Manikarna, Maṇikarṇa: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Manikarna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Manikarna in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण, “precious ear-ring”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Maṇikarṇavināyaka, Maṇikarṇagaṇeśa and Maṇikarṇavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Maṇikarṇa is positioned in the South-Eastern corner of the sixth circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Satuababa Ashram, Manikamika Gali, CK 10 / 48”. Worshippers of Maṇikarṇa will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the reliever from difficulties”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.18654, Lon. 83.00875 (or, 25°11'11.5"N 83°00'31.5"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Maṇikarṇa, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण) or Maṇikarṇatīrtha is the name of a Tīrtha (holy places) situated at Vārāṇasī, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Vārāṇasī has remained a place dear to Śiva. It is supposed to be a place of mokṣa for all living creatures. There are many sacred places and innumerable liṅgas which are even unknown to Brahmā, so says the Saurapurāṇa. [...] The Maṇikarṇa-tīrtha at Benares is a favourite of Śiva. A bath at Maṇikarṇa takes away sins and by the sight of Viśveśvara a devotee becomes fit for liberation.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of manikarna in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Manikarna in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण) is the name of a Buddha under whom Śākyamuni (or Gautama, ‘the historical Buddha’) acquired merit along the first through nine bhūmis, according to the Mahāvastu. There are in total ten bhūmis representing the ten stages of the Bodhisattva’s path towards enlightenment.

Maṇikarṇa is but one among the 500 Buddhas enumerated in the Mahāvastu during a conversation between Mahākātyāyana and Mahākāśyapa, both principle disciples of Gautama Buddha. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Manikarna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण).—name of a former Buddha: Mahāvastu i.139.6 (so text, v.l. Maṇikuṇḍala; cited in Index as Maṇivarṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण).—mfn. (rṇaḥ-ṇā-rṇī-rṇaṃ) Jewel-eared. E. maṇi, and karṇa the ear.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण):—[=maṇi-karṇa] [from maṇi] mfn. ‘jewel-eared’, having an ornament of any kind (as a mark) on the ear (of cattle etc.), [Pāṇini 6-3, 115]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Liṅga, [Kālikā-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण):—[maṇi-karṇa] (rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇī-rṇaṃ) a. Having jewels or pearls in the ears.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण):—[(ma + karṇa)]

1) adj. eine Perle —, ein Kügelchen (zum Abzeichen) am Ohre habend (Vieh) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 115.] —

2) m. saṃjñāyām oxyt. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 113,] [Scholiast] Name eines Śiva-Liṅga in Kāmarūpa [Kalikāpurāṇa 81 im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ī = maṇikarṇikā [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 332, Nalopākhyāna 2.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Maṇikarṇa (मणिकर्ण):——

1) Adj. eine Perle — , ein Kügelchen (als Abzeichen) am Ohre habend (Vieh.) —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Liṅga. —

3) f. ī = maṇikarṇikā

2) a.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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