Sarasvata, Sārasvata: 21 definitions


Sarasvata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—See under Apāntaratamas. (See full article at Story of Sārasvata from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—An ancient hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 7, that Sārasvata was the son of Dadhīca. Dadhīca once happened to see the celestial maid Alambuṣā and became excited, and seminal discharge occurred to him. The semen fell in the river Sarasvatī. The river became pregnant and delivered a child. This child grew up and became the famous hermit named Sārasvata.

2) After the death of the hermit Dadhīci, due to scarcity of rain a great famine occurred which lasted for twelve years. When the famine became unbearable all the hermits on the basin and banks of the river Sarasvatī began to migrate to other places leaving all their possessions behind, to save their lives. But Sārasvata alone remained on the banks of Sarasvatī, living on fish obtained from the river, engaged in meditation and study of Vedas.

3) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—A hermit who lived in the western regions. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 201, Verse 30, that this Sārasvata was the son of the hermit Atri.

4) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—Mention is made in Padma Purāṇa, Svargakhaṇḍa, about another hermit Sārasvata, who taught the Vedas to several disciples in Tuṅgakāraṇya.

5) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—The people who lived in a particular region of Western Bhārata. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—A son of Dadhici and Sarasvatī; knew the yoga power of Hari;1 a mantrakṛt and a sage. The 9th Vedavyāsa; avatār of the Lord Ṛṣabha;2 heard the vāyu purāṇa from Vasiṣṭha and narrated it to Tridhāman.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 45; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 91.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 119; III, 1. 94; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 99; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 143; 59. 96.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 4. 60-61 Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 60.

1b) The 12th kalpa;1 an account of it in the bhāgavata.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 290. 5;
  • 2) Ib. 53. 21.

1c) A son of Jaigīṣavya, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 139.

1d) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Purukutsa (Dadhicī) and narrated it to Parāśara (Bhṛgu).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2. 9. Viṣṇu-purāṇa 8. 44.

1e) A Vedavyāsa of the ninth dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 13.

1f) A people; a western country.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 62; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 50.

1g) A tīrtha sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 63.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.81.115). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sārasvata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—Name of a grammar work which was once very popular on account of its brevity, believed to have been written in the sutra form by an ancient grammarian named Narendra who is said to have composed 700 sutras under the inspiration of Sarasvati.The exposition of these Sutras by a reputed grammarian named Anubhutisvarupacarya who possibly flourished in the thirteenth century A. D., is known by the name सारस्वतप्रक्रिया (sārasvataprakriyā) which has remained as a text book on grammar to the present day in some parts of India. This प्रक्रिया (prakriyā) is popularly known as सारस्वतव्याकरण (sārasvatavyākaraṇa). The technical terms in this grammar are the current popular ones.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to “acquiring eloquence” and represents a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 70-71: “one should fix the mind firmly, focusing on the four-petalled lotus of the secret place at the bottom. One will accomplish the rasa-siddhi, likewise, vaśya, ākṛṣṭi, kālavacana (cheating death), kāryārambhana (operation) of poison, bhūta, and so on, gamāgama (going to and fro), sārasvata (acquiring eloquence), and stambhana, through japa, using the leftward flow [of prāṇa (breath)]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to the the countries bordering on the Sarasvatī, belonging to “Madhyadeśa (central division)” classified under the constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa represent the Madhyadeśa or central division consisting of the countries of [i.e., Sārasvata] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to one of the nine divisions of the Lokāntika-gods, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] while in this way the Supreme Lord’s mind was woven with the threads of continuity of disgust with saṃsāra, then the Lokāntika-gods who have nine sub-divisions—Sārasvatas, Ādityas, Vahnis, Aruṇas, Gardatoyas, Tuṣitas, Avyābādhas, Maruts, and Riṣṭas, living at the end of Brahmaloka, having additional ornaments made by folded hands like lotus-buds on their heads, came to the feet of the Lord of the World”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to a group of Brahmins (on the banks of river Sarasvatī) to which belonged Durgāsahāya (C. 1775-1850 C.E.): author of Vṛttavivecana and the son of Vilāsa and grandson of Śrīrāma Miśra. Durgāsahāya hailed from Pañcāla (presently Punjab) and belonged to the class of Sārasvata Brahmins, who were resided on the banks of river Sarasvatī. He belonged to Vatsagotra and his family name is Jaitaliya (K. V. Sarma says that this Jaitali is modern Jaitely).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārasvata (सारस्वत).—m (S) A tribe of Brahmans, or an individual of it. Whether from their coming from the country Saraswat (the north-west part of the province of Delhi), or from their supposed descent from a saint of this name sprung from the personified river Saraswati

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārasvata (सारस्वत).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—a. (- f.) [सरस्वती देवतास्य, सरस्वत्या इदं वा अण् (sarasvatī devatāsya, sarasvatyā idaṃ vā aṇ)]

1) Relating to the goddess Sarasvatī.

2) Belonging to the river Sarasvatī कृत्वा तासामभिगममपां सौम्य सारस्वतीनाम् (kṛtvā tāsāmabhigamamapāṃ saumya sārasvatīnām) Meghadūta 51.

3) Eloquent.

4) Belonging to the Sāravata country.

-taḥ 1 Name of a country about the river Sarasvatī.

2) Name of a particular class of Brāhmaṇas.

3) A particular ceremonial used in the worship of Sarasvatī.

4) A staff of the Bilva tree.

5) Name of a certain sage; सारस्वतश्चापि जगाद नष्टम् (sārasvataścāpi jagāda naṣṭam) (vedam) Bu. Ch.1.48.

-tāḥ (m. pl). The people of the Sārasvata country.

-tam speech, eloquence; शृङ्गारसारस्वतम् (śṛṅgārasārasvatam) Gītagovinda 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tī-taṃ) 1. Relating to the goddess Saraswati, or to the river, &c. 2. Eloquent, learned. m. Plu.

(-tāḥ) 1. The people of the Saraswata country, or the north-west part of the province of Delhi. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A staff of the Vilwa tree. 2. The north-west part of the province of Delhi or part of the Punjab. 3. A saint, sprung according to the legend, indirectly from the personified river Saraswati. 4. A Brahman of a particular family, called Saraswata, from his coming from that country or supposed descent from the sanctified person last mentioned. 5. A particular ceremonial used in the worship of Saraswati. E. sarasvatī the goddess, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—i. e. sarasvant + ī + a, I. adj., f. , 1. Relating to the goddess Sarasvatī, 2. Relating or belonging to the river Sarasvatī, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 50. 3. Eloquent. Ii. m. 1. A staff of the Vilva tree. 2. The name of a country; pl. its people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—[feminine] ī coming from or relating to Sarasvatī; [neuter] eloquence.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—grammar, by Narendrācārya.
—[commentary] by Kṣemendra Sūri. Rgb. 496.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sārasvata (सारस्वत):—mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to Sarasvat (q.v.) or to Sarasvatī (the river or the goddess) derived or coming from them, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) relating to the Ṛṣi Sārasvata, [Mahābhārata]

3) belonging to the Sārasvata country, [Mahābhārata]

4) eloquent, learned, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) m. a Bilva stick, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a Ṛṣi (fabled to have sprung from the personified Sarasvatī river), [Mahābhārata] (also tā gaṇāḥ), [Harivaṃśa]

7) of a Vyāsa, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

8) ([plural]) Name of a people dwelling on the S° river (id est. in the north-west part of the province of Delhi including part of the Panjāb), [Atharva-veda.Pariś.; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Purāṇa]

9) ([plural]) Name of a [particular] tribe of Brāhmans (so called as coming from the above country or as supposed to be descended from the above Ṛṣi), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) (sg.) the twelfth Kalpa or day of Brahmā, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

11) a staff of the Bilva tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) a [particular] ceremonial in the worship of Sarasvatī, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

13) n. a [particular] Sattra, [Jaimini]

14) eloquence, [Prasannarāghava]

15) n. Name of a grammar (= f.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत):—[sāra-svata] (taḥ-tī-taṃ) m. Staff of the Vilva tree; part of Punjab; a sage. a. Of the goddess of speech; of the Saraswatī river; eloquent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sārassaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarasvata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) [Also spelled sarasvat]:—(a) pertaining to Saraswati:—the goddess of learning/the invisible river (so-named); (nm) ancient name for the tract of land lying on the bank of river Saraswati:.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarasvata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sārasvata (ಸಾರಸ್ವತ):—

1) [adjective] of, relating to, endowed by Sarasvati, the Goddess of Learning, Knowledge and Speech.

2) [adjective] concerned with knowledge, learning or speech.

--- OR ---

Sārasvata (ಸಾರಸ್ವತ):—

1) [noun] the systematised knowledge of a learned person, exhibiting accuracy, critical ability, and thoroughness; erudition; scholarship.

2) [noun] the celebrated river in the Punjab region of North-West India, (now dried completely, but believed to be flowing underground) on the bank of which the Vedic culture of Sanātana Dharma developed; the region on the banks of this river.

3) [noun] a clan of brāhmaṇa originally belonged to this region, now settled in the coastal districts of Karnāṭaka.

4) [noun] a scholarly work (as of a scholar, researcher, etc.).

5) [noun] a learned person; a scholar.

6) [noun] any vernacular dialect cognate with Saṃskřta (any of the four main dialects viz. Śaurasēni, Mahāraṣṭri, Apabhramśa and Paiśaci).

7) [noun] (jain.) a class of jaina gods.

8) [noun] a god of this class.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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