Trasa, Trāsa: 20 definitions
Trasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Trāsa (त्रास, “fear”):—One of the five ordinary defects (sādhāraṇa-doṣa) of the precious stones (ratna) according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit work on the subject of rasaśāstra, or medicinal alchemy). This defect (doṣa) is also referring to ‘two different colours’ or ‘discolouration’ or ‘presence of grains’.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Trāsa (त्रास, “fright”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Trāsa (त्रास, “fright”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as flash of lightning, a meteor, thunder, earthquake, clouds, crying or howling of big animals and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as, shaking of narrow limbs, tremor [of the body], paralysis, horripilation, speaking with a choked voice, talking irrelevantly, and the like.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study
Trāsa (त्रास) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of trāsa-bhāva is XIII.59.—Here we can observe how Dhṛtarāṣṭra gets irritated as well as frightened on listening to the strange and inauspicious crying of crows and jackals at the residence of his sons. The sense of Trāsa due to irritation and fear can be seen in Dhṛtarāṣṭra
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Trāsa (त्रास):—Trembling; Fear; Trouble
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Trasa (त्रस) or Trasajīva refers to “ movable living things” and represents one of the two types of jīva (“living things”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] Jīvas are known to be of two kinds: immovable (sthāvara) and movable (trasa). In both of these there are two divisions, depending on whether they have faculties to develop (paryāpti) or not. There are six faculties to develop, which are the cause of development: eating food and digesting it, body, senses, breath, speech, and mind. Creatures that have one sense, two to four, or five senses, have respectively four, five, or six faculties. [...] The movable souls [viz, trasa-jīva] are of four kinds: two-, three-, four-, and five-sensed. Among these, the five-sensed are of two kinds: rational (sañjñin) and irrational (asañjñin). The ones that know how to learn, teach, and converse, they are rational. They have mind-vitality. Others are irrational. The skin, tongue, nose, eye, and ear are the five sense-organs of which touch, taste, smell, form, and sound are the province. Worms, conch-shells, earth-worms, leeches, cowries, and oyster-shells having many forms, are considered to have two senses. Lice, bugs, termites, nits, etc., are considered to have three senses. Moths, flies, bees, gnats, etc., are considered to have four senses. The remainder that have animal-birth-nuclei, living in water, on land, or in the air, hell-inhabitants, men, and gods, are all considered five-sensed”.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Trasa (त्रस, “mobile”) refers to “mobile bodies” and represents one of saṃsārī, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.12.—The pure soul bonded with karmas is called empirical soul (saṃsārī) and represents a type of Jīva (sentients, souls).
What is the meaning of with mobile bodies (trasa)? The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘mobile-physique-making karma’/ trasa-nāmakarma, having more than one type of sense organs (two, three, four and five types of sense organs) and capable of freely moving around are called with mobile bodies. Why are mobile living beings (trasa) venerable? As they can attain the three jewels namely right belief-knowledge and conduct, so they are capable of being venerated.
According to the Tattvārthasūtra 2.14, “the mobile beings are from the two- sensed beings onwards”. What is the meaning of mobile (trasa)? A living being whose present mode /state is due to the rise of trasa physwique-making karma is called trasa. Mobile also means those beings that can move on their own.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Trasa (त्रस) refers to the “mobile body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by mobile body (trasa) body-making karma? The rise of these karmas causes a living being to be born with two, three, four or five sense organs are called mobile body-making karmas.
The opposite-pair of trasa (mobile body) is sthāvara (stationery body).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Trāsa.—(SII 2), flaw in a ruby. Note: trāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
trāsa (त्रास).—m (S) Vexation, weariness, sense of annoyance: also disgust, dislike, feeling of loathing. 4 S Fear. trāsa trāsa karaṇēṃ To cry out against oppression. trāsa trāsa dēṇēṃ To oppress greatly.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
trāsa (त्रास).—m Vexation, weariness, sense of annoyance; disgust, dislike, feeling of loathing.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Trasa (त्रस).—a. [tras-ghañarthe ka] Movable, locomotive.
-saḥ The heart.
-sam 1 A wood, forest.
3) The aggregate of moving or living beings (liṅgaśarīra); ऋजुः प्रणिहितो गच्छंस्त्रसस्थावरवर्जकः (ṛjuḥ praṇihito gacchaṃstrasasthāvaravarjakaḥ) Mb.12.9.19.
4) Animals and men.
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Trāsa (त्रास).—a. [tras bhāve ghañ]
1) Movable, moving.
-saḥ 1 Fear, terror, alarm; उमापतेश्च तत्कर्म ज्ञात्वा त्रासमुपागमत् (umāpateśca tatkarma jñātvā trāsamupāgamat) Rām.7.87.17; अन्तः कञ्चुकिकञ्चुकस्य विशति त्रासादयं वामनः (antaḥ kañcukikañcukasya viśati trāsādayaṃ vāmanaḥ) Ratn.2.3; R.2.38;9.58.
2) Alarming, frightening.
3) A flaw or defect in a jewel.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Moveable, loco-motive. n.
(-saṃ) A wood, a forest. E. tras to go, affix ac or ādhāre ghañarthe ka .
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(-saḥ) 1. Fear, terror. 2. A flaw or defect in a jewel. E. tras to fear, affix bhāve ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trasa (त्रस).—[tras + a], n. (moving) Living creatures, [Matsyopākhyāna] 29.
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Trāsa (त्रास).—i. e. tras + a, I. adj. Moveable, Mahābhārata 7, 9476. Ii. m. 1. Fear, terror, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 17. 2. Frightening, [Hitopadeśa] 27, 15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Trasa (त्रस).—[adjective] movable, moving; [neuter] what moves or lives, beasts and men.
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Trāsa (त्रास).—[masculine] terror, fright.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Trasa (त्रस):—[from tras] mfn. moving
2) [v.s. ...] n. the collective body of moving or living beings (opposed to sthāvara), [Mahābhārata xii f.; Jaina literature]
3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘quivering’, the heart, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] n. a wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Trāsa (त्रास):—m. [from] √2. tras fear, terror, anxiety, [Mahābhārata] etc.
6) a flaw in a jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) Adj. was sich bewegt ; n. das Bewegliche , Lebendige , die Thiere , Thiere und Menschen. —
2) *m. das Herz. —
3) *n. Wald.
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1) Adj. [Mahābhārata 7,9476] fehlerhaft für trasa. —
2) m. — a) Schreck , Angst. In Comp. mit dem der in Angst geräth und auch mit dem vor dem , wovor man Angst hat. — b) *ein Fehler in einem Edelstein.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Trāsa (त्रास) [Also spelled tras]:—(nf) fear, fright, scare, terror, dread; ~[ka/kara/kārī] fearful; frightening, frightful, terrifying.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+3): Trasabhuta, Trasacchidra, Trasachchhidra, Trasadashva, Trasadasyava, Trasadasyu, Trasadayin, Trasaddasya, Trasaddasyu, Trasadi, Trasaghata, Trasajiva, Trasaka, Trasakara, Trasakrit, Trasana, Trasanadi, Trasanem, Trasani, Trasaniya.
Ends with (+5): Abhitrasa, Andatrasa, Anuttrasa, Atrasa, Bhujangatrasa, Devatrasa, Dolyaca Trasa, Dolyaca-trasa, Jalasamtrasa, Jalatrasa, Kritantasamtrasa, Kshetrasa, Nitrasa, Paritrasa, Pratrasa, Proshitatrasa, Sambhutasamtrasa, Samtrasa, Santrasa, Satrasa.
Full-text (+42): Trasakara, Trasadayin, Trasareṇu, Vitrasa, Trasin, Jalatrasa, Atrasa, Uttrasa, Trasadasyu, Trasadasyava, Tras, Vyabhicaribhava, Trasakrit, Shushmanta, Trasanem, Abhitrasa, Dolyaca-trasa, D, Andatrasa, Atrasnu.
Search found 14 books and stories containing Trasa, Trāsa; (plurals include: Trasas, Trāsas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Tattva 3: Puṇya (merit) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Tattva 1: Jīva (soul) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.202 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.63 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.58 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter IV.d - The classifications of the Jīva < [Chapter IV - The concept of Self]
Chapter III.d - Division of jaina categories or substances < [Chapter III - Categories]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Acit or Primeval Matter: the Prakṛti and its modifications < [Chapter XIX - The Philosophy of Yāmunācārya]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)