Un, Uṅ, Uñ, Uṇ, Ūṅ, Ūn: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Un means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Uṅ (उङ्).—A technical term for उपधा (upadhā), the penultimate letter in the Jainendra Vyākaraṇa; cf. इदुदुङः (iduduṅaḥ) Jain. V. 4.28.

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Uñ (उञ्).—(l) short term (प्रत्याहार (pratyāhāra)) for vowels excepting अ (a) and इ (i), semivowels, nasal consonants and the consonants ह् झ् (h jh) and भ् (bh).; cf भय उञो वो वा (bhaya uño vo vā) P. VIII.3.33; (2) the particle उ; cf. उञि च पदे (uñi ca pade) P.VIII.3.21, also उञः (uñaḥ) P.1.I.17.

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Uṇ (उण्).—The affix उण् (uṇ), causing वृद्धि (vṛddhi) on account of the mute letter ण (ṇa), prescribed after the roots कृ, वा, पा, जि, मि, स्वद्, साध् (kṛ, , , ji, mi, svad, sādh) and अशू (aśū) by the rule कृवापाजिमित्वदिसाध्यशूभ्य उण् (kṛvāpājimitvadisādhyaśūbhya uṇ) which is the first rule (or Sūtra) of a series of rules prescribing various affixes which are called Uṇādi affixes, the affix उण् (uṇ) being the first of them. e.g. कारुः, वायु, स्वादु, साधु (kāruḥ, vāyu, svādu, sādhu) etc.; cf. Uṇādi I,1.

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Ūṅ (ऊङ्).—Fem. affix ऊ (ū) prescribed after masculine nouns ending in the vowel ऊ (ū) and denoting a human being as also after some other specific masculine bases cf ऊङुतः (ūṅutaḥ) P.IV. I.66 and the following sūtras. e.g. कुरूः, पङ्गूः श्वश्रूः, करभोरूः, भद्रबाहूः (kurūḥ, paṅgūḥ śvaśrūḥ, karabhorūḥ, bhadrabāhūḥ) etc.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ūn (ऊन्).—1 P. To decrease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūn (ऊन्).—[ūna] r. 10th cl. (na) ūnat (ūnayati) 1. To deduct or lessen. 2. To mete out in small quantities. 3. To measure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ūn (ऊन्).—i. 10, [Parasmaipada.] (properly a denom. of the following), To detract.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Un in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf, also nm) wool; (a) less (than), small; —[ki duna marana] to exaggerate no end..—un (ऊन) is alternatively transliterated as Ūna.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Uṇ (ಉಣ್):—

1) [verb] = ಉಣ್ಣು [unnu].

2) [verb] ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu] uṇanīḍu to offer food; to serve a meal; ಉಣಬಡಿಸು [unabadisu] uṇabaḍisu = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಬರು [unabaru] uṇabaru to come for having a meal; ಉಣಲಿಕ್ಕಿಸು [unalikkisu] uṇalikkisu to cause to serve food; ಉಣಲಿಕ್ಕು [unalikku] uṇalikku = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಲಿಡು [unalidu] uṇaliḍu = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಲುಳ್ಳಂ [unalullam] uṇaluḷḷan he who has (sufficient) resouses for his living; ಉಣಲ್ಕೀ [unalki] uṇalkī = ಉಣನೀಡು [unanidu]; ಉಣಲ್ಪಡೆ [unalpade] uṇalpaḍe to be lucky to get one’s meal; ಉಣವೇಳ್ಕುಂ [unavelkum] uṇavēḷkum (one) has to have his food 2. to accept the consequences of one’s actions (whether pleasant or not); ಉಣಿಯೆಕೊಡು [uniyekodu] uṇiyekoḍu to let another have food or enjoy the benefits of one’s action.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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