Pratuda: 7 definitions

Introduction

Pratuda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Pratuda (पण्डविक) is the Sanskrit name for a group of animals referring to “packer birds”, or, “animals who eat while striking”, the meat of which is used as a medicinal substance. Pratuda is a sub-group of Māṃsavarga (“group of meat”). It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. They were originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII.

The Pratuda group contains the following animals:

  1. Śatapatra (woodpecker),
  2. Bhṛṅgarāja (false daisy),
  3. Koyaṣṭi (lapwing),
  4. Jīvañjīvaka (common myna),
  5. Kairāta (bucther’s bird),
  6. Kokila (kind of bird),
  7. Atyūha (bulbul),
  8. Gopāputra (cow-bird),
  9. Priyātmaja (babbler),
  10. Laṭṭā (scarlet minivet),
  11. Laṭṭaṣaka (minivet),
  12. Babhru (large brown mongoose),
  13. Vaṭahā (tree pie),
  14. Diṇḍimānaka (toucan),
  15. Jaṭī (kind of animal),
  16. Dundubhi (hornbill),
  17. Pākkāra (green barbet),
  18. Lohapṛṣṭha (king fisher),
  19. Kuliṅgaka (sparrow),
  20. Kapota (pigeon/dove),
  21. Śuka (parrot or green parakeet),
  22. Sāraṅga (large Indian parakeet),
  23. Ciraṭī (window bird),
  24. Kaṅku (blossom headed parakeet),
  25. Yaṣṭika (sun bird),
  26. Śārikā (shama thrush),
  27. Kalaviṅka (house sparrow),
  28. Caṭaka (tree sparrow),
  29. Aṅgaracūḍaka (free crested wren),
  30. Pārāvata (pigeon),
  31. Paṇḍavika (white pigeon),
Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Birds such as

  • the dove,
  • pigeon,
  • Bhringarāja,
  • cuckoo,
  • Koyashtica,
  • Kulinga,
  • the domestic Kulinga,
  • Gokshada,
  • Dindimānaka,
  • Shatapatraka,
  • Mātrinindaka,
  • Bhedāshi,
  • Shuka,
  • Shārikā,
  • Valguli,
  • Girisha,
  • Alahva,
  • Dushaka,
  • Sugrihi,
  • Khanjaritaka,
  • Hārita,
  • Dātyuha, etc.

belong to the group known as the Pratuda.

The Pratudas live on fruit, and their flesh has a sweet and astringent taste. It generates Vāyu and produces a parched condition in the organism. It is cooling in its potency and reduces the Pittam and Kapham. It suppresses the discharge of urine and reduces the quantity of stool.

The Pratuda is a sub-group of the Jāṅghala group (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of pratuda in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratuda (प्रतुद).—

1) An epithet of a class of birds (such as hawks, parrots, crows &c.); Ms.5.13; हारितो धवलः पाण्डुश्चित्रपक्षो बृहच्छुकः । पारावतः खञ्जरीटः पिकाद्याः प्रतुदाः स्मृताः ॥ प्रतुद्य भक्षयन्त्येते तुण्डेन प्रतुदास्ततः (hārito dhavalaḥ pāṇḍuścitrapakṣo bṛhacchukaḥ | pārāvataḥ khañjarīṭaḥ pikādyāḥ pratudāḥ smṛtāḥ || pratudya bhakṣayantyete tuṇḍena pratudāstataḥ)

2) An instrument for pricking.

Derivable forms: pratudaḥ (प्रतुदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratuda (प्रतुद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. A bird of game, a falcon, a hawk, or rather one that kills or strikes with his beak, including also the owl, parrot, crow, raven, peacock, &c. 2. An instrument for pricking. E. pra before, tud to torment, (with the beak,) and ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratuda (प्रतुद).—[pra-tud + a], m. A bird of game, one that kills with his beak, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratuda (प्रतुद).—[masculine] pecker (a kind of bird).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratuda (प्रतुद):—[=pra-tuda] [from pra-tud] m. idem, Gaut, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] an instrument for piercing, [Suśruta]

3) Prātuda (प्रातुद):—[=prā-tuda] [from prā] a mfn. derived from the Pratudas or peckers (a kind of bird), [Caraka]

4) b prātṛda etc. See under 3. prā, p. 702, col. 1.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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