Siddhantakaumudi, Siddhāntakaumudī, Siddhanta-kaumudi: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Siddhantakaumudi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Siddhantakaumudi in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी).—A critical and scholarly commentary on the Sutras of Panini, in which the several Sutras are arranged topic wise and fully explained with examples and counter examples. The work is exhaustive, yet not voluminous, difficult yet popular, and critical yet lucid. The Siddhāntakaumudī is next in importance to the Mahabhasya in the system of Panini, and its study prepares the way for understanding the Mahabhasya. It is prescribed for study in the courses of Vyakarana at every academy and Pathasala and is expected to be committed to memory by students who want to be thorough scholars of Vyakarana. By virtue of its methodical treatment it has thrown into the back-ground all kindred works and glosses or Vrttis on the Sutras of Panini.

The Siddhāntakaumudī is arranged into two halves, the first half dealing with seven topics,

  1. saṃjñāparibhāṣā,
  2. pañtvasaṃdhi,
  3. ṣaḍliṅga,
  4. strīpratyaya,
  5. kāraka,
  6. samāsa,
  7. taddhita.

and the latter half dealing with five topics,

  1. daśagaṇī,
  2. dvādaśa-prākriyā,
  3. kṛdanta,
  4. vaidikī,
  5. svara.

The author Bhaṭṭojīdīkṣita has himself written a scholarly gloss on it called prauḍhamanoramā on which, his grandson, Hari Diksita has written a learned commentary named laghuśabdaratna or simple śabdaratna. The Siddhāntakaumudi has got a large number of commentaries on it out of which, the commentaries prauḍhamanoramā, bālamanoramā (by vāsudeva-dīkṣita), tattvabodhinī and laghuśabdenduśekhara are read by almost every true scholar of Vyakarana.

Besides these four, there are a dozen or more commentaries some of which can be given below with their names and authors:

  1. Sube-dhinī by Jayakṛṣṇamauni,
  2. Subodhinī by Rāmakṛṣṇabhaṭṭa,
  3. Vṛhṛcchabdenduśekhara by Nāgeśa,
  4. Bālamaneramā by Anantapaṇḍita,
  5. Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntarahṛsya by Nīlakaṇṭha,
  6. Ratnārṇava by Kṛṣṇamiśra,
  7. Vaiyākaraṇasiddhānta-ratnākara by Rāmakṛṣṇa,
  8. Saralā by Tārā-nātha,
  9. Sumanoramā by Tirumalla,
  10. Sidvānta-kaumudīvyākhyā by Lakṣmīnṛsiṃha,
  11. Siddhānta-kaumudīvyākhyā by Viśveśvaratīrtha,
  12. Ratnākara by Śivarāmendrasarasvatī,
  13. Prakāśa by Tolāpadīkṣita.

Although the real name of the work is Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntatakaumudī, as given by the author, still popularly the work is well known by the name Siddhāntakaumudī. The work has got two abridged forms, the Madhyakaumudi and the Laghukaumudi both written by Varadaraja, the pupil of Bhattoji Diksita.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (vyakarana)

Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी).—After Patañjali comes the age of prakriyā, re-ordering the rules of Pāṇini’sgrammar to simplify it. The Siddhānta-Kaumudī of Bhaṭṭojidikṣita (17th century CE) is a prakriyā text.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Siddhantakaumudi in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

The Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी) is one of four grammatical texts known to have been written by Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita. The Siddhāntakaumudī, a commentary on the sūtras of Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī in which these have been re-ordered so as to present in distinct chapters (prakaraṇas) various topics such as the names and principles used in grammar, the rules of sandhi, the derivation and inflexion of word classes, etc.,

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Siddhantakaumudi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी).—[feminine] siromaṇi [masculine] titles of books.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Siddhāntasaṃgrahaṭīkā by Rāghavānanda.

2) Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी):—grammar, by Bhaṭṭoji, an imitation of the Prakriyākaumudī, which, in the usual course of things ancient and modern, is roundly abused by the compiler in the Prauḍhamanoramā. Jones. 412. Io. 63. 64. 360. 675. 768. 970. 1331. 2190. 2191. 2207. 2208. 2325. 2326. 2331. 2332. 2446. 2821. W. p. 214. Paris. (Gr. 30. 31). Khn. 50 (Vaidikī Prakriyā). K. 90. Ben. 18. 23. 24. Lgr. 120. Tu7b. 20 (Vaidikī Prakriyā). Kāṭm. 8. Pheh. 7 (and—[commentary]). Rādh. 8. 46. Burnell. 39^b. Mysore. 4. Bhr. 195. 196. Poona. 330. Taylor. 1, 15. 227. 350. Oppert. 627. 681. 833. 969. 1629-31. 2101-3. 2484. 2544. 2595. 2810. 3245. 3296. 3512. 3525. 3716. 3885. 4082. 4175. 4196. 4261. 4373. 4514. 4689. 4795. 4855. 4915. 5019. 5255. 6477. 6690. 7036. 7255. 7792. Ii, 296. 601. 717. 785. 869. 1011. 1216. 1236. 1400. 1705. 1718. 1825. 2112. 2176. 2203. 2283. 2304. 2417. 2535. 2624. 2756. 2999. 3082. 3889. 4375. 4437. 5056. 5291. 5806. 6038. 6499. 6557. 6723. 6869. 7012. 7043. 7063. 7162. 7248. 7833. 8128. 8147. 8414. 8606. 8982. 9125. 9333. 9531. 9798. 10197. 10276. 10420. Rice. 14. 24. 26. Bp. 303 (Vaidikī Prakriyā).
—Bṛhatsiddhāntakaumudī B. 3, 16.
—[commentary] Prauḍhamanoramā (q. v.) by Bhaṭṭoji.
—[commentary] Śabdenduśekhara (q. v.) by Nāgojī.
—[commentary] Oppert. Ii, 3889.
—[commentary] Mānasarañjinī. Oudh. Vi, 8.
—[commentary] Śabdasāgara. Burnell. 40^a.
—[commentary] Saralā Rādh. 10 (navīna).
—[commentary] Sudhākara. Oppert. 8353.
—[commentary] Ratnārṇava by Kṛṣṇamitra. Ben. 24. Oudh. Iii, 12. Ix, 8. Np. Ii, 94.
—[commentary] Subodhinī, a
—[commentary] on the Vaidikaprakriyā, by Jayakṛṣṇa, son of Raghunātha. Io. 675. L. 1417. 3122. K. 90. B. 3, 32. Ben. 21. 22. Lgr. 160. Rādh. 9. 45. Oudh. Iii, 10. Xiv, 36. Xvi, 64. Np. Ii, 94. Bhr. 197. 198. Oppert. 6485 (?). 8259. Ii, 9127. 9770. Peters. 3, 393.
—[commentary] Tattvabodhinī by Jñānendra Sarasvatī. Io. 485. 486. 1883. 1884. Oxf. 164^a. Khn. 44. B. 3, 6 (pūrvārdha). Ben. 19. 24. Lgr. 17. Kāṭm. 9. Rādh. 8. Oudh. Iii, 10. Np. Ii, 96. X, 44. Burnell. 40^a. P. 3. Oppert. 270. 698. 701. 835-37. 990. 1444. 1445. 1839. 2235. 2236. 2508. 2608. 2838. 3303. 3529. 3718. 4141. 4297. 4477. 4838. 4859. 5049. 5376. 5719. 5983. 6344. 6585. 6906. 7308. 7756. 7968. Ii, 688. 752. 812. 933. 1074. 1322. 1754. 2048. 2246. 2295. 2386. 2656. 2720. 2765. 2933. 3050. 4411. 4618. 5384. 5620. 5742. 6117. 6276. 6500. 6665. 6759. 6984. 7379. 7565. 8640. 8849. 9031. 9246. 9345. 9462. 9816. 10081. 10136. 10225. 10313. 10398. Rice. 14. 16.
—[commentary] Sumanoramā by Tirumala. Burnell. 40^b. Oppert. 4153. Ii, 719. 7841.
—[commentary] by Bhaṭṭoji (?). Oppert. Ii, 4543. See Prauḍhamanoramā.
—[commentary] Siddhāntakaumudīvilāsa by Bhāskararāya. K. 90. Ben. 23. Rādh. 10. Oudh. Xi, 8. Np. Ii, 94. Lahore. 6.
—[commentary] Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntaratnākara by Rāmakṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭa, son of Tirumala. L. 705 ([fragmentary]). K. 90. B. 3, 30. Ben. 19, 22. Lgr. 155. Rādh. 9. 10. NW. 46 (samāsa). 68 (kāraka). Oudh. Iii, 12. Np. I, 102 (kāraka). Ii, 96. Burnell. 40^a. Lahore. 6. Bhr. 189. Oppert. Ii, 4964. 7003. W. 1628 ([fragmentary]). Peters. 3, 393.
—[sub-commentary] Siddhāntaratnākarapradīpa. Rādh. 10.
—[commentary] by Viśveśvaratīrtha. NW. 40. Np. I, 108.
—[commentary] Siddhāntaratnākara by Śivarāmendra Sarasvatī. Np. Ii, 96.
—[commentary] by Hari Dīkṣita. NW. 64.

3) Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी):—grammar, by Bhaṭṭoji. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 107. Hz. 196. Oudh. Xx, 78. Stein 49. Weber 2217-19.
—[commentary] Stein 50.
—[commentary] Sudhākara. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 108. See Siddhāntasudhākara.
—[commentary] Subodhinī on the Vaidikaprakriyā, by Jayakṛṣṇa, son of Raghunātha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 107. 108. Hz. 184. Oudh. Xx, 78 (Svaraprakriyā). 84. Rgb. 503. Stein 51 (inc.).
—[commentary] Tattvabodhinī by Jñānendra Sarasvatī. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 107. Hz. 186 (subanta). 257 (tiṅanta). 466 (kṛdanta). Oudh. Xx, 80. 82. Peters. 4, 18. Rgb. 477. Stein 49.
—[commentary] Sumanoramā by Tirumala. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 108.
—[commentary] Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntaratnākara by Rāmakṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭa, son of Tirumala. Oudh. Xxi, 66. Peters. 4, 20 (inc.). Stein 50.
—[commentary] Vilāsa (q. v.) by Lakṣmīnṛsiṃha. Gov. Or. Libr. Madras 79. 85.

4) Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी):—grammar, by Bhaṭṭoji. Ulwar 1197.
—[commentary] Ratnārṇava by Kṛṣṇamitra, son of Rāmasevaka. Ulwar 1200. Extr. 273.
—[commentary] Subodhinī on the Vaidikaprakriyā by Jayakṛṣṇa, son of Raghunātha. Ulwar 1202.
—[commentary] by Jayakaurā. Ulwar 1204. Extr. 275.
—[commentary] Tattvabodhinī by Jñānendra Sarasvatī. Ulwar 1199.
—[commentary] Vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntaratnākara by Rāmakṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭa, son of Tirumala. Ulwar 1203. Extr. 274.

5) Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी):—grammar by Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita. As p. 222 (2 Mss.). Bc 411. 412. Hz. 1061 (up to samāśrayavidhi). L.. 747. 748 (inc.). 749 (tiṅanta). 750 (kṛtya and kṛdanta). 751 (vaidikaprakriyā). Śg. 2, 79 (3 Mss. inc.). Tod 90 (tiṅanta, and concludes with the kṛdantaprakriyā). C. Śg. 1, 30 (inc.). C. Prauḍhamanoramā (q. v.) by Bhaṭṭoji. C. Subodhinī on the Vaidikaprakriyā by Jayakṛṣṇa. Hz. 814. C. Tattvabodhinī by Jñānendra Sarasvatī. Hz. 1062 (halanta puṃliñga to samāsa). 1233 (samāsa to taddhitānta, and Uttarabhāga to kṛdanta). L.. 753. Śg. 2, 74. C. by Tirumala. Adyar Libr. 3 (tiṅanta). C. Śabdenduśekhara (q. v.) by Nāgeśa. C. Siddhāntaratnākara by Rāmakṛṣṇa Bhaṭṭa. Adyar Libr. 5. As p. 186 (2 Mss.). C. Bālamanoramā by Vāsudeva Dīkṣita, son of Mahādeva Vājapeyin. Hz. 1239 p. 121 (Strpratyaya). Śg. 1, 32 p. 72 (up to acsaṃdhi). C. Bālabodha by Candanajātīya Sārasvatavyūḍha Miśra. As p. 223 (Pūrvārdha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siddhāntakaumudī (सिद्धान्तकौमुदी):—[=siddhānta-kaumudī] [from siddhānta > sidh] f. Name of a celebrated grammar by Bhaṭṭoji-dīkṣita (giving a particular arrangement of Pāṇini’s Sūtras with [commentator or commentary])

[Sanskrit to German]

Siddhantakaumudi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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