Nishi, Niśi, Nisi°: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Nishi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Niśi can be transliterated into English as Nisi or Nishi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Nushi.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Niśi (निशि) refers to the “night”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If, as some say, there be two Rāhus, when the moon is eclipsed by one of them at rising or setting how comes it we see the sun in the opposite point uneclipsed by the other Rāhu of equal motion? The truth is that in her own eclipse, the moon enters the shadow of the earth, and in that of the sun, the solar disc. Hence, the lunar eclipse does not commence at the western limb nor the solar at the eastern limb. Just as the shadow of a tree neither continues in the same direction nor of the same length, so changes the shadow of the earth, night after night [i.e., niśi] owing to the revolution of the sun”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Niśi (निशि) refers to the “night”, as mentioned in verse 5.29-31 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Of sour digestion and taste, constipating, heavy, (and) warming (are) curds [viz., dadhi]; Never shall one take them at night [viz., niśi], never warm, (and) not in spring, summer, and autumn (in any other season) not without mung-bean soup nor without honey nor without ghee and sugar nor without emblic myrobalans, also not continuously and not slightly unfinished”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Niśi (निशि) refers to a “night”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Earth, Water, and Fire as well as Wind and Space—these are the five great sacred seats that give rise to Day and Night [i.e., divā-niśi]. (The seat named after) the syllable OṂ is the Earth Principle. Water is the venerable Pūrṇagiryaka. The Fire Principle is called Jāla. Wind is the venerable Kāmarūpaka. Space is said to be Tisra. The seats that have arisen from the Kula (the matrix of energies) are five. [...] Fire is above. Water is below. Slanted (to the side) above is Wind. Earth, in the middle, is the immobile Vidyā and Space is everywhere”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples and cult of Sri Rama in Tamilnadu (h)

Nisi or Adhayama refers to the time at “night” (at about 9 PM).—Offering of water and food or tirtham and prasadam to the deities on the different occasions or specified hours of the day is an important item in the daily pujas. [...] While for the daily routine, only ordinary plain rice was offered, special food preparations were offered often on festival days. [...] The time meant for the daily rituals in Hindu temples are performed [for example, during Nisi].

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Niśi (निशि):—[from niś] 1. niśi [locative case] of niś, in [compound]

2) [=ni-śi] 2. ni-√śi (for 1. See p.560) [Parasmaipada] -śiśāti ([Ātmanepada] p. -śiśāna), to sharpen, whet;

2) —to excite, strengthen;—prepare or present (food etc.) for strengthening, [Ṛg-veda] (cf. ni-śo).

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Niśi (निशि) [Also spelled nushi]:—(nf) night; ~[kara] the moon; ~[cara] a demon, evil spirit; ~[dina] day and night; ~[vāsara] see ~[dina].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Niśi (ನಿಶಿ):—

1) [noun] the period of darkness between sunset and sunrise or actual period of darkness after the sunset and before the sunrise; night.

2) [noun] the quality or fact of being dark; blackness.

3) [noun] a person of black complexion or a thing that is black.

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Niśi (ನಿಶಿ):—[adverb] along with; together with.

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Nisi (ನಿಸಿ):—[noun] = ನಿಸೆ [nise].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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