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Tarakṣu is part of the sub-group named prasaha, refering to animals “who take their food by snatching”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु)—Sanskrit word for the animal “hyena”. This animal is from the group called Guhāśaya (‘which have a lair’, or, ‘cave-dwelling mammals’). Guhāśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु) refers to the animal “Hyena” (Hyaena hyaena).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Tarakṣu] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु).—

1) A hyena; तरक्षुस्तु मृगादनः (tarakṣustu mṛgādanaḥ)......तरक्षुकुलसेवितान् (tarakṣukulasevitān) Śiva. B.2.44.

2) A tiger; Mb.13.131.1. (See com. of Nīlakaṇṭha.)

Derivable forms: tarakṣuḥ (तरक्षुः).

See also (synonyms): tarakṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु).—m.

(-kṣuḥ) A hyena. E. tara a road, and kṣi to anoy, affix ḍu infesting the road; also with kan added tarakṣuka m.

(-kaḥ) or with ḍa affix tarakṣa m.

(-kṣaḥ) but not common. taraṃ gatiṃ mārgaṃ vā kṣiṇoti .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु).—m. A hyena, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 94, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tarakṣu (तरक्षु):—[from tarakṣa] m. a hyena, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xxiv, 40; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā iii, 14, 21; Gopatha-brāhmaṇa i, 2, 8; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa 9373; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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