Trasa, Trāsa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Trasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Trāsa (त्रास, “fear”):—One of the five ordinary defects (sādhāraṇa-doṣa) of the precious stones (ratna) according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit work on the subject of rasaśāstra, or medicinal alchemy). This defect (doṣa) is also referring to ‘two different colours’ or ‘discolouration’ or ‘presence of grains’.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Trāsa (त्रास, “fright”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Trāsa (त्रास, “fright”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as flash of lightning, a meteor, thunder, earthquake, clouds, crying or howling of big animals and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as, shaking of narrow limbs, tremor [of the body], paralysis, horripilation, speaking with a choked voice, talking irrelevantly, and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Trasa (त्रस) or Trasajīva refers to “ movable living things” and represents one of the two types of jīva (“living things”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] Jīvas are known to be of two kinds: immovable (sthāvara) and movable (trasa). In both of these there are two divisions, depending on whether they have faculties to develop (paryāpti) or not. There are six faculties to develop, which are the cause of development: eating food and digesting it, body, senses, breath, speech, and mind. Creatures that have one sense, two to four, or five senses, have respectively four, five, or six faculties. [...] The movable souls [viz, trasa-jīva] are of four kinds: two-, three-, four-, and five-sensed. Among these, the five-sensed are of two kinds: rational (sañjñin) and irrational (asañjñin). The ones that know how to learn, teach, and converse, they are rational. They have mind-vitality.[5] Others are irrational. The skin, tongue, nose, eye, and ear are the five sense-organs of which touch, taste, smell, form, and sound are the province. Worms, conch-shells, earth-worms, leeches, cowries, and oyster-shells having many forms, are considered to have two senses. Lice, bugs, termites, nits, etc., are considered to have three senses. Moths, flies, bees, gnats, etc., are considered to have four senses. The remainder that have animal-birth-nuclei, living in water, on land, or in the air, hell-inhabitants, men, and gods, are all considered five-sensed”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Trasa (त्रस, “mobile”) refers to “mobile bodies” and represents one of saṃsārī, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.12.—The pure soul bonded with karmas is called empirical soul (saṃsārī) and represents a type of Jīva (sentients, souls).

What is the meaning of with mobile bodies (trasa)? The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘mobile-physique-making karma’/ trasa-nāmakarma, having more than one type of sense organs (two, three, four and five types of sense organs) and capable of freely moving around are called with mobile bodies. Why are mobile living beings (trasa) venerable? As they can attain the three jewels namely right belief-knowledge and conduct, so they are capable of being venerated.

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 2.14, “the mobile beings are from the two- sensed beings onwards”. What is the meaning of mobile (trasa)? A living being whose present mode /state is due to the rise of trasa physwique-making karma is called trasa. Mobile also means those beings that can move on their own.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Trasa (त्रस) refers to the “mobile body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by mobile body (trasa) body-making karma? The rise of these karmas causes a living being to be born with two, three, four or five sense organs are called mobile body-making karmas.

The opposite-pair of trasa (mobile body) is sthāvara (stationery body).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Trāsa.—(SII 2), flaw in a ruby. Note: trāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trāsa (त्रास).—m (S) Vexation, weariness, sense of annoyance: also disgust, dislike, feeling of loathing. 4 S Fear. trāsa trāsa karaṇēṃ To cry out against oppression. trāsa trāsa dēṇēṃ To oppress greatly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

trāsa (त्रास).—m Vexation, weariness, sense of annoyance; disgust, dislike, feeling of loathing.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—a. [tras-ghañarthe ka] Movable, locomotive.

-saḥ The heart.

-sam 1 A wood, forest.

2) Animals.

3) The aggregate of moving or living beings (liṅgaśarīra); ऋजुः प्रणिहितो गच्छंस्त्रसस्थावरवर्जकः (ṛjuḥ praṇihito gacchaṃstrasasthāvaravarjakaḥ) Mb.12.9.19.

4) Animals and men.

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Trāsa (त्रास).—a. [tras bhāve ghañ]

1) Movable, moving.

2) Frightening.

-saḥ 1 Fear, terror, alarm; उमापतेश्च तत्कर्म ज्ञात्वा त्रासमुपागमत् (umāpateśca tatkarma jñātvā trāsamupāgamat) Rām.7.87.17; अन्तः कञ्चुकिकञ्चुकस्य विशति त्रासादयं वामनः (antaḥ kañcukikañcukasya viśati trāsādayaṃ vāmanaḥ) Ratn.2.3; R.2.38;9.58.

2) Alarming, frightening.

3) A flaw or defect in a jewel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Moveable, loco-motive. n.

(-saṃ) A wood, a forest. E. tras to go, affix ac or ādhāre ghañarthe ka .

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Trāsa (त्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Fear, terror. 2. A flaw or defect in a jewel. E. tras to fear, affix bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—[tras + a], n. (moving) Living creatures, [Matsyopākhyāna] 29.

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Trāsa (त्रास).—i. e. tras + a, I. adj. Moveable, Mahābhārata 7, 9476. Ii. m. 1. Fear, terror, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 17. 2. Frightening, [Hitopadeśa] 27, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—[adjective] movable, moving; [neuter] what moves or lives, beasts and men.

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Trāsa (त्रास).—[masculine] terror, fright.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trasa (त्रस):—[from tras] mfn. moving

2) [v.s. ...] n. the collective body of moving or living beings (opposed to sthāvara), [Mahābhārata xii f.; Jaina literature]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘quivering’, the heart, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. a wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Trāsa (त्रास):—m. [from] √2. tras fear, terror, anxiety, [Mahābhārata] etc.

6) a flaw in a jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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