Trasa, Trāsa: 26 definitions


Trasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Trāsa (त्रास, “fear”):—One of the five ordinary defects (sādhāraṇa-doṣa) of the precious stones (ratna) according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit work on the subject of rasaśāstra, or medicinal alchemy). This defect (doṣa) is also referring to ‘two different colours’ or ‘discolouration’ or ‘presence of grains’.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Trāsa (त्रास, “fright”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Natya Shastra

Trāsa (त्रास, “fright”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as flash of lightning, a meteor, thunder, earthquake, clouds, crying or howling of big animals and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as, shaking of narrow limbs, tremor [of the body], paralysis, horripilation, speaking with a choked voice, talking irrelevantly, and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Trāsa (त्रास) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of trāsa-bhāva is XIII.59.—Here we can observe how Dhṛtarāṣṭra gets irritated as well as frightened on listening to the strange and inauspicious crying of crows and jackals at the residence of his sons. The sense of Trāsa due to irritation and fear can be seen in Dhṛtarāṣṭra

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Trāsa (त्रास):—Trembling; Fear; Trouble

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Trāsa (त्रास) refers to the “scared”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Hear now the effects of the heliacal rising of Canopus (Agastya), a star sacred to Agastya who suppressed the Vindhya mountains whose soaring heights obstructed the course of the Sun; [...] whose summits appeared to score the starry vault; whose rocks were full of buzzing bees scared [i.e., trāsa] by the violent pulling of flower trees by wild elephants and were also the abodes of hyenas, of bears, of tigers and of monkeys; through which lay the secret course of the Ravi which appeared to embrace its bosom with the affection of a mistress; and in whose forests dwelt the Devas and also Brāhmaṇa recluses, some subsisting on water, some on roots, some on the air and some altogether without food”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Trāsa (त्रास) refers to “being (terribly) frightened”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] O sage, on seeing the innumerable Gaṇas, Bhūtas and Pretas, Menakā was terribly frightened (trāsa-saṃkula) instantaneously. On seeing Śiva in their midst, the mother of Pārvatī trembled. She saw Śiva who though devoid of attributes was better than those who had all the attributes, He was seated on the Bull. He had five faces and three eyes. He had ashes smeared over the body. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Trāsa (त्रास) refers to “fear”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi (verse 24.1-2).—Accordingly, [while describing kāyasiddhi in terms redolent of tapas (i.e., purification and bindu):] “When the accomplishment of [destroying] the [five] impurities [is achieved], as well as the union of the two Bindus, then one should know the body to be perfected and endowed with all good qualities. [Such a Siddha] is free from cold, heat, thirst, fear (trāsa), desire and greed. He has crossed over the ocean of anxiety, disease, fever, suffering and grief”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Trasa (त्रस) or Trasajīva refers to “ movable living things” and represents one of the two types of jīva (“living things”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] Jīvas are known to be of two kinds: immovable (sthāvara) and movable (trasa). In both of these there are two divisions, depending on whether they have faculties to develop (paryāpti) or not. There are six faculties to develop, which are the cause of development: eating food and digesting it, body, senses, breath, speech, and mind. Creatures that have one sense, two to four, or five senses, have respectively four, five, or six faculties. [...] The movable souls [viz, trasa-jīva] are of four kinds: two-, three-, four-, and five-sensed. Among these, the five-sensed are of two kinds: rational (sañjñin) and irrational (asañjñin). The ones that know how to learn, teach, and converse, they are rational. They have mind-vitality.[5] Others are irrational. The skin, tongue, nose, eye, and ear are the five sense-organs of which touch, taste, smell, form, and sound are the province. Worms, conch-shells, earth-worms, leeches, cowries, and oyster-shells having many forms, are considered to have two senses. Lice, bugs, termites, nits, etc., are considered to have three senses. Moths, flies, bees, gnats, etc., are considered to have four senses. The remainder that have animal-birth-nuclei, living in water, on land, or in the air, hell-inhabitants, men, and gods, are all considered five-sensed”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Trasa (त्रस, “mobile”) refers to “mobile bodies” and represents one of saṃsārī, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.12.—The pure soul bonded with karmas is called empirical soul (saṃsārī) and represents a type of Jīva (sentients, souls).

What is the meaning of with mobile bodies (trasa)? The state of empirical souls due to the rise of ‘mobile-physique-making karma’/ trasa-nāmakarma, having more than one type of sense organs (two, three, four and five types of sense organs) and capable of freely moving around are called with mobile bodies. Why are mobile living beings (trasa) venerable? As they can attain the three jewels namely right belief-knowledge and conduct, so they are capable of being venerated.

According to the Tattvārthasūtra 2.14, “the mobile beings are from the two- sensed beings onwards”. What is the meaning of mobile (trasa)? A living being whose present mode /state is due to the rise of trasa physwique-making karma is called trasa. Mobile also means those beings that can move on their own.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Trasa (त्रस) refers to the “mobile body” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by mobile body (trasa) body-making karma? The rise of these karmas causes a living being to be born with two, three, four or five sense organs are called mobile body-making karmas.

The opposite-pair of trasa (mobile body) is sthāvara (stationery body).

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Trasa (त्रस) or Trasatā refers to a “being with more than one sense”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “In one minute living being there are organisms infinite times the emancipated souls. Thus the entire universe is densely filled with one-sensed beings with no interspace. To become a being with more than one sense (trasatāatas tatra trasatā) is as difficult as finding out a very small piece of diamond buried in the sands of an ocean. Even among these most of them are endowed with imperfect senses (i.e. less than five senses). Hence birth as a five-sensed being is as rare as gratitude among the good qualities. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Trāsa.—(SII 2), flaw in a ruby. Note: trāsa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

trāsa (त्रास).—m (S) Vexation, weariness, sense of annoyance: also disgust, dislike, feeling of loathing. 4 S Fear. trāsa trāsa karaṇēṃ To cry out against oppression. trāsa trāsa dēṇēṃ To oppress greatly.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

trāsa (त्रास).—m Vexation, weariness, sense of annoyance; disgust, dislike, feeling of loathing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—a. [tras-ghañarthe ka] Movable, locomotive.

-saḥ The heart.

-sam 1 A wood, forest.

2) Animals.

3) The aggregate of moving or living beings (liṅgaśarīra); ऋजुः प्रणिहितो गच्छंस्त्रसस्थावरवर्जकः (ṛjuḥ praṇihito gacchaṃstrasasthāvaravarjakaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.9.19.

4) Animals and men.

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Trāsa (त्रास).—a. [tras bhāve ghañ]

1) Movable, moving.

2) Frightening.

-saḥ 1 Fear, terror, alarm; उमापतेश्च तत्कर्म ज्ञात्वा त्रासमुपागमत् (umāpateśca tatkarma jñātvā trāsamupāgamat) Rām.7.87.17; अन्तः कञ्चुकिकञ्चुकस्य विशति त्रासादयं वामनः (antaḥ kañcukikañcukasya viśati trāsādayaṃ vāmanaḥ) Ratnāvalī 2.3; R.2.38;9.58.

2) Alarming, frightening.

3) A flaw or defect in a jewel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Moveable, loco-motive. n.

(-saṃ) A wood, a forest. E. tras to go, affix ac or ādhāre ghañarthe ka .

--- OR ---

Trāsa (त्रास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. Fear, terror. 2. A flaw or defect in a jewel. E. tras to fear, affix bhāve ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—[tras + a], n. (moving) Living creatures, [Matsyopākhyāna] 29.

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Trāsa (त्रास).—i. e. tras + a, I. adj. Moveable, Mahābhārata 7, 9476. Ii. m. 1. Fear, terror, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 50, 17. 2. Frightening, [Hitopadeśa] 27, 15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trasa (त्रस).—[adjective] movable, moving; [neuter] what moves or lives, beasts and men.

--- OR ---

Trāsa (त्रास).—[masculine] terror, fright.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trasa (त्रस):—[from tras] mfn. moving

2) [v.s. ...] n. the collective body of moving or living beings (opposed to sthāvara), [Mahābhārata xii f.; Jaina literature]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘quivering’, the heart, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] n. a wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Trāsa (त्रास):—m. [from] √2. tras fear, terror, anxiety, [Mahābhārata] etc.

6) a flaw in a jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trasa (त्रस):—[(saḥ-sā-saṃ) a.] Moveable. n. A wood.

2) Trāsa (त्रास):—(saḥ) 1. m. Fear, terror; defect or flaw in a jewel.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Trasa (त्रस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Tasa, Tāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Trasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Trāsa (त्रास) [Also spelled tras]:—(nf) fear, fright, scare, terror, dread; ~[ka/kara/kārī] fearful; frightening, frightful, terrifying.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Trasa (ತ್ರಸ):—[adjective] moving or capable of moving or being moved, from place to place; mobile.

--- OR ---

Trasa (ತ್ರಸ):—

1) [noun] that which moves from one place to another.

2) [noun] any of living beings of lower order, as worms, insects, etc.

3) [noun] a vast tract of land covered with uncultivated, thick vegetation as trees, shrubs, under shrubs, etc.; a forest.

--- OR ---

Trāsa (ತ್ರಾಸ):—

1) [noun] the condition of being difficult, tiresome; difficulty.

2) [noun] an anxious feeling; dread; apprehension.

3) [noun] the act of annoying or being annoyed; annoyance; an annoying condition.

4) [noun] a frightening.

5) [noun] the act, process or an instance of moving; movement.

6) [noun] (rhet.) the condition of being frightened, as one of the sentiments.

7) [noun] any defect that renders a gem valueless.

8) [noun] ತ್ರಾಸತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳು [trasategedukollu]=ತ್ರಾಸಗೊಳ್ಳು [trasagollu].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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