Nica, Nīca: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Nica means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nicha.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nīca (नीच, “low”) refers to one of six “ornaments”, or ‘figures of speech’ (alaṃkāra). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six ornaments are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

These ornaments dictate the type of recitation, eg. nīca and druta should be used in the Terrible and the Odious sentiment.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Nīca (नीच, “low”).—One of the six alaṃkāras;—(Uses:) The low note proceeds from the chest register, but has a very low pitch (mandra-tara) sound; it is to be used in natural speaking, sickness, weariness due to austerities and walking a distance, panic, falling down, fainting and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nīca (नीच).—A term used for the grave accent or for the vowel, accented grave; cf. स्वरितयोर्मध्ये यत्र नीचं स्यात् (svaritayormadhye yatra nīcaṃ syāt) T. Pr. XIX. 1. उन्नीचे मे नीचमुच्चात् (unnīce me nīcamuccāt) R. T. 54, 55 cf. also V. Pr. I. 111.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Nīca (नीच) refers to the Cāṇḍālas (Chandalas), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Sagittarius (Dhanuṣa), ministers, fine horses, the Videhas, the Mallānas, the Pāñcālas, physicians, merchants and persons skilled in the use of destructive weapons will perish. If when in the sign of Capricornus (Makara), fishes, the families of ministers, the Cāṇḍālas [i.e., nīca], skilled magicians, physicians and old soldiers will perish”.

2) Nīca (नीच) refers to “(one who is) mean”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Pūrvabhādrapada will be thieves, shepherds, torturers; wicked, mean (nīca) and deceitful; will possess no virtues; neglect religious rites and will be successful in fight. [...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Nīca (नीच).—Perigee of epicycle or the eccentric of the planet. Note: Nīca is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nīca (नीच) refers to the “base-born” (persons), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.23. Accordingly as Śiva said to Satī:—“[...] O Goddess Satī, listen, I shall explain the great principle whereby the remorseful creature becomes a liberated soul (mukta). [...] Attracted by devotion and as a result of its influence, O Goddess, I go even to the houses of the base-born (nīca) and outcastes. There is no doubt about it”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Nīca (नीच, “lower”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., nīca—lower], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nīca.—(CII 1), mean or low. (CII 1), southern. Note: nīca is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nīca : (adj.) low; humble; inferior.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nīca, (adj.) (Vedic nīca, adj. -formation fr. adv. ni°, cp. Sk. nyañc downward) low, inferior, humble (opp. ucca high, fr. adv. ud°) Vin. I, 46, 47; II, 194; D. I, 109, 179, 194; A. V, 82; SnA 424 (nīcaṃ karoti to degrade); & passim.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nīca (नीच).—a (S) Low, not high or tall. 2 Low (in place, condition, quality, value, price). 3 Low, mean, base. 4 In music. Deep or bass. Note. In the above senses the word is Nits, in these following, Nitsh. 5 a S (therefore Nitsh.) See all the senses above. 6 n The perigee of a planet. 7 That sign of the Zodiac in which a planet has its least or feeblest influence; viz. Libra for the sun, Cancer for Mars &c.

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nīcā (नीचा).—a (nīca) Inferior, worse, lower in quality or price.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nīca (नीच).—a Low, not high or tall. Mean, base. In music. Deep or bass.

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nīcā (नीचा).—a (nīca) Inferior, worse, lower in quality or price.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nīca (नीच).—a. [nikṛṣṭatamīṃ śobhāṃ cinoti, ci-ḍa Tv.]

1) Low, short, small, little, dwarfish.

2) Situated below, being in a low position; नात्युच्छ्रितं नातिनीचं चैलाजिनकुशोत्तरम् (nātyucchritaṃ nātinīcaṃ cailājinakuśottaram) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.11; Manusmṛti 2.198; Y.1.131.

3) Lowered, deep (as a voice).

4) Low, mean, base, vile, worst; प्रारभ्यते न खलु विघ्नभयेन नीचैः (prārabhyate na khalu vighnabhayena nīcaiḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.27; नीचस्य गोचरगतैः सुखमास्यते कैः (nīcasya gocaragataiḥ sukhamāsyate kaiḥ) 59; Bv.1.48.

5) Worthless, insignificant. चः (caḥ) A kind of perfume (coraka).

-cā An excellent cow.

-cam The lowest point of a planet.

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Nīcā (नीचा).—ind. Ved. Low, downward.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīca (नीच).—mfn.

(-caḥ-cā-caṃ) 1. Low (in stature) short, dwarfish. 2. Low, (in condition) vile, base, mean. 3. Deep. E. na privative, ī good fortune, ci to obtain, aff. ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīca (नीच).—i. e. ni-añc + a, adj., f. . 1. Low, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 198. 2. Short, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 131. 3. Deep, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 225. 4. Base, mean, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 35, 35. 5. ºcais, instr. pl., adv. 1. Below, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 43. 2. Low-bowing, Mahābhārata 1, 3287. 3. Little, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 43. 4. Humbly, Kām. Nītis. 7, 42. 5. Softly, [Amaruśataka, (ed. Calcutt.)] 67.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīca (नीच).—[adjective] low, deep (lit. & [figuratively]), inferior, mean, base; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

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Nīcā (नीचा).—([instrumental] [adverb]) below, down.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nīca (नीच):—mf(ā)n. (ni +2. añc) low, not high, short, dwarfish, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) deep, depressed (navel), [Pañcatantra]

3) short (hair, nails), [Suśruta]

4) deep, lowered (voice), [Prātiśākhya]

5) low, vile, inferior (socially or morally), base, mean (as a man or action or thought), [Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) m. a kind of perfume (= coraka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) n. (in [astrology]) the lowest point of a planet (= ταπείνωμα), the 7th house from the culminating point, [Varāha-mihira] (cf. 2. ny-añc).

8) Nīcā (नीचा):—[from nīca] a ind. below, down, downwards, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

9) [from ny-añc] b ind. (nīcā) See under nīca

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīca (नीच):—[nī-ca] (caḥ-cā-caṃ) a. Low; vile; deep.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nīca (नीच) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇia, Ṇīya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nica in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nīca (नीच) [Also spelled neech]:—(a) mean, base, vile; inferior; low, lowly; -[ūṃca] low or/and high, good or/and bad, proper or/and improper; —[kamāī] ill-earned money; immoral profession; —[kula] low family, low clan; •[] low-born; —[jāti] low caste; ~[pana/~panā] see [nīcatā].

2) Nīcā (नीचा) [Also spelled nicha]:—(a) mean, base, vile; low; deep; ~[ī] lowness; depth; ~[na] same as [nīcāī; —kāma] mean act; work undertaken by low castes, menial work; —[khānā] to suffer a defeat, to be put to humiliation; —[dikhānā] to humble to the dust, to beat one into fits; to insult/humiliate; to overpower, to inflict a defeat; [nīcī nigāha se dekhanā] to treat as low or inferior; to think as of no significance.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nīca (ನೀಚ):—

1) [adjective] being, lying at a low or lower place, stratum.

2) [adjective] undersized; dwarf.

3) [adjective] (mus.) of, for or having the range of a bass.

4) [adjective] base; mean; contemptible.

5) [adjective] cruel; wicked.

6) [adjective] of little or no importance; unimportant; of no avail.

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Nīca (ನೀಚ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being dwarf; dwarfishness.

2) [noun] the quality of being base, mean; meanness; baseness.

3) [noun] he who slanders; a slanderer.

4) [noun] a mean, ignoble, small-minded fellow.

5) [noun] a wicked fellow; a villain.

6) [noun] a kind of perfume.

7) [noun] (astrol.) a house in the zodiac in which the astrological planets have bad influences inflicting distress, grief.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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