Majjhima Nikaya, aka: Majjhima-nikāya; 3 Definition(s)


Majjhima Nikaya means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Majjhima Nikaya in Theravada glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

The second book, or collection, of the Sutta Pitaka, containing discourses of medium length.

It consists of eighty bhanavaras and is divided into three sections of fifty suttas each (Pannasa), the last pannasa containing fifty two suttas.

At the First Council the duty of learning the Majjhima Nikaya and of handing it down intact was entrusted to the school of Sariputta (DA.i.15).

Buddhaghosa wrote a commentary to the Majjhima Nikaya, which is called the Papanca Sudani, and Sariputta of Ceylon wrote its tika.

The Majjhima Nikaya was also called the Majjhima Sangiti (E.g., MA.i.2; MT.193, 305).

When the Sasana (Buddhism) disappears, the Majjhima predeceases the Digha Nikaya. MA.ii.881.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Majjhima Nikaya in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

The Majjhima Nikaya ("Collection of Middle-length Discourses") is a Buddhist scripture, the second of the five nikayas, or collections, in the Sutta Pitaka, which is one of the "three baskets" that compose the Pali Tipitaka of Theravada Buddhism. This nikaya consists of 152 discourses attributed to the Buddha and his chief disciples.

The Majjhima Nikaya corresponds to the Madhyama Āgama found in the Sutra Pitikas of various Sanskritic early Buddhist schools, fragments of which survive in Sanskrit and in Tibetan translation.

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Majjhima Nikaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Majjhima, (adj.) (Vedic madhyama, with sound change °ama›°ima after Geiger, P. Gr. 191, or after analogy with pacchima, with which often contrasted) 1. middle, medium, mediocre, secondary, moderate.—Applied almost exclusively in contrast pairs with terms of more or less, in triplets like “small-medium-big, ” or “first-middle-last” (cp. majjha 3b); viz. (a) of degree: hīna-m-paṇīta D. III, 215 (tisso dhātuyo); Dhs. 1205‹-› 1027 (dhammā); Vism. 11 (sīlaṃ); h. m. ukkaṭṭha Vism. 308; omaka m. ukkaṭṭha Vin. IV, 243; khuddaka m. mahā Vism. 100; lāmaka m. paṇīta (i.e. lokuttara) DhsA. 45 (dhammā); paritta-m-uḷāra Sdhp. 260. ‹-› (b) of time: paṭhame yāme majjhima° pacchima° J. I, 75; id. with vaye PvA. 5.—2. (nt.) majjhimaṃ the waist, in cpd. su-majjhimā (f.) a woman with beautiful waist ) V, 4. (Page 515)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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