Nicaya, Nicāya: 17 definitions


Nicaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nichaya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nicaya (निचय) refers to “endowed with every feature” (of beauty), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Śiva permitted Pārvatī to stay by his side: “[...] In the course of his penance sometimes the lord of the goblins thought about her as free from attachment. But as she was in her physical form. He did not take her as His wife though she was near Him, though she was endowed with every feature of beauty [i.e., mahālāvaṇya-nicaya], though she was capable of deluding even the sages. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Nicaya (निचय) refers to a “heap” (of mountain snow), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.19cd-26, while instructing to visualize Sadāśiva in order to worship the formless Amṛteśa]—“[He] resembles the swelling moon, a heap of mountain snow (himādri-nicaya-upama). Five-faced, large-eyed, ten-armed, [and] three-armed, [he] has a serpent as a sacred thread. He is covered in a garment made of tiger skin. [He] sits in the bound lotus pose atop a white lotus, [holding] a trident, blue lotus, arrow, rudrākṣa, [and] a mallet. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Nicaya (निचय) refers to “having heaped up (religious merit)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “The Vājas are of five kinds. Their descriptions are given separately. [...] Mahārāvaṇa, the king of Vājas, is that in whose tail and feathers are to be found marks like the Aśvatha or pipal leaf. Only one who has heaped up (nicaya) much religious merit becomes the possessor of such a pleasure-giving bird. It is called Mahārāvaṇa because it makes other birds cry in fear on its approach”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nicaya : (m.) accumulation; heaping up.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nicaya, (Sk. nicaya, ni+caya, cp. nicita) heaping up, accumulation; wealth, provisions S. I, 93, 97; Vin. V, 172 (°sannidhi). See also necayika. (Page 355)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nicaya (निचय).—

1) A collection, heap, multitude; निचय इवाम्बुमुचां नगाधिराजः (nicaya ivāmbumucāṃ nagādhirājaḥ) (dadṛśe) Kirātārjunīya 4.37.

2) Store, stock, provisions; as षण्मासनिचयः (ṣaṇmāsanicayaḥ) Manusmṛti 6.18; सर्वे क्षयान्ता निचयाः (sarve kṣayāntā nicayāḥ) Rām.7.52.11.

3) An assemblage of parts consisting a whole; as in शरीरनिचयः (śarīranicayaḥ)

4) Certainty.

Derivable forms: nicayaḥ (निचयः).

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Nicāya (निचाय).—A heap.

Derivable forms: nicāyaḥ (निचायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nicaya (निचय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Heap, assemblage, collection. 2. Certainty. 3. An assemblage of parts constituting a whole. E. ni before, ci to collect, affix bhāve ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nicaya (निचय).—i. e. ni-ci + a, m. 1. Heaping, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 77, 22. 2. Collection, Mahābhārata 15, 205. 3. Heap, multitude, 4, 30. 4. Provision. 11, 48. 5. The parts (of a whole), 15, 5416.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nicaya (निचय).—[masculine] heaping or piling up, heap, multitude, accumulation, provisions.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nicaya (निचय):—[=ni-caya] a etc. See under 1. ni-ci below.

2) [=ni-caya] [from ni-ci] b m. piling up, heaping up, heap, mass, quantity, store, provisions (cf. alpa-n, ṣaṇ-māsa-n)

3) [v.s. ...] collection, multitude, assemblage (rarely of living beings cf. vadhū-n), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) Nicāya (निचाय):—[=ni-cāya] [from ni-ci] m. a heap (as a measure), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc. 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nicaya (निचय):—[ni-caya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Heap, collection.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nicaya (निचय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇicaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nicaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nicaya (निचय) [Also spelled nichay]:—(nm) accumulation, collection; a digest.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ṇicaya (णिचय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nicaya.

2) Ṇicaya (णिचय) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Nicaya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nicaya (ನಿಚಯ):—[noun] a large number of persons, things, animals etc. gathered together at a place; a crowd; an assemblage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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