Mayurapitha, Mayūrapīṭha, Mayura-pitha: 1 definition

Introduction

Introduction:

Mayurapitha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mayurapitha in Yoga glossary
Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita

Mayūrapīṭha (मयूरपीठ) or Mayurāsana is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Placing the palms of the two hands on the ground and the navel on the elbows, raise the body like a stick (parallel to the ground). This is called Mayūrapīṭha. The esteemed Mayurāsana (which) burns up all the overaten, unwholesome food, stimulates gastric heat, digests the deadliest poison and quickly cures diseases like tumour and fever, is harmless”.

Mayūrapīṭha is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning mayūra-pīṭha) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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