Sarasvata, Sārasvata: 14 definitions


Sarasvata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sarasvata in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—See under Apāntaratamas. (See full article at Story of Sārasvata from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—An ancient hermit. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 51, Verse 7, that Sārasvata was the son of Dadhīca. Dadhīca once happened to see the celestial maid Alambuṣā and became excited, and seminal discharge occurred to him. The semen fell in the river Sarasvatī. The river became pregnant and delivered a child. This child grew up and became the famous hermit named Sārasvata.

2) After the death of the hermit Dadhīci, due to scarcity of rain a great famine occurred which lasted for twelve years. When the famine became unbearable all the hermits on the basin and banks of the river Sarasvatī began to migrate to other places leaving all their possessions behind, to save their lives. But Sārasvata alone remained on the banks of Sarasvatī, living on fish obtained from the river, engaged in meditation and study of Vedas.

3) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—A hermit who lived in the western regions. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 201, Verse 30, that this Sārasvata was the son of the hermit Atri.

4) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—Mention is made in Padma Purāṇa, Svargakhaṇḍa, about another hermit Sārasvata, who taught the Vedas to several disciples in Tuṅgakāraṇya.

5) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—The people who lived in a particular region of Western Bhārata. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—A son of Dadhici and Sarasvatī; knew the yoga power of Hari;1 a mantrakṛt and a sage. The 9th Vedavyāsa; avatār of the Lord Ṛṣabha;2 heard the vāyu purāṇa from Vasiṣṭha and narrated it to Tridhāman.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 45; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 105; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 91.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 119; III, 1. 94; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 99; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 143; 59. 96.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 4. 60-61 Vāyu-purāṇa 103. 60.

1b) The 12th kalpa;1 an account of it in the bhāgavata.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 290. 5;
  • 2) Ib. 53. 21.

1c) A son of Jaigīṣavya, an avatār of the Lord.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 139.

1d) Heard the viṣṇu purāṇa from Purukutsa (Dadhicī) and narrated it to Parāśara (Bhṛgu).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2. 9. Viṣṇu-purāṇa 8. 44.

1e) A Vedavyāsa of the ninth dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 13.

1f) A people; a western country.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 10. 34; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 62; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 50.

1g) A tīrtha sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 63.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.81.115). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sārasvata) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—Name of a grammar work which was once very popular on account of its brevity, believed to have been written in the sutra form by an ancient grammarian named Narendra who is said to have composed 700 sutras under the inspiration of Sarasvati.The exposition of these Sutras by a reputed grammarian named Anubhutisvarupacarya who possibly flourished in the thirteenth century A. D., is known by the name सारस्वतप्रक्रिया (sārasvataprakriyā) which has remained as a text book on grammar to the present day in some parts of India. This प्रक्रिया (prakriyā) is popularly known as सारस्वतव्याकरण (sārasvatavyākaraṇa). The technical terms in this grammar are the current popular ones.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sarasvata in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to “acquiring eloquence” and represents a ritual according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 70-71: “one should fix the mind firmly, focusing on the four-petalled lotus of the secret place at the bottom. One will accomplish the rasa-siddhi, likewise, vaśya, ākṛṣṭi, kālavacana (cheating death), kāryārambhana (operation) of poison, bhūta, and so on, gamāgama (going to and fro), sārasvata (acquiring eloquence), and stambhana, through japa, using the leftward flow [of prāṇa (breath)]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Sārasvata (सारस्वत) refers to a group of Brahmins (on the banks of river Sarasvatī) to which belonged Durgāsahāya (C. 1775-1850 C.E.): author of Vṛttavivecana and the son of Vilāsa and grandson of Śrīrāma Miśra. Durgāsahāya hailed from Pañcāla (presently Punjab) and belonged to the class of Sārasvata Brahmins, who were resided on the banks of river Sarasvatī. He belonged to Vatsagotra and his family name is Jaitaliya (K. V. Sarma says that this Jaitali is modern Jaitely).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sarasvata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sārasvata (सारस्वत).—m (S) A tribe of Brahmans, or an individual of it. Whether from their coming from the country Saraswat (the north-west part of the province of Delhi), or from their supposed descent from a saint of this name sprung from the personified river Saraswati

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sārasvata (सारस्वत).—m A tribe of Brahmans or an individual of it.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Sarasvata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—a. (- f.) [सरस्वती देवतास्य, सरस्वत्या इदं वा अण् (sarasvatī devatāsya, sarasvatyā idaṃ vā aṇ)]

1) Relating to the goddess Sarasvatī.

2) Belonging to the river Sarasvatī कृत्वा तासामभिगममपां सौम्य सारस्वतीनाम् (kṛtvā tāsāmabhigamamapāṃ saumya sārasvatīnām) Me.51.

3) Eloquent.

4) Belonging to the Sāravata country.

-taḥ 1 Name of a country about the river Sarasvatī.

2) Name of a particular class of Brāhmaṇas.

3) A particular ceremonial used in the worship of Sarasvatī.

4) A staff of the Bilva tree.

5) Name of a certain sage; सारस्वतश्चापि जगाद नष्टम् (sārasvataścāpi jagāda naṣṭam) (vedam) Bu. Ch.1.48.

-tāḥ (m. pl). The people of the Sārasvata country.

-tam speech, eloquence; शृङ्गारसारस्वतम् (śṛṅgārasārasvatam) Gīt.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tī-taṃ) 1. Relating to the goddess Saraswati, or to the river, &c. 2. Eloquent, learned. m. Plu.

(-tāḥ) 1. The people of the Saraswata country, or the north-west part of the province of Delhi. m.

(-taḥ) 1. A staff of the Vilwa tree. 2. The north-west part of the province of Delhi or part of the Punjab. 3. A saint, sprung according to the legend, indirectly from the personified river Saraswati. 4. A Brahman of a particular family, called Saraswata, from his coming from that country or supposed descent from the sanctified person last mentioned. 5. A particular ceremonial used in the worship of Saraswati. E. sarasvatī the goddess, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārasvata (सारस्वत).—[feminine] ī coming from or relating to Sarasvatī; [neuter] eloquence.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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