Nigraha, aka: Nigrāha; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Nigraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nigraha (निग्रह, “arrest”).—One of the two ways of working the tāna in the string (tantrī):—The arrest (nigraha) is non-touching, i.e., not touching the madhyama note. The mūrchanā is indicated by the Madhyama note of the vīṇā, because it is constant (anāśī. lit. not perishable).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
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context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geogprahy

Nigraha.—(EI 27), ‘reducer’. Cf. also koṭṭa-nigraha. Note: nigraha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Nigraha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [N] · next »

nigraha (निग्रह).—m (S) Restraint or repression; binding, confining, holding fast. 2 Determinedness, firmness, tenacity (of purpose or opinion). 3 Capture, seizure, arrest.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nigraha (निग्रह).—m Restraint or repression; bind- ing, confining. Determinedness, firmness, tenacity. Capture, seizure, arrest.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nigraha (निग्रह).—1 Keeping in check, restraint, curbing, subjection; as in इन्द्रियनिग्रह (indriyanigraha) Ms.6.92; Y.1.222; Bh.1.66; चञ्चलं मनः (cañcalaṃ manaḥ)...... तस्याहं निग्रहं मन्ये वायोरिव सुदुष्करम् (tasyāhaṃ nigrahaṃ manye vāyoriva suduṣkaram) Bg.6.34; तस्य ता वपुषाक्षिप्ता निग्रहार्थं जजृम्भिरे (tasya tā vapuṣākṣiptā nigrahārthaṃ jajṛmbhire) Bu. Ch.4.6.

2) Suppression, obstruction, putting down; तथेन्द्रियाणां दह्यन्ते दोषाः प्राणस्य निग्रहात् (tathendriyāṇāṃ dahyante doṣāḥ prāṇasya nigrahāt) Ms.6.71.

3) Overtaking, capturing, arresting; त्वन्निग्रहे तु वरगात्रि न मे प्रयत्नः (tvannigrahe tu varagātri na me prayatnaḥ) Mk.1. 22; Śi.2.88.

4) Confinement, imprisonment.

5) Defeat, overthrow, vanquishing.

6) Dispelling, destruction, removing; दिनमुखानि रविर्हिमनिग्रहैर्विमलयन् मलयं नगम- त्यजत् (dinamukhāni ravirhimanigrahairvimalayan malayaṃ nagama- tyajat) R.9.25;15.6; Ku.5.53.

7) Arresting of disease, cure.

8) Punishment (opp. anugraha) निग्राहानु- ग्रहस्य कर्ता (nigrāhānu- grahasya kartā) Pt.1; निग्रहोऽप्ययमनुग्रहीकृतः (nigraho'pyayamanugrahīkṛtaḥ) R.11.9,55;12. 52,63.

9) Rebuke, reprimand, blame.

1) Aversion, dislike, disgust.

11) (In Nyāya phil.) A flaw in an argument, a fault in a syllogism (by which a disputant is put down in argument); cf. Mu.5.1.

12) A handle.

13) A limit, boundary.

14) The Supreme Being.

15) Transgressing (atilaṅghana); निग्रहाद्धर्मशास्त्राणा- मनुरुद्ध्यन्नपेतभीः (nigrahāddharmaśāstrāṇā- manuruddhyannapetabhīḥ) Mb.12.24.13.

Derivable forms: nigrahaḥ (निग्रहः).

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Nigrāha (निग्राह).—

1) Punishment.

2) An imprecation; as in निग्राहस्ते भूयात् (nigrāhaste bhūyāt) 'confusion seize thee !'; Bk.7.43.

Derivable forms: nigrāhaḥ (निग्राहः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nigraha (निग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) 1. Aversion, disfavour, discouragement, dislike. 2. Abusing. 3. Binding, confinement, capture, arrest, 4. A binding, a tie. 5. Restraint, subjection. 6. Suppression, putting down. 7. A boundary, a limit. 8. Administering medicine. 9. Killing. 10. A name of Krishna. 11. Removing. 12. A flaw in an argument. 13. A handle. E. ni before, grah to take or seize, affix ap.

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Nigrāha (निग्राह).—m.

(-haḥ) Aversion, &c. used as an imprecation, as, nigrāhaste bhūyāt confusion seize you, &c. E. ni before, grah to seize, affix ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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