Nirvinna, Nirviṇṇa, Nirviṇṇā: 13 definitions


Nirvinna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nirvinna in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण) refers to a “dejected (mind)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as Menā said to Himavat (Himācala): “O lord of mountains, please listen to my words conducive to happiness. Please consult important devotees of Śiva regarding what has been mentioned by the Brahmin. Many disparaging remarks about Śiva have been made by this Brahminical devotee of Viṣṇu. O lord of mountains, on hearing these words, my mind is very much dejected (nirviṇṇa). [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nirviṇṇā (निर्विण्णा) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nirviṇṇā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण) refers to “becoming disgusted (with the world)”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 35.—Accordingly, [while discussing the ten notions (daśasaṃjñā)]: “[...] Others say that the ten and the nine notions are equally detachment and, together, nirvāṇa. Why? [...] 9. When, by using the nine notions, the yogin becomes disgusted with the world (loka-nirviṇṇa) and knows that the destruction of the five aggregates and the fact that they will not re-arise constitutes abiding and salvation, there is nirodhasaṃjñā, the notion of suppression, [the tenth of the ten notions]. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण).—p S Wearied, tired. 2 fig. Wearied with, disgusted with, loathing, nauseating.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण).—p Wearied. Disgusted with.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण).—p. p.

1) Despondent, depressed; निर्विण्णः शुचमेति (nirviṇṇaḥ śucameti) Mṛcchakaṭika 1.14.

2) Overcome with fear or sorrow.

3) Emaciated with grief.

4) Abused, degraded.

5) Disgusted with anything; मत्स्याशनस्य निर्विण्णः (matsyāśanasya nirviṇṇaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.

6) Impaired, decayed.

7) Humble, modest.

8) Known, certain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण).—mfn.

(-ṇṇaḥ-ṇṇā-ṇṇaṃ) 1. Desponding, overcome with fear or sorrow. 2. Humble. 3. Abused, degraded. 4. Fallen away, emaciate with grief. 5. Decayed, impaired. 6. Certain. 7. Disgusted with anything. E. nir private, vid to know, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण).—[adjective] despondent, depressed; disgusted with, weary of ([ablative], [genetive], [locative], or —°); anirviṇacetas [adjective] having an undesponding heart, constant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण):—[=nir-viṇṇa] [from nir-vid] mfn. (wrongly -vinna; cf. [Pāṇini 8-4, 29], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]) despondent, depressed, sorrowful, afraid, loathing, disgusted with ([ablative] [instrumental case] [genitive case] [locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] [Purāṇa]etc.

3) [v.s. ...] abused, degraded, humble, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] known, certain, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण):—[nir-viṇṇa] (ṇṇaḥ-ṇṇā-ṇṇaṃ) a. Desponding, overcome with fear; humble.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirviṇṇa (निर्विण्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivviṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirvinna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirviṇṇa (ನಿರ್ವಿಣ್ಣ):—[adjective] filled with despondency; dejected; despondent.

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Nirviṇṇa (ನಿರ್ವಿಣ್ಣ):—

1) [noun] = ನಿರ್ವಿಣ್ಣತೆ - [nirvinnate -]12) [noun] a person who is dejected; a despondent man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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