Samtrasa, Saṃtrāsa, Santrāsa, Santrasa: 12 definitions


Samtrasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

1) Santrāsa (सन्त्रास) refers to the “trembling” (of the world), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.19cd-26, while instructing to visualize Sadāśiva in order to worship the formless Amṛteśa]—“[He] resembles the swelling moon, a heap of mountain snow. [...] [The Southern Sadāśiva] bears a skull rosary and makes the world tremble (saṃtrāsa-kārakajagat saṃtrāsakārakam). [Sadāśiva's] Western [face] resembles snowy jasmine and the North as a beautiful red lotus. The face above the [other] Śiva [faces] resembles a crystal [i.e., colorless]. [...]”.

2) Santrāsa (सन्त्रास) refers to “trembling” (from afflictions).—Accordingly, [verse 19.94cd-99ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“[...] Great sleep, who bewilders the world, is there. For the king’s well-being at night and for his digestion when he eats, etc., this worship should continue [throughout the night] by the order of the God of Gods. Then [the king] should sleep the entire night. He should remain at ease, free of the dangers of Yakṣas, Rakṣas, Pisācas, fear of disrupted sleep—which bring about Mātṛs—and trembling (santrāsa) from those afflictions”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samtrasa in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Santrāsa (सन्त्रास) refers to “having fear” (as opposed to Gatasantrāsa—“fearlessly withstanding the rain”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.1 (“Description of Tripura—the three cities”).—Accordingly, as Sanatkumāra narrated to Vyāsa: “O great sage, when the Asura Tāraka was killed by Skanda, the son of Śiva, his three sons performed austerities. [...] In the summer season they mastered sunshine. They lighted fires in all directions. Standing in their midst they performed sacrifice with great devotion for the attainment of success. They lay unconscious in the blazing sunshine. During the rainy season, they fearlessly (gata-santrāsa) bore all the showers on their heads. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃtrāsa (संत्रास).—Fear, terror, alarm.

Derivable forms: saṃtrāsaḥ (संत्रासः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santrāsa (सन्त्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) Fear, alarm. E. sam before, tras to fear, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtrāsa (संत्रास).—i. e. sam-tras + a, m. Fear, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 27, 16; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 224.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtrāsa (संत्रास).—[masculine] terror, fear of ([ablative] or tas).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtrāsa (संत्रास):—[=saṃ-trāsa] [from saṃ-tras] mfn. great trembling, terror, fear of ([ablative], -tas, or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santrāsa (सन्त्रास):—[sa-ntrāsa] (saḥ) 1. m. Alarm.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃtrāsa (संत्रास) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃtāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samtrasa in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samtrasa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃtrāsa (संत्रास) [Also spelled santras]:—(nm) terror, horror, fright, alarm.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃtrāsa (ಸಂತ್ರಾಸ):—[noun] intense fear; terror; horror.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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