Musta, Mustā, Mushta, Muṣṭa: 11 definitions

Introduction

Musta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Muṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Musta or Mushta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mustā (मुस्ता) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Nut grass”, a species of grass from the Cyperaceae (sedge) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Mustakā. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name of this plant is Cyperus rotundus. It is a perennial glabrous herb with long slender stolons. It grows all over India with altitudes up to 1800 meter. Its leaves are narrow, linear, flat and has spikes.

This plant (Mustā) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known as Ghana, Ambodhara, Abda or Payodhara. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of the Kirātatiktādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Mustā (मुस्ता) refers to a medicinal plant known as Cyperus rotundus Linn., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Mustā). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Mustā (मुस्ता) refers to the medicinal plant known as Cyperus rotundus, Rz., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Mustā. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Mustā (मुस्ता) refers to the medicinal plant Cyperus rotundus L., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Mustā] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mustā (मुस्ता) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Cyperus rotundus Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mustā] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mustā (मुस्ता).—f S A fragrant grass, Cyperus rotundus.

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mustā (मुस्ता).—m An instrument for combing cotton.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Muṣṭa (मुष्ट).—p. p.

1) Stolen; मुष्टं प्रतिग्राहयता स्वमर्थम् (muṣṭaṃ pratigrāhayatā svamartham) Ś.5.2.

2) Enticed, attracted; Bhāg.8.12.22. See मुष् (muṣ) (5).

-ṣṭam Stolen property.

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Musta (मुस्त) or Mustā (मुस्ता).—A kind of grass; विस्रब्धं क्रियतां वराहततिभिर्मुस्ताक्षतिः पल्वले (visrabdhaṃ kriyatāṃ varāhatatibhirmustākṣatiḥ palvale) Ś.2.6; R.9.59;15.19.

Derivable forms: mustaḥ (मुस्तः), mustam (मुस्तम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Muṣṭa (मुष्ट).—n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) Theft, robbery. E. muṣ to steal, aff. kta, form irr.

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Musta (मुस्त).—mf.

(-staḥ-stā) A sort of grass, (Cyperus rotundus.) E. musta to accumulate, aff. ac “muthā .”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Musta (मुस्त).—m., and f. , A fragrant grass, Cyperus rotundus, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 39 ().

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Musta (मुस्त).—[masculine] [neuter], ā [feminine] a kind of grass.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Muṣṭa (मुष्ट):—[from muṣ] mfn. stolen, robbed etc. (a rarer form for muṣita), [Kāvya literature; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] n. theft, robbery, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Musta (मुस्त):—[from must] mfn. a species of grass, Cyperue Rotundus, [Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta] (n. [probably] the root of C° R°)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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