Svarnamakshika, Svarṇamākṣika, Svarna-makshika: 10 definitions
Svarnamakshika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Svarṇamākṣika can be transliterated into English as Svarnamaksika or Svarnamakshika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
1) Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक, “Chalcopyrite”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Svarṇa-mākṣika is aningredient which can be used in combinations with Rasa (mercury) in various recipes.
2) Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक) or Suvarṇamākṣika (सुवर्णमाक्षिक) is one of the two variations of Mākṣika (‘chalcopyrite’), one of the eight mahārasa minerals, according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra.Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy
Svarna-makshika refers to “pyrites with golden tints”. (see Bhudeb Mookerji and his Rasajalanidhi)Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5
The first variety (of Pyrite) is known as Svarṇa-mākṣika. It is produced from the mountains of kānyakubja area. It is very much similar to gold and contains the shade of nine colours of gold.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya
Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक) refers to “copper pyrite”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.—In different sections, the author has mentioned four drugs viz. Svarṇamākṣika (copper pyrite), Manaḥshilā (realgar), Vaikrānta (tourmaline) and Kānta Lauha (cast iron) as best rejuvenators among all other drugs.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक) or Suvarṇamākṣika (सुवर्णमाक्षिक) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “copper pyrite”, also known as “chalcopyrite”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. Chalcopyrite is a mineral commonly refered to as "Fool's Gold" because of its golden appearance. Chalcopyrite is classified as a sulfide mineral and is present with many ore-bearing environments as well as in volcanogenic ore deposits.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक).—and other compounds with svarṇa See under the common word suvarṇa.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक).—a kind of mineral substance; ताम्रं लोहं च वङ्गं च काचं च स्वर्णमाक्षिकम् (tāmraṃ lohaṃ ca vaṅgaṃ ca kācaṃ ca svarṇamākṣikam) Śiva B.3.11.
Derivable forms: svarṇamākṣikam (स्वर्णमाक्षिकम्).
Svarṇamākṣika is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svarṇa and mākṣika (माक्षिक).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-kaṃ) A particular mineral substance.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक):—[=svarṇa-mākṣika] [from svarṇa] n. a kind of mineral substance, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Svarṇamākṣika (स्वर्णमाक्षिक):—n. = suvarṇa Schwefelkies (zu den Upadhātu gerechnet): kiṃcitsuvarṇasāhityātsvarṇamākṣikamīritam [Bhāvaprakāśa] [?5; vgl. MADANAV. 4, 23. Rājanirghaṇṭa 13, 85.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 7 books and stories containing Svarnamakshika, Svarṇamākṣika, Svarna-makshika, Svarṇa-mākṣika, Svarnamaksika, Svarna-maksika; (plurals include: Svarnamakshikas, Svarṇamākṣikas, makshikas, mākṣikas, Svarnamaksikas, maksikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Characteristics of Pyrite (makshika) < [Chapter II - Uparasa (2): Makshika (pyrites)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 20 - Mercurial operations (18): Transformation of base metals into gold by mercury (bedhana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Part 16 - Mercurial operations (14): Exhaustion of mercury (yarana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Part 15 - Mercurial operations (13): Internal liquefaction of mercury (garbhadruti) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 8 - Uses of Diamond < [Chapter XIII - Gems (1): Vajra or Hiraka (diamond)]
Part 4 - Nectarization of lead < [Chapter VII - Metals (7): Sisaka (lead)]
Part 3 - Incineration of gold < [Chapter I - Metals (1): Suvarna (Gold)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)