Netri, Netṛ, Netrī: 13 definitions


Netri means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Netṛ can be transliterated into English as Netr or Netri, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Netṛ (नेतृ) refers to the “commander” (of an army), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Anurādhā will be valiant; heads of parties; fond of the company of Sādhus, keep vehicles and grow every species of crop. Those who are born on the lunar day of Jyeṣṭhā will be valiant, of good descent, wealthy, famous; disposed to cheat others of their property, fond of travelling, rulers of provinces or commanders of armies (netṛsenānāṃ cāpi netāraḥ). [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Netṛ (नेतृ) refers to “one who brings” (that which is wished for into being) and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.11]—“[Śiva is] he who exists in a fixed condition, who brings about all conditions [in all] time[s] and direction[s] but is not touched by [those conditions]. He controls them. He is their leader, [he leads] quickly, he wishes it, and he quickly brings (netṛ) [that which is wished for into being. He] projects [all conditions] outward and he also causes them to be made one with himself [internally, inside his consciousness]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Netṛ (नेतृ) refers to the “leader” (of a hunting party), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “[...] At the middle of the party there should be the leading (netṛ) hawker, with two soldiers on each side. The circle should be made with twenty-one horsemen. All men in the circle, with their eyes fixed on the chief hawker, should remain at a distance of four cubits from each other, in two equal divisions on each side. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Netṛ (नेतृ).—m. [nī-tṛc]

1) One who leads or guides, a leader, conductor, manager, guide (of elephants, animals &c.); न विना नायकं सेना मुहूर्तमपि तिष्ठति । आहवेष्वाहवश्रेष्ठ नेतृहीनेव नौर्जले (na vinā nāyakaṃ senā muhūrtamapi tiṣṭhati | āhaveṣvāhavaśreṣṭha netṛhīneva naurjale) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.5.8; आसन्नोषधयो नेतुर्नक्तमस्नेहदीपिकाः (āsannoṣadhayo neturnaktamasnehadīpikāḥ) R.4. 75;14.22;16.3; Meghadūta 71; नेताश्वस्य स्रुघ्नं स्रुघ्नस्य वा (netāśvasya srughnaṃ srughnasya vā) Sk. Mu.7.14.

2) A director, preceptor; नेता यस्य बृहस्पतिः (netā yasya bṛhaspatiḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.88.

3) A chief, master, head.

4) An inflictor (as of punishment); प्रजास्तत्र न मुह्यन्ति नेता चेत् साधु पश्यति (prajāstatra na muhyanti netā cet sādhu paśyati) Manusmṛti 7.25.

5) An owner.

6) The hero of a drama.

7) The numeral 'two'.

8) Name of Viṣṇu.

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Netrī (नेत्री).—

1) A river.

2) A female leader.

3) An epithet of Lakṣmī.

4) An artery, a vein.

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Netrī (नेत्री).—See under नेतृ (netṛ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Netrī (नेत्री).—(= Pali netti), (1) adj., in bhava-netrī, q.v. (and compare netrikā), leading, conducive (to…); (2) subst., way, method, rule, usage; Tibetan (on Mahāvyutpatti 6325) tshul (ed. tshal, but Tibetan Index tshul), or lugs: usually in cpds. dharma- (Pali dhamma-netti) and buddha-n°, the way (or the like) of the Law, of Buddha; rarely alone, so probably in Mahāvastu ii.264.2 where I would read (smṛtiṃ…) netriye, recollection or contemplation of the Way, see s.v. neti; mama netrī Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 201.3 (verse; Buddha is speaking); dharma- netrī Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 10.4; 25.13; 53.7; 251.6; Lalitavistara 439.1; Mahāvastu ii.373.5 (śāstu varadharmanetrī); iii.234.12, 17; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 69.3; Kāśyapa Parivarta 20.18, etc.; Daśabhūmikasūtra 14.17; Bodhisattvabhūmi 56.16; 297.4; in Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 9.6 (verse), text dharmanetri rayina pramuhyata, read °netrir iya (= iyaṃ, m.c.) na pramuhyata (or °te), this rule of the Law has not become confused; buddha-n° Mahāvyutpatti 6325 (Tibetan, see above); Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 92.1 (Kashgar recension dharma-n°); 93.13; 94.12; 96.6; 154.16; Śikṣāsamuccaya 147.3; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 70.14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Netṛ (नेतृ).—mfn. (-tā-trī-tṛ) Leading, conducting, one who guides or leads, &c. m.

(-tā) 1. A master, an owner. 2. A guide. E. ṇī to lead, aff. tṛc .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Netṛ (नेतृ).—i. e. + tṛ, m., f. trī, and n. 1. One who guides or leads, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 17. 2. One who leads to, Mahābhārata 3, 954. 3. With daṇḍasya, One who inflicts punishment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 25. 4. The hero of a drama, Sāh. D. 64.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Netṛ (नेतृ).—1. [adjective] leading or (as 3d [future]) he will lead also = seq.

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Netṛ (नेतृ).—2. [masculine] leader, guide, conductor, bringer, inflicter (daṇḍasya); [feminine] netrī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Netṛ (नेतृ):—[from ] a etc. See p. 568, col. 3.

2) [from netavya] b mfn. leading, guiding, one who leads or will lead, [Ṛg-veda x, 26, 5]

3) [v.s. ...] m. bringer, offerer (with [accusative]; cf. [Pāṇini 2-3, 69]), [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] leader, guide, conductor (with [genitive case] or ifc.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (with daṇḍasya) ‘rod-applier’, inflicter of punishment, [Manu-smṛti vii, 25] (cf. daṇḍa-n)

6) [v.s. ...] the leader or chief of an army, [Varāha-mihira]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [Religious Thought and Life in India 106 n.]

8) [v.s. ...] the hero of a drama (= nāyaka), [Daśarūpa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] a master, owner, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) [v.s. ...] the numeral 2 [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary] (cf. netra)

11) [v.s. ...] Azadirachta Indica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Netrī (नेत्री):—[from netṛ > netavya] f. a female leader (with [genitive case] or ifc.), [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Mahābhārata] etc.

13) [v.s. ...] a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a vein, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of Lakṣmi, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Netṛ (नेतृ):—(tā) 4. m. A master. a. Leading.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Netṛ (नेतृ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇeāuya, Ṇeu.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nētṛ (ನೇತೃ):—

1) [noun] = ನೇತಾರ [netara].

2) [noun] a master; a lord.

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Nētri (ನೇತ್ರಿ):—[noun] a natural stream of water of considerable volume and a definite course; a river.

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Nētri (ನೇತ್ರಿ):—

1) [noun] the vine Piper cubeba (= Cubeba officinalis) of Piperaceae family; Java pepper.

2) [noun] its black seed; Java pepper.

3) [noun] another vine of the same family Piper chaba (= P. officinarum).

4) [noun] its black seed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Netrī (नेत्री):—n. fem. a leader; a guide;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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