Nica, aka: Nīca; 9 Definition(s)


Nica means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nicha.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nīca (नीच, “low”) refers to one of six “ornaments”, or ‘figures of speech’ (alaṃkāra). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six ornaments are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

These ornaments dictate the type of recitation, eg. nīca and druta should be used in the Terrible and the Odious sentiment.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nīca (नीच, “low”).—One of the six alaṃkāras;—(Uses:) The low note proceeds from the chest register, but has a very low pitch (mandra-tara) sound; it is to be used in natural speaking, sickness, weariness due to austerities and walking a distance, panic, falling down, fainting and the like.

(Source): Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Nīca (नीच).—Perigee of epicycle or the the eccentric of the planet. Note: Nīca is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

In Buddhism


nīca : (adj.) low; humble; inferior.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nīca, (adj.) (Vedic nīca, adj. -formation fr. adv. ni°, cp. Sk. nyañc downward) low, inferior, humble (opp. ucca high, fr. adv. ud°) Vin. I, 46, 47; II, 194; D. I, 109, 179, 194; A. V, 82; SnA 424 (nīcaṃ karoti to degrade); & passim.

—kula of low clan J. I, 106; Sn. 411;—(°ā) kulīna belonging to low caste Sn. 462; —cittatā being humble-hearted Dhs. 1340; DhsA. 395; —pīṭhaka a low stool DhA. IV, 177; —mano humble Sn. 252 (=nīcacitto SnA 293); —seyyā a low bed A. I, 212 (opp. uccâsayana). (Page 375)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

nīca (नीच).—a (S) Low, not high or tall. 2 Low (in place, condition, quality, value, price). 3 Low, mean, base. 4 In music. Deep or bass. Note. In the above senses the word is Nits, in these following, Nitsh. 5 a S (therefore Nitsh.) See all the senses above. 6 n The perigee of a planet. 7 That sign of the Zodiac in which a planet has its least or feeblest influence; viz. Libra for the sun, Cancer for Mars &c.

--- OR ---

nīcā (नीचा).—a (nīca) Inferior, worse, lower in quality or price.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nīca (नीच).—a Low, not high or tall. Mean, base. In music. Deep or bass.

--- OR ---

nīcā (नीचा).—a (nīca) Inferior, worse, lower in quality or price.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 36 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Nīcoccavṛtta (नीचोच्चवृत्त).—Epicycle. Note: Nīcocca-vṛtta is a Sanskrit technical term used in...
Vulgar Dancing (nīca nāṭya).—Those who are versed in the Science of Dancing say that t...
Nīcokti (नीचोक्ति).—f. a low or vulgar expression. Derivable forms: nīcoktiḥ (नीचोक्तिः).Nīcokt...
Mahānīca (महानीच).—a washerman. Derivable forms: mahānīcaḥ (महानीचः).Mahānīca is a Sanskrit com...
Nīcaga (नीचग).—a. 1) going downwards, descending (as a river); संयोजयति विद्यैव नीचगापि नरं सरि...
Nīcabhojya (नीचभोज्य).—onion. Derivable forms: nīcabhojyaḥ (नीचभोज्यः).Nīcabhojya is a Sanskrit...
Alaṅkāra (अलङ्कार) or Alaṅkārāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the ...
Kūla (कूल) refers to a name-ending for place-names according to Pāṇini VI.2.129. Pāṇini also ca...
1) Raja (रज).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 78).2) Raja (रज).—A Sag...
Caṇḍāla (चण्डाल).—a. [caṇḍ-ālac]1) Wicked or cruel in deeds, of black deeds (krūrakarman) cf. क...
Ṅi (ङि).—Case-ending of the locative case, changed into (a) आम् (ām) after bases termed Nadi, f...
niñca (निंच).—a (Commonly nīca) Low, not tall or high. Mean, base.--- OR --- niñcā (निंचा).—a (...
Uttarāyaṇa (उत्तरायण).—(or udagayana) Sun's northward journey from winter solstice to summer so...
Lamaka (लमक).—A lover, paramour.Derivable forms: lamakaḥ (लमकः).
kulīna (कुलीन).—a Well-born, of high descent.

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