Prata, Prāta: 9 definitions


Prata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prāta (प्रात).—A son of Puṣpārṇa and Prabhā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 13. 13.

1b) Morning; born of Dhātri and Rākā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 18. 3.

1c) A Rākṣasa with the sun in āvaṇi and puraṭṭaśi (Sep-Oct.).*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 52. 10.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Srimatham: History of Dharmaśāstra

Prāta (प्रात) (or Udaya) refers to “sunrise”.—The day (of 12 hours) was often divided into five parts, viz. prāta or udaya (sunrise), saṅgava, mādhyandina or madhyahna (mid-day), aparahna (afternoon) and sāyāhna or astagamana or sāya (evening). Each of these five parts of day time will be equal to three muhūrtas. In some smṛtis and Purānas these five parts are mentioned and defined; e.g. in the Prajāpati-smṛti, vv.156157, Matsya Purāṇa 22.82-84, 124.88-90, Vayu 50.170-174.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Prāta (प्रात) (Cf. Prāpya) refers to “having come”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Having abandoned the tree, as the birds go in the early morning (prāta), in like manner the embodied souls continually go somewhere depending on their own karma”.

Synonyms: Prabhāta, Pratyūṣa.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prata (प्रत).—f A copy (throughout its applications in English); viz. a transcript from the original; an individual book, one of many books; autograph, original, archetype, that from which a copy is taken; a picture drawn from another picture. 2 Used frequently merely in the sense of Book. 3 A specimen, sample, pattern. Ex. hyā pratīcī sākhara āṇīta jā; tyā pratīcīṃ pāgōṭīṃ majapāsīṃ dāhā ā- hēta. 4 A set or class; an order or a grade; a lot or parcel; an assemblage of bodies of the same grade of excellence. Ex. āmbyācyā cāra pratī kēlyā āhēta; dakṣiṇēcyā tīna pratī kēlyā. 5 The largest or richest lot of the lots into which the presents made on festive occasions are put up:--given to the most honorable of the guests. 6 (prati S) A particle implying direction or designation (to, towards, upon &c.) Ex tō grāmāprata gēlā āhē; rājā pradhānāprata bōlatō; gharāprata tīna tīna rūpayē dilhē. 7 A preposition noting the reached or attained state of the matter signified by the noun which it governs; corresponding therefore with At. Ex. hī vāṭa sampūna āmhī gharāprata hōūṃ tēvhāñcyā sāṛyā gōṣṭī. pratīcā Of the same class, kind, stamp, mould.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prata (प्रत).—f A copy. A specimen, sample. The largest or richest lot or lots into which the presents made on festive occasions are put up:-given to the most honourable of the guests. A particle implying direction or desi- gnation (to, towards, upon &c.). Ex. tō grāmāprata gēlā āhē. gharāprata tīna tīna rupayē dilhē..

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prata (प्रत).—4 P.

1) To become exhausted of fatigued, faint.

2) To lose the breath, be beside oneself.

Derivable forms: pratam (प्रतम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāta (प्रात):—[from prā] a mfn. idem, [Ṛg-veda]

2) b See √prā, p. 701, col. 3.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prāta (प्रात):—(nm and ind) early (in the) morning, (at) dawn; ~[karma/kṛtya] morning chores, essential chores performed in the morning; ~[kāla] early (in the) morning; ~[kālika/kālīna] pertaining to, or performed in, the morning, of early morning; ~[smaraṇa] remembering, or reciting the name of God in the morning prayer; ~[smaraṇīya] worthy of being remembered every morning; revered.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prāta (ಪ್ರಾತ):—[noun] the early part of the day; dawn; day break.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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