Un, Uṅ, Uñ, Uṇ, Ūṅ, Ūn, Ūṇ, Ūṉ: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Un means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Uṅ (उङ्).—A technical term for उपधा (upadhā), the penultimate letter in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa; cf. इदुदुङः (iduduṅaḥ) Jain. V. 4.28.

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Uñ (उञ्).—(l) short term (प्रत्याहार (pratyāhāra)) for vowels excepting अ (a) and इ (i), semivowels, nasal consonants and the consonants ह् झ् (h jh) and भ् (bh).; cf भय उञो वो वा (bhaya uño vo vā) P. VIII.3.33; (2) the particle उ; cf. उञि च पदे (uñi ca pade) P.VIII.3.21, also उञः (uñaḥ) P.1.I.17.

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Uṇ (उण्).—The affix उण् (uṇ), causing वृद्धि (vṛddhi) on account of the mute letter ण (ṇa), prescribed after the roots कृ, वा, पा, जि, मि, स्वद्, साध् (kṛ, , , ji, mi, svad, sādh) and अशू (aśū) by the rule कृवापाजिमित्वदिसाध्यशूभ्य उण् (kṛvāpājimitvadisādhyaśūbhya uṇ) which is the first rule (or Sūtra) of a series of rules prescribing various affixes which are called Uṇādi affixes, the affix उण् (uṇ) being the first of them. e.g. कारुः, वायु, स्वादु, साधु (kāruḥ, vāyu, svādu, sādhu) etc.; cf. Uṇādi I,1.

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Ūṅ (ऊङ्).—Fem. affix ऊ (ū) prescribed after masculine nouns ending in the vowel ऊ (ū) and denoting a human being as also after some other specific masculine bases cf ऊङुतः (ūṅutaḥ) P.IV. I.66 and the following sūtras. e.g. कुरूः, पङ्गूः श्वश्रूः, करभोरूः, भद्रबाहूः (kurūḥ, paṅgūḥ śvaśrūḥ, karabhorūḥ, bhadrabāhūḥ) etc.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Un in South America is the name of a plant defined with Persea americana in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Persea paucitriplinervia Lundell (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Jahrbuch des Königlichen Botanischen Gartens und des Botanischen Museums zu Berlin (1889)
· Ceiba (1953)
· Ceiba (2003)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1920)
· Systema Laurinarum (1836)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Un, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūn (ऊन्).—1 P. To decrease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūn (ऊन्).—[ūna] r. 10th cl. (na) ūnat (ūnayati) 1. To deduct or lessen. 2. To mete out in small quantities. 3. To measure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūn (ऊन्).—i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] (properly a denom. of the following), To detract.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Un in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf, also nm) wool; (a) less (than), small; —[ki duna marana] to exaggerate no end..—un (ऊन) is alternatively transliterated as Ūna.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Uṇ (ಉಣ್):—

1) [verb] = ಉಣ್ಣು [unnu].

2) [verb] ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu] uṇanīḍu to offer food; to serve a meal; ಉಣಬಡಿಸು [unabadisu] uṇabaḍisu = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಬರು [unabaru] uṇabaru to come for having a meal; ಉಣಲಿಕ್ಕಿಸು [unalikkisu] uṇalikkisu to cause to serve food; ಉಣಲಿಕ್ಕು [unalikku] uṇalikku = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಲಿಡು [unalidu] uṇaliḍu = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಲುಳ್ಳಂ [unalullam] uṇaluḷḷan he who has (sufficient) resouses for his living; ಉಣಲ್ಕೀ [unalki] uṇalkī = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಲ್ಪಡೆ [unalpade] uṇalpaḍe to be lucky to get one’s meal; ಉಣವೇಳ್ಕುಂ [unavelkum] uṇavēḷkum (one) has to have his food 2. to accept the consequences of one’s actions (whether pleasant or not); ಉಣಿಯೆಕೊಡು [uniyekodu] uṇiyekoḍu to let another have food or enjoy the benefits of one’s action.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Uṇ (உண்) [uṇ(ṇu)tal] 7 transitive verb

1. To eat or drink; to suck, as a child; take food; சாப் பிடுதல். [sap piduthal.]

2. To swallow without biting; உணவைக் கடியாது உட்கொள்ளுதல். [unavaig kadiyathu udkolluthal.] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருவாய்மொழி [nalayira thivyappirapandam thiruvaymozhi] 6, 7, 1.)

3. To enjoy, experience; அனுப வித்தல். மங்கைய ரிளநல மைந்த ருண்ண [anupa vithal. mangaiya rilanala maintha runna] (கம்பராமாயணம் உண்டா. [kambaramayanam unda.] 63).

4. To draw in, receive; உட்கொள் ளுதல். நதியுண்ட கடல் [udkol luthal. nathiyunda kadal] (தாயுமானசுவாமிகள் பாடல் மலைவளர். [thayumanasuvamigal padal malaivalar.] 1.).

5. To be fitted to; பத்துப்பாட்டு: பொருநராற்றுப்படை்துதல். உறியுண்ட கரகத்தோடு [porunthuthal. uriyunda karagathodu] (திருவிளையாடற் புராணம் யானையெய். [thiruvilaiyadar puranam yanaiyey.] 38).

6. To resemble; ஒத்தல். சேலுண் கண்ணியர் [othal. selun kanniyar] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 2383).

7. To seize, grasp; கவர்தல். அவுணனா ருயிரை யுண்ட கூற்றினை [kavarthal. avunana ruyirai yunda kurrinai] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் திருக்குறுந்தொகை [nalayira thivyappirapandam thirukkurun.] 2).

8. To harmonise with, to be agreeable to; இசைவாதல். ஓசை யூட்டினு முண்ணாத வாறும் [isaivathal. osai yuttinu munnatha varum] (யாப்பருங்கலம் விருத்தி பக். [yapparungalam viruthi pag.] 97). — aux. Used with verbal bases and verbal nouns to form the passive, as in கட்டுண்டான், கேடுண்டான்; செயப்பாட்டு வினைப்பொருள் உணர்த்தும் ஒரு விகுதி. [kattundan, kedundan; seyappattu vinaipporul unarthum oru viguthi.]

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Ūṇ (ஊண்) noun < உண்-. [un-.]

1. Eating; உண்கை. பாத்தூண் மரீஇயவனை [unkai. pathun mariiyavanai] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 227).

2. [Malayalam: ūṇ.] Food; உணவு. உடைசெல்வமூணொளிகல்வி [unavu. udaiselvamunoligalvi] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 939).

3. Experience of joys and sorrows by the soul, as the inevitable fruits of karma; ஆன் மாவின் சுகதுக்கானுபவம். ஊணொழியா துன்னின் [an mavin sugathukkanupavam. unozhiya thunnin] (சிவபிரகாசம் [sivapiragasam] 19).

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Ūṉ (ஊன்) noun < ஊ³. [u³.] [Malayalam: ūṉ.]

1. Flesh, muscle; தசை. ஊனுடுத்தி யொன்பதுவாசல்வைத்து [thasai. unuduthi yonpathuvasalvaithu] (தேவாரம் [thevaram] 29, 1).

2. Meat, animal food; மாமிசம். ஊனமுதம் விருப்புற்று [mamisam. unamutham viruppurru] (திருவாசகம் [thiruvasagam] 15, 3).

3. Body; உடல். ஊனைக் குறித்த வுயிரெல்லாம் [udal. unaig kuritha vuyirellam] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 1013).

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Uṇ (உண்) noun < உண்-. [un-.] Food; உணவு. உண் விழைவார்க் கில்லை யுயிரோம்பல் [unavu. un vizhaivark killai yuyirombal] (அறநெறிச். [araneris.] 115).

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Ūṉ (ஊன்) noun probably from ஊண். [un.] Paddy; நெல். (அகராதி நிகண்டு) [nel. (agarathi nigandu)]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Un is another spelling for उँ [uṃ].—[=उँ] excl. expressing dislike/dissatisfaction;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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