Makshika, Mākṣika, Makṣika, Makṣīkā, Mākṣīka: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Makshika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mākṣika and Makṣika and Makṣīkā and Mākṣīka can be transliterated into English as Maksika or Makshika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Mākṣika (माक्षिक) is another name for Tāpya (‘chalcopyrite’), which is one of the eight mahārasa (‘superior minerals’), according to the Sanskrit work Rasaprakāśasudhākara (treatise on rasaśāstra, or ‘Indian medicinal alchemy’).

It has the following two varieties:

  1. Rukma-mākṣika or Svarṇamākṣika (produced from the mountains of kānyakubja area)
  2. Tāpya-mākṣika or Rajatamākṣika (found on the banks of the Tapti river).
Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Mākṣika (Pyrite):—There are two varieties of mākṣika i.e.

  1. Rukma (suvarṇa) mākṣika; (produced from the mountains of kānyakubja area)
  2. Tāpya (rajata) mākṣika; (found on the banks of Tapti river).

It can destroy all the diseases and may always prove as good as amṛta (nectar) for pāradakarma and pārada preparations. It proves helpful in mixing the metals with each other, and is best in Rasāyana.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya

Mākṣika (माक्षिक) refers to “pyrite”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Makshika in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Makṣika (मक्षिक).—Do not sit on poisoned food.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 219. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Mākṣika (माक्षिक) refers to one of the eight kinds of honey (madhu) according to the Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 45.133, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Honey was possibly, the earliest sweet thing Indians knew. [...] According to Suśruta the eight varieties of honey are mākṣika, bhrāmara, kṣaudra, pauttika, chātra, ārghya, auddalika and dāla each of these being obtained from different types of bees.

Caraka (Carakasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 27.242) states that of all these varieties, the mākṣika type (the honey collected by small bees) was considered the best and bhrāmara type (the honey collected by big black bees) was considered heavy to digest. Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha (Sūtrasthāna VI.98), a medieval period text states that among the eight varieties of honey bhrāmara, pauttika, kṣaudra and mākṣika are considered good in the increasing order.

Mākṣika is also mentioned as one of the eight kinds of honey (madhu) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).

2) Mākṣika (माक्षिक) refers to “flies” and is mentioned in a discusses regarding the reaction of certain insects and other living beings on consumption of poisionous food. The after-effect of intake of poison for Mākṣika (flies) is defined as: “die after tasting poisoned food”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

makṣikā (मक्षिका).—f (S) A fly. prathamagrāsē makṣikāpātaḥ A Sanskrit phrase expressing the occurrence of deterring or obstructing circumstances at the very outset of a business.

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mākṣika (माक्षिक).—n (S) A certain mineral substance. It is distinguished into suvarṇamākṣika & raupyamākṣika. 2 (Produce of makṣikā or bees.) Honey.

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mākṣika (माक्षिक).—a S Pertaining to honey-flies or flies.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

makṣikā (मक्षिका).—f A fly.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Makṣika (मक्षिक) or Makṣikā (मक्षिका) or Makṣīkā (मक्षीका).—A fly, bee; भो उपस्थितं नयनमधु संनिहिता मक्षिका च (bho upasthitaṃ nayanamadhu saṃnihitā makṣikā ca) M.2.

Derivable forms: makṣikaḥ (मक्षिकः).

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Mākṣika (माक्षिक) or Mākṣīka (माक्षीक).—a. (- f.) Coming or derived from a bee.

-kam [mākṣikābhiḥ saṃbhṛtya kṛtam aṇ]

1) Honey; धुर्यैरपि माधुर्यैर्द्राक्षाक्षीरेक्षुमाक्षिकसुधानाम् (dhuryairapi mādhuryairdrākṣākṣīrekṣumākṣikasudhānām) Bv.4.43.

2) A kind of honeylike mineral substance; माक्षीकधातुमधुपारदलोहचूर्ण (mākṣīkadhātumadhupāradalohacūrṇa) Rāja. T.

-kaḥ 1 A spider.

2) Honey.

3) Pyrites.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makṣikā (मक्षिका).—f.

(-kā) A fly. E. makṣ to be angry, Unadi aff. sikan; or makṣ the same, kkun aff.

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Makṣīkā (मक्षीका).—f.

(-kā) A fly. E. See the last, the pen. vowel made long.

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Mākṣika (माक्षिक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A mineral substance, of which two kinds are described; the svarṇamākṣika or gold Makshika, of a bright yellow colour, apparently the common pyritic iron ore: and the rūpyamākṣika or silver Makshika, which answers in appearance to the Hepatic pyrites of iron; other names of these ores occur; as viṭmākṣika and kāṃsyamākṣika, or feculent Makshika and mixed metal Makshika they are however, perhaps rather synonymes of the gold and silver ore, respectively, than names of distinct species. 2. Honey. E. makṣikā a bee, aṇ aff. of derivation; the name is applied to the ore, from its honey-like colour.

Mākṣika can also be spelled as Mākṣīka (माक्षीक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makṣikā (मक्षिका).—makṣīkā, f. A fly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 59.

Makṣikā can also be spelled as Makṣīkā (मक्षीका).

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Mākṣika (माक्षिक).—i. e. makṣikā + a, n. 1. Honey. 2. A peculiar mineral substance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Makṣika (मक्षिक).—[masculine] = [preceding] or bee.

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Makṣikā (मक्षिका).—[feminine] = [preceding] or bee.

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Mākṣika (माक्षिक).—[adjective] coming from a bee, [neuter] honey.

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Mākṣīka (माक्षीक).—[masculine] ā [feminine] spider; [neuter] = [preceding] [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Makṣikā (मक्षिका):—[from makṣ] f. (mc. also, mka.) a fly, bee, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) Makṣīkā (मक्षीका):—[from makṣ] f. = makṣikā, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Mākṣika (माक्षिक):—mfn. ([from] makṣikā) coming from or belonging to a bee, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) n. ([scilicet] madhu) honey, [Varāha-mihira; Suśruta]

5) a kind of h°-like mineral substance or pyrites, [Mahābhārata]

6) Mākṣīka (माक्षीक):—[from mākṣika] m. a spider, [Brahma-upaniṣad] (also f(ā). )

7) [v.s. ...] n. honey, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] pyrites, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. mākṣika).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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