Majjhima: 8 definitions
Majjhima means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsMiddle; appropriate; just right.Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
An Arahant. He went, after the Third Council, as preacher to the Himalaya country (Mhv.xii.6), accompanied by four others:Kassapagotta, Durabhissara, Sahadeva, and Mulakadeva.
Dpv.viii.10; MT. (317) has Dundu bhissara for Durabhissara; Mbv. (115) agrees with MT., but has Sahassadeva; Sp. (i.68) gives their names as Kassapagotta, Alokadeva, Dundubhissara, and Sahadeva.
Majjhima preached the Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta and eighty crores of persons became sotapannas. The five Elders, separately, converted five kingdoms, and each of them ordained one hundred thousand persons. Mhv.xii.41ff.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
(Middle, central, medium).Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama
See Majjhima Cittas
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
Majjhima (मज्झिम, “middle-aged”) is a Prakrit name based on age, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning majjhima) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
majjhima : (adj.) middle; medium; moderate; central.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Majjhima, (adj.) (Vedic madhyama, with sound change °ama›°ima after Geiger, P. Gr. 191, or after analogy with pacchima, with which often contrasted) 1. middle, medium, mediocre, secondary, moderate.—Applied almost exclusively in contrast pairs with terms of more or less, in triplets like “small-medium-big, ” or “first-middle-last” (cp. majjha 3b); viz. (a) of degree: hīna-m-paṇīta D. III, 215 (tisso dhātuyo); Dhs. 1205‹-› 1027 (dhammā); Vism. 11 (sīlaṃ); h. m. ukkaṭṭha Vism. 308; omaka m. ukkaṭṭha Vin. IV, 243; khuddaka m. mahā Vism. 100; lāmaka m. paṇīta (i.e. lokuttara) DhsA. 45 (dhammā); paritta-m-uḷāra Sdhp. 260. ‹-› (b) of time: paṭhame yāme majjhima° pacchima° J. I, 75; id. with vaye PvA. 5.—2. (nt.) majjhimaṃ the waist, in cpd. su-majjhimā (f.) a woman with beautiful waist ) V, 4. (Page 515)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Majjhima (मज्झिम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Madhyama.
2) Majjhimā (मज्झिमा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Madhyamā.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+6): Mahaggata Citta, Majjhima Abbhokasika, Majjhima Arannika, Majjhima Ekasanika, Majjhima Janapada, Majjhima Kala, Majjhima Khalupacchabhattika, Majjhima Nesajjika, Majjhima Nikaya, Majjhima Pansukulika, Majjhima Patipada, Majjhima Pattapisoika, Majjhima Pisoapatika, Majjhima Rukkhamula, Majjhima Sapadanacarika, Majjhima Susanika, Majjhima Tecivarika, Majjhima Yathasantatika, Majjhimabhanaka, Majjhimadesa.
Full-text (+138): Madhyama, Majjhima Nikaya, Patipada, Middle Path, Mahayamaka Vagga, Culayamaka Vagga, Extremes, Sunnata Vagga, Anupada Vagga, Mahaggata Citta, Paribbajaka Vagga, Vibhanga Vagga, Bhikkhu Vagga, Salayatana Vagga, Kama Sukh Allikanuyoga, Cakkhukarana, Hasula, Apapa, Nikujja, Madhyima.
Search found 72 books and stories containing Majjhima, Majjhimā; (plurals include: Majjhimas, Majjhimās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Philosophy of language in the Five Nikayas (by K.T.S. Sarao)
3.3. The Wholesome Courses of Speech < [Chapter 4 - Philosophy of Language in the Five Nikāyas]
9. Methodological Characteristics of the Five Nikāyas < [Chapter 3 - Language and Meaning as Reflected in the Five Nikāyas]
6.1. Buddhist Terms: Dhamma < [Chapter 3 - Language and Meaning as Reflected in the Five Nikāyas]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 9 - Imitating the bearing of the Buddha < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
Appendix 2 - The ripening of fruits of good and bad actions < [Chapter LI - Seeing all the Buddha Fields]
IV.2. Qualities of the Moralities to be recollected < [IV. Recollection of the moralities (śīlānusmṛti)]
Teacher of the Devas (by Susan Elbaum Jootla)
Buddhist Monastic Discipline (by Jotiya Dhirasekera)
The Book of Protection (by Piyadassi Thera)
Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka (by I. B. Horner)