Mayurasana, Mayura-asana, Mayūrāsana: 4 definitions



Mayurasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mayurasana in Yoga glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Mayūrāsana (मयूरासन, “peacock posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (āsana) used in Yoga. It is composed of the words mayūra (peacock) and and āsana (posture).

Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Mayūrāsana (मयूरासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.32.—Accordingly, “Place the palms of both the hands on the ground, and place the navel on both the elbows and balancing thus, the body should be stretched backward like a stick. This is called mayūrāsana. This āsana soon destroys all diseases, and removes abdominal disorders, and also those arising from irregularities of phlegm, bile and wind, digests unwholesome food taken in excess, increases appetite and destroys the most deadly poison”.

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (e.g., mayūra-āsana).

Source: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Mayūrāsana (मयूरासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 32 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Place the palms of the hand on the ground. Place the elbows on the navel and hold the body up. This is mayūrāsana, the peacock”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (e.g., mayūra-āsana) and several additional ones.

Name and form are the same in Iyengar. Haṭhapradīpikā 1.31 refers to this and Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.30.

Source: Gheranda Samhita

Mayurāsana (मयुरासन) or Mayūrapīṭha is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Placing the palms of the two hands on the ground and the navel on the elbows, raise the body like a stick (parallel to the ground). This is called Mayūrapīṭha. The esteemed Mayurāsana (which) burns up all the overaten, unwholesome food, stimulates gastric heat, digests the deadliest poison and quickly cures diseases like tumour and fever, is harmless”.

Mayurāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning mayūra-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

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context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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