Nica, aka: Nīca; 9 Definition(s)


Nica means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nicha.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Nīca (नीच, “low”) refers to one of six “ornaments”, or ‘figures of speech’ (alaṃkāra). According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19, these six ornaments are part of the ‘vocal representation’ (vācika), which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama and calling forth the sentiment (rasa). The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

These ornaments dictate the type of recitation, eg. nīca and druta should be used in the Terrible and the Odious sentiment.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nīca (नीच, “low”).—One of the six alaṃkāras;—(Uses:) The low note proceeds from the chest register, but has a very low pitch (mandra-tara) sound; it is to be used in natural speaking, sickness, weariness due to austerities and walking a distance, panic, falling down, fainting and the like.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Nīca (नीच).—A term used for the grave accent or for the vowel, accented grave; cf. स्वरितयोर्मध्ये यत्र नीचं स्यात् (svaritayormadhye yatra nīcaṃ syāt) T. Pr. XIX. 1. उन्नीचे मे नीचमुच्चात् (unnīce me nīcamuccāt) R. T. 54, 55 cf. also V. Pr. I. 111.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Nīca (नीच).—Perigee of epicycle or the eccentric of the planet. Note: Nīca is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

nīca : (adj.) low; humble; inferior.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Nīca, (adj.) (Vedic nīca, adj. -formation fr. adv. ni°, cp. Sk. nyañc downward) low, inferior, humble (opp. ucca high, fr. adv. ud°) Vin. I, 46, 47; II, 194; D. I, 109, 179, 194; A. V, 82; SnA 424 (nīcaṃ karoti to degrade); & passim.

—kula of low clan J. I, 106; Sn. 411;—(°ā) kulīna belonging to low caste Sn. 462; —cittatā being humble-hearted Dhs. 1340; DhsA. 395; —pīṭhaka a low stool DhA. IV, 177; —mano humble Sn. 252 (=nīcacitto SnA 293); —seyyā a low bed A. I, 212 (opp. uccâsayana). (Page 375)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

nīca (नीच).—a (S) Low, not high or tall. 2 Low (in place, condition, quality, value, price). 3 Low, mean, base. 4 In music. Deep or bass. Note. In the above senses the word is Nits, in these following, Nitsh. 5 a S (therefore Nitsh.) See all the senses above. 6 n The perigee of a planet. 7 That sign of the Zodiac in which a planet has its least or feeblest influence; viz. Libra for the sun, Cancer for Mars &c.

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nīcā (नीचा).—a (nīca) Inferior, worse, lower in quality or price.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nīca (नीच).—a Low, not high or tall. Mean, base. In music. Deep or bass.

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nīcā (नीचा).—a (nīca) Inferior, worse, lower in quality or price.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nīca (नीच).—a. [nikṛṣṭatamīṃ śobhāṃ cinoti, ci-ḍa Tv.]

1) Low, short, small, little, dwarfish.

2) Situated below, being in a low position; नात्युच्छ्रितं नातिनीचं चैलाजिनकुशोत्तरम् (nātyucchritaṃ nātinīcaṃ cailājinakuśottaram) Bg.6.11; Ms.2.198; Y.1.131.

3) Lowered, deep (as a voice).

4) Low, mean, base, vile, worst; प्रारभ्यते न खलु विघ्नभयेन नीचैः (prārabhyate na khalu vighnabhayena nīcaiḥ) Bh.2.27; नीचस्य गोचरगतैः सुखमास्यते कैः (nīcasya gocaragataiḥ sukhamāsyate kaiḥ) 59; Bv.1.48.

5) Worthless, insignificant. चः (caḥ) A kind of perfume (coraka).

-cā An excellent cow.

-cam The lowest point of a planet.

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Nīcā (नीचा).—ind. Ved. Low, downward.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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