Majjhima: 7 definitions

Introduction

Majjhima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsMiddle; appropriate; just right.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

An Arahant. He went, after the Third Council, as preacher to the Himalaya country (Mhv.xii.6), accompanied by four others:

Kassapagotta, Durabhissara, Sahadeva, and Mulakadeva.

Dpv.viii.10; MT. (317) has Dundu bhissara for Durabhissara; Mbv. (115) agrees with MT., but has Sahassadeva; Sp. (i.68) gives their names as Kassapagotta, Alokadeva, Dundubhissara, and Sahadeva.

Majjhima preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta and eighty crores of persons became sotapannas. The five Elders, separately, converted five kingdoms, and each of them ordained one hundred thousand persons. Mhv.xii.41ff.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

(Middle, central, medium).

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

See Majjhima Cittas

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Majjhima (मज्झिम, “middle-aged”) is a Prakrit name based on age, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning majjhima) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Majjhima in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

majjhima : (adj.) middle; medium; moderate; central.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Majjhima, (adj.) (Vedic madhyama, with sound change °ama›°ima after Geiger, P. Gr. 191, or after analogy with pacchima, with which often contrasted) 1. middle, medium, mediocre, secondary, moderate.—Applied almost exclusively in contrast pairs with terms of more or less, in triplets like “small-medium-big, ” or “first-middle-last” (cp. majjha 3b); viz. (a) of degree: hīna-m-paṇīta D. III, 215 (tisso dhātuyo); Dhs. 1205‹-› 1027 (dhammā); Vism. 11 (sīlaṃ); h. m. ukkaṭṭha Vism. 308; omaka m. ukkaṭṭha Vin. IV, 243; khuddaka m. mahā Vism. 100; lāmaka m. paṇīta (i.e. lokuttara) DhsA. 45 (dhammā); paritta-m-uḷāra Sdhp. 260. ‹-› (b) of time: paṭhame yāme majjhima° pacchima° J. I, 75; id. with vaye PvA. 5.—2. (nt.) majjhimaṃ the waist, in cpd. su-majjhimā (f.) a woman with beautiful waist ) V, 4. (Page 515)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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