Pradipa, Pradīpa, Pradīpā: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Pradipa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Pradeep.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pradīpa (प्रदीप).—Popular name of the famous commentary on the Mahabhasya of Patanjali written by the reputed grammarian Kaiyata in the eleventh century A. D. The cornmentary is a very scholarly and critical one and really does justice to the well-known compliment given to it, viz. that the Pradipa has kept the Mahabhasya alive which otherwise would have remained unintelligible and consequently become lost. The commentary प्रदीप (pradīpa) is based on the commentary महाभाष्यदीपिका (mahābhāṣyadīpikā),or प्रदीपिका (pradīpikā) written by Bhartrhari, which is available at present only in a fragmentary form. The Pradipa is to this day looked upon as the single commentary on the Mahabhasya in spite of the presence of a few other commentaries on it which are all thrown into the back-ground by it.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pradīpā (प्रदीपा) refers to a “lamp”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] As is the night without a lamp [i.e., pradīpāapradīpā] and the sky without the sun, so is a prince without a Jyotiṣaka and he gropes his way in the dark. If there were no Jyotiṣakas, the muhūrtas, the tithis, the nakṣatras, the ṛtus and the āyanas would go wrong”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) refers to a “lamp”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.8.—Accordingly, Himavat said to Nārada:—“[...] The supreme Brahman is great and imperishable. It is like the streak of a lamp [i.e., pradīpa-kalikā-upama]. It is termed Sadāśiva. It is without aberration. It is beyond Brahmā. It is both full and devoid of qualities. It has no special traits, no desires. It sees within and not without. O sage, from the Kinnaras who come here, such are the things heard about Him. Can it be untrue?”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) refers to the “lamp (of the Dharma)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “[...] Having praised him thus, they said to Mahākāśyapa: ‘O venerable Kāśyapa! Do you know, O Śākya, the ship of the Dharma (dharmanāva) is broken. The citadel of the Dharma (dharmanagara) is crumbling. The ocean of the Dharma (dharmadhārā) is drying up. The standard of the Dharma (darmapatākā) is being turned upside down. The lamp of the Dharma (dharma-pradīpa) is about to be extinguished. Those who proclaim the Dharma are about to leave. Those who practice the Path are becoming more and more rare. The power of the wicked is ever growing. In your great loving-kindness, it is necessary to found solidly the Buddhadharma’. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) refers to the “shining (of the sun)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Bodhisattva Gaganagañja explains to Bodhisattva Ratnaśrī what kind of concentration should be purified: “[...] (22) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Being endowed with shooting star’ they will overcome all habitual tendencies; (23) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Sunshine’ (sūrya-pradīpa), there will be no darkness; (24) [when the Bodhisattvas attain] the concentration called ‘Turning of the sun’, they will look at the thoughts of all living beings; [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) refers to “(ghee) lamps” (suitable for an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering of the root spell], “[...] Having enchanted mustard seeds and fruits one by one, the Nāga image should be hit. Four ghee lamps (ghṛta-pradīpa) should be offered. They should be placed for the Nāgas. The one invited will approach. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) refers to the “(five) lamps”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “In front, above that, (arising from) the letter Yaṃ, is an air mandala, Above that, (arising from) the letter Raṃ, is a fire mandala, (and) above (that) a triangle marked red Ra, three shaved heads, and a lotus vessel, Behold the the five ambrosia and five lamps (pañcan-pradīpa), distributed, etc., therein, Arising from the letters Buṃ Āṃ Jiṃ Khaṃ Hūṃ Lāṃ Māṃ Pāṃ Tāṃ Vaṃ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप).—

1) A lamp, light (fig. also); अतैलपूराः सुरतप्रदीपाः (atailapūrāḥ suratapradīpāḥ) Kumārasambhava 1.1; R.2.24;16.4; कुलप्रदीपो नृपतिर्दिलीपः (kulapradīpo nṛpatirdilīpaḥ) R.6.74 'light or ornament of the family'; 7.29; एते प्रदीपकल्पाः परस्परविलक्षणा (ete pradīpakalpāḥ parasparavilakṣaṇā) Sāṃkhyakārikā 36.

2) That which enlightens or elucidates, elucidation; especially at the end of titles of works; as in महाभाष्यप्रदीपः, काव्यप्रदीपः (mahābhāṣyapradīpaḥ, kāvyapradīpaḥ) &c.

Derivable forms: pradīpaḥ (प्रदीपः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप).—(1) name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu iii.230.12; (2) name of a serpent king (compare next): (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.25.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. A lamp. 2. Elucidation, (at the end of titles of works.) E. pra before, dīp to shine, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप).—[pra-dīp + a], m. 1. A lamp, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 167, M.M. 2. Splendour, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 7, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप).—[masculine] lamp, light ([figuratively] = ornament); explanation, commentary.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Pradīpa (प्रदीप) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in grammar. See Dhātupradīpa, Mahābhāṣyapradīpa, Mugdhabodhapradīpa.

2) Pradīpa (प्रदीप):—in dharma. See Ācārapradīpa, Kṛtyapradīpa, Danapradīpa, Prayogapradīpa, Prāyaścittapradīpa, Vyavahārapradīpa, Śuddhipradīpa, Saṃvatsarapradīpa, Samayapradīpa, Sampradāyapradīpa.

3) Pradīpa (प्रदीप):—[dharma] by Draviḍa. Quoted by Śrīdharasvāmin Oxf. 286^a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pradīpa (प्रदीप):—[=pra-dīpa] [from pra-dīp] m. a light, lamp, lantern, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (often ifc. ‘the light id est. the glory or ornament of’ e.g. kula-pr q.v.; also in titles of explanatory works = elucidation, explanation, e.g. mahābhāṣya-pr)

2) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप):—[pra-dīpa] (paḥ) 1. m. A lamp.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paīva, Padīva, Palīva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pradipa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradipa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pradīpa (प्रदीप) [Also spelled pradeep]:—(nm) a lamp; an instrument of illumination (as [kāvya pradīpa]); one who achieves distinction/reputation for (as [kula-pradīpa]); ~[na] illumination; causing light/glow, illuminating.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pradīpa (ಪ್ರದೀಪ):—

1) [noun] any device used for producing light; a lamp; a lantern.

2) [noun] (fig.) a becoming more, plentiful, prosperous, etc.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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