Mayavati, Māyāvatī: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mayavati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mayavati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Māyāvatī (मायावती).—An incarnation of Ratidevī. An asura named Śambara made her his wife. But Pradyumna, son of Kṛṣṇa, carried her away to Dvārakā. (See under Pradyumna).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Māyāvatī (मायावती).—Rati in her former birth: when her husband was burnt by śiva, she was reborn as the superintendent of Śambara's kitchen. Hearing from Nārada that Pradyumna was Kāma and that he was thrown into sea by Śambara and swallowed by a fish and was brought to her kitchen, she nursed him lovingly and when he came of age, she spoke the truth and taught him mahāmāyā vidyā with which he killed Śambara: She took him by air to Kṛṣṇa and was rejoiced to become the daughter-in-law of Kṛṣṇa and Rukmiṇī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 55. 6-38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 27. 7-16, 27-30.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mayavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Māyāvatī (मायावती) is the name of a Vidyādhara who was cursed to become the elephant named Bhadravatī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 13. The elephant Bhadravatī was used by Udayana when he escaped from the clutches of king Caṇḍamahāsena, together with Vasantaka, Yaugandharāyaṇa, Vāsavadattā and Kāñcanamālā.

2) Māyāvatī (मायावती)is the name of a Vidyā dispatched by Ratnaprabhā to support Naravāhanadatta in his quest to obtain princess Karpūrikā from Karpūrasambhava, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 42. Accordingly, “in the meanwhile Naravāhanadatta performed a long journey on horseback in that forest, accompanied by Gomukha. Then a maiden suddenly came up to him in his path and said to him: ‘I am a science [vidyā], sent by Ratnaprabhā, named Māyāvatī; I will guard you on the path without being seen, so proceed now without fear’”.

3) Māyāvatī (मायावती) is the daughter of Malayasiṃha, an ancient king from Rājagṛha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 112. Accordingly, as Agni said: “... long ago there lived in Rājagṛha a king named Malayasiṃha, and he had a daughter named Māyāvatī, of matchless beauty. One day a young man of the fisher caste, named Suprahāra, who was in the bloom of youth and good looks, saw her as she was amusing herself in a spring garden”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Māyāvatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Māyāvatī (मायावती):—[=māyā-vatī] [from māyā-vat > māyā > māya] f. (atī) a [particular] magical an personified, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Pradyumna, [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa] (cf. -devī)

3) [v.s. ...] of the wife of a Vidyā-dhara, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] of a princess, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] of an authoress of certain magical incantations, [Catalogue(s)]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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