Phani, Phaṇī, Phaṇi, Phaṇin, Phāṇi, Phanin: 28 definitions

Introduction:

Phani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Phaṇin (फणिन्):—Snakes (cobra).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Phaṇī (फणी) is another name for Sarpiṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, possibly identified with some plant from the Arisaema species (e.g., Arisaema curvatum or Arisaema tortuosum), according to verse 5.125 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Phaṇī and Sarpiṇī, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Phaṇi (फणि) refers to “serpents”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The mighty ocean whose waters were swallowed by Agastya, exhibited gems that eclipsed the splendour of the crowns of the Devas [...] There were also seen, moving to and fro, whales, pearl oysters and conch shells, and the sea altogether looked like a summer lake with its moving waves, water lilies and swans. [...] Its huge white waves looked like clouds; its gems looked like stars; its crystals looked like the Moon; and its long bright serpents bearing gems in their hoods [i.e., phaṇi-phaṇa-upala] looked like comets and thus the whole sea looked like the sky”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Phaṇi (फणि) refers to the “hood (of a Nāga)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] One should prepare a square [space] measuring a hasta, very smooth and well smeared. It should be sprinkled with perfumed water all around. Four Nāga kings should be prepared in the middle of the ditch. Full of brownish cow dung and clay a nine-headed [Nāga king should be prepared] with a hood (phaṇi) and a coiled body. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Phaṇin (फणिन्) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Phaṇin] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

phaṇī : (m.) a cobra.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

phaṇī (फणी).—f (phaṇā) A comb. 2 A weaver's instrument for pressing and closing the woof. 3 A combing card. 4 A scraper (of the adhering gūḷa) of sugar-boilers. 5 A clustering stalk of plantains; an off-branch of the fruit-receptacle. 6 The hood of Coluber Naga &c. 7 m S A snake with a hood.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

phaṇī (फणी).—f A comb. A weaver's instrument. The hood of Coluber Nâga. A snake with a hood.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Phaṇin (फणिन्).—m. [phaṇā astyasya ini]

1) A hooded serpent, serpent or snake in general; उद्गिरतो यद्गरलं फणिनः पुष्णासि परिमलोद्गारैः (udgirato yadgaralaṃ phaṇinaḥ puṣṇāsi parimalodgāraiḥ) Bv.1.12,58; फणी मयूरस्य तले निषीदति (phaṇī mayūrasya tale niṣīdati) Ṛtusaṃhāra 1. 13; R.16.17; Kumārasambhava 2.21.

2) An epithet of Rāhu.

3) An epithet of Patañjali, the author of the Mahābhāṣya on Pāṇini's Sūtras; फणिभाषितभाष्यफक्किका (phaṇibhāṣitabhāṣyaphakkikā) N.2.95.

 

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Phaṇin (फणिन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a synonym of Patañjali. Oxf. 176^a. 177^a. 188^a.

Phaṇin has the following synonyms: Phaṇīśvara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phāṇi (फाणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. f. Unrefined sugar, molasses; flour mixed with curd.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phaṇin (फणिन्):—(ṇī) 5. m. A snake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Phaṇin (फणिन्):—[from phaṇ] m. ‘hooded’, a serpent ([especially] Coluber Nāga), [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Rāhu and Patañjali, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.; Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] a species of shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. ([probably]) tin or lead, [Kālacakra]

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Phāṇi (फाणि).—f.

1) Molasses.

2) Flour mixed with curds (karambha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Phaṇi (फणि):—[from phaṇ] 1. phaṇi m. a serpent (only [genitive case] [plural] phaṇīnām), [Suparṇādhyāya]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. phaṇi in [compound] for phaṇin.

3) Phaṇī (फणी):—f. Name of a river, [Catalogue(s)]

4) Phāṇi (फाणि):—f. (√phaṇ?) unrefined sugar, molasses, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) flour or meal mixed with curds (= karambha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phaṇin (फणिन्).—[masculine] = [preceding], [Epithet] of Rāhu & PataJjali.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phaṇi (फणि).—[masculine] serpent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phāṇi (फाणि).—f.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. Unrefined sugar, molasses. 2. Flour or meal mixed with curds. E. sphāyī to swell, Unadi aff. ni, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Phaṇin (फणिन्).—m. (-ṇī) A snake. E. phaṇa a hood, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Phāṇī (फाणी).—(-kṛta) , (compare Sanskrit phāṇita and Lex. phāṇi, f.), (mixed with) syrup or treacle: °kṛtaṃ mudgayūṣaṃ hareṇu- kayūṣaṃ…Lalitavistara 264.16 (prose). Senart by em. puts phāṇi- kṛtam into Mahāvastu ii.204.19, relying on the Lalitavistara passage; but a comparison of the corrupt Mahāvastu mss. with Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.245.19— 20 seems to make it clear that Mahāvastu should be read: mudga- kulattha-hareṇuka-kalāya-kṛta-yūṣam upabhuñje.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Phaṇin (फणिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Phaṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Phani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Phaṇī (फणी):—(nm) a snake, serpent.

2) Phānī (फानी):—(a) transitory, transient, perishable.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Phaṇi (फणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Phaṇin.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Phaṇi (ಫಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a snake that can expand the fold of skin near its head when excited (as a cobra).

2) [noun] Nāgai, the presiding deity of the asterismāślēṣa (Epsilon Hydra).

3) [noun] Rāhu, the serpent-demon, eighth of the nine astrological planets.

4) [noun] a kind of acute, inflammatory virus disease, characterised of blisters on the back.

5) [noun] (arith.) a huge number having thirty-three digits (one followed by thirty two zeros).

--- OR ---

Phaṇi (ಫಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a thin, long plank of wood.

2) [noun] a stick; a staff.

3) [noun] a short staff used by boys in playing 'cinni-dāṇḍu.

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Phāṇi (ಫಾಣಿ):—

1) [noun] unrefined sugarcane juice.

2) [noun] a meal prepared by mixing flour of parched rāgi (sometimes, of rice) with curds.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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