Prashnika, Prāśnika: 8 definitions

Introduction

Prashnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Prāśnika can be transliterated into English as Prasnika or Prashnika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (P) next»] — Prashnika in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prāśnika (प्राश्निक).—Brahmā as, in the fights of Madhu and Kaitabha and Viṣṇu and Jiṣṇu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 25. 41.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Prāśnika (प्राश्निक, “assessor”).—If there be any controversy (saṃgharṣa) about the performance of individual actors, the following are the assessors (prāśnika):

  1. an expert in sacrifice (yajñavid),
  2. an actor (nartaka),
  3. a prosodist (chandovid),
  4. a grammarian (śabdavid),
  5. a king (rājan),
  6. an archer (astravid),
  7. painter (citrakṛt),
  8. a courtezan (veśyā),
  9. a musician (gandharva),
  10. a king’s officer (rājasevaka).

When there is a controversy about the performance among the persons ignorant of the Nāṭya-śāstra, they are to point out justly the faults as well as the merits of individual actors. Then they will be known as assessors (prāśnika). When there occurs any learned controversy about the knowledge of the Śāstra the decision should be made on the testimony of the books (lit. śāstra).

Assessors (prāśnika) should neither be too near the stage (raṅgapīṭha or raṅgaśīrṣa) nor too far from it. Their seats (āsana) should be at a distance of twelve cubits (six yards) from it. They are to notice the points of the success (siddhi) mentioned before, as well as blemishes (ghāta) which may occur during the production of a drama (nāṭaka).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prashnika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prāśnika (प्राश्निक).—a S Relating to omens, portents, pro- gnostics. 2 Skilful at interpreting signs and appearances.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Prashnika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāśnika (प्राश्निक).—a. Containing questions.

-kaḥ 1 An examiner.

2) An umpire, an arbitrator, a judge; विनिर्वत्य रणोत्साहं मुहूर्तं प्राश्निको भव (vinirvatya raṇotsāhaṃ muhūrtaṃ prāśniko bhava) Rām.3.27.4; Bhāg.1.61.33; अहो प्रयोगाभ्यन्तरः प्राश्निकः (aho prayogābhyantaraḥ prāśnikaḥ) M.2; तद्भगवत्या प्राश्निकपदमध्या- सितव्यम् (tadbhagavatyā prāśnikapadamadhyā- sitavyam) M.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prāśnika (प्राश्निक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. An assistant at a spectacle or assembly. 2. An inquirer, an asker. E. praśna a question, aff. ṭhak.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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