Prasaha, Prasāha, Prāsahā: 7 definitions


Prasaha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Prasaha (प्रसह) is the Sanskrit name for a group of animals referring to “animals and birds who take their food by snatching”, the meat of which is used as a medicinal substance. Prasaha is a sub-group of Māṃsavarga (“group of meat”). It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. They were originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII.

The Prasaha group contains the following animals:

  1. Go (cow),
  2. Khara (ass),
  3. Aśvatara (mule),
  4. Uṣṭra (camel),
  5. Dvīpin (panther),
  6. Siṃha (lion),
  7. Ṛkṣa (bear),
  8. Vānara (monkey),
  9. Vṛka (wolf),
  10. Vyāghra (tiger),
  11. Tarakṣu (hyena),
  12. Babhru (large brow mongoose),
  13. Mārjāra (cat),
  14. Mūṣika (mouse),
  15. Lopāka (fox),
  16. Jambuka (jackal),
  17. Śyena (hawk),
  18. Vāntāda (dog),
  19. Cāṣa (blue jay),
  20. Vāyasau (crow),
  21. Śaśaghnī (golden eagle),
  22. Madhuhā (honey bazzard),
  23. Bhāsa (beared vulture),
  24. Gṛdhra (vulture),
  25. Ulūka (owl),
  26. Kuliṅgaka (sparrow hawk),
  27. Dhūmikā (owlet),
  28. Kurara (fish eagle).

Prasaha meat is heavy, hot and sweet in character. It promotes strength and development and acts as an aphrodisiac. It alleviates vāta but aggravata kapha and pitta. It is useful for the persons taking regular physical exercise and having strong digestive power. The meat of Prasaha animals and birds who are carnivorous is useful for those suffering from chronic piles, grahaṇī-doṣa and phthisis.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Birds such as, the

  • Kāka,
  • Kanka,
  • Kurura,
  • Chāsa,
  • Bhāsa,
  • Shashaghāti,
  • Uluka,
  • Chilli,
  • Shyena,
  • Gridhra, etc.

belong to the family of Prasahas (Carnivorous birds that suddenly dart on their prey).

Metrical Text The flesh of birds belonging to this group is identical in its virtues, potency, taste and digestive transformation with those of the aforesaid carnivorous mammals, such as the lion, etc., and is specially beneficial in cases of consumption and kindred wasting diseases.

The Prasaha is a sub-group of the Jāṅghala group (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of prasaha in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prasaha (प्रसह).—a. Withstanding, enduring, bearing up.

-haḥ 1 A beast or bird of prey.

2) Resistance, endurance, opposition.

--- OR ---

Prasāha (प्रसाह).—Overpowering, defeating.

Derivable forms: prasāhaḥ (प्रसाहः).

--- OR ---

Prāsahā (प्रासहा).—f. Name of Indra's wife; इन्द्रस्य प्रिया जाया वावाता प्रासहा नाम (indrasya priyā jāyā vāvātā prāsahā nāma) Ait. Br.3.22.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasaha (प्रसह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. A beast or bird of prey. 2. Resistance, endurance. f.

(-hā) Adj. Withstanding, bearing up. E. pra before, sah to be able, aff. ac .

--- OR ---

Prasāha (प्रसाह).—m.

(-haḥ) Overpowering, defeating.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasaha (प्रसह).—[adjective] & [masculine] bearing, resisting (—°).

--- OR ---

Prāsaha (प्रासह).—[adjective] powerful, victorious; [feminine] force, victory.

--- OR ---

Prāsaha (प्रासह).—[masculine] power, force.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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