Kushavati, Kusavati, Kuśavatī, Kusāvātī: 11 definitions


Kushavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kuśavatī can be transliterated into English as Kusavati or Kushavati, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kushavati in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kuśāvatī (कुशावती).—Name of a river (nadī) situated near the seven great mountains on the western side of mount Naiṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These settlements consume the water flowing from these seven great mountains (Viśākha, Kambala, Jayanta, Kṛṣṇa, Harita, Aśoka and Vardhamāna). Niṣadha (Naiṣadha) is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuśavatī (कुशवती).—A city in Devaloka, where the Devas once conducted a mantra yajña. It was on his way to participate in this yajña that Agastya cursed Kubera and his attendant Maṇimān. (Vana Parva, Chapter 161, Verse 54).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kuśavatī (कुशवती).—The Apsara clan.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 22.

1b) A R. of the Ketumāla continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 44. 18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A city in the kingdom of the Mallas. In the present age it was called Kusinara. Once it was the royal city of Maha Sudassana and was twelve leagues in length and twelve in breadth, prosperous and full of people, like Alakamanda (D.ii.146f; J.i.392; Cyp.i.4; Dvy.227). It was then at the head of eighty four Towns (S.iii.144).

The Maha Sudassana Sutta (D.ii.170f ) contains a long description of the city. It was the capital of several kings of the Mahasammata dynasty (Mhv.ii.7; Dpv.iii.9), including Okkaka, father of Kusa (J.v.278ff).

In the time of the Buddha Metteya, Kusavati will be known as Ketumati (Anagat.v.18).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Kusāvati (कुसावति) or Kusīnārā refers to an ancient capital of Malla: one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas of the Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—The Mallaraṭṭha or Mallārāṣṭra has been mentioned in the Aṅguttara Nikāya as one of the sixteen Mahājanapadas. The kingdom was divided into two parts which had for their capitals the cities of Kusāvati or Kusīnārā and Pāvā identical probably with Kasia (on the smaller Gondak and in the east of the Gorakhpur district) and a village named Padaraona (12 miles to the north-east of Kasia) respectively.

The Mallas had at first a monarchical constitution when their capital city had been known as Kusāvatī. But later on, in the time of the Buddha, when the monarchy came to he replaced by a republican constitution, the name of the city was changed to Kusīnārā.

In the Mahāparinibbāna Suttanta of the Dīgha Nikāya it is stated that Ānanda requested the Buddha not to attain Mahāparinibbāna in a small town like Kusīnārā. He suggested the names of great cities like Campā, Rājagaha, Sāvatthī, Sāketa, Kosambī, and Bārāṇasī. But the Blessed One selected Kusīnārā as the place of his Mahāparinibbāna and silenced Ānanda by narrating the former glories of Kusāvatī. The ancient city of Kusāvatī had seven ramparts, four gates, and seven avenues of palm trees. The Buddha himself says that Kusīnārā is ancient Kusāvatī. It was a capital city, and was 12 yojanas in length from east to west, and 7 yojanas in width north to south.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kushavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuśāvatī (कुशावती).—Name of a city; The capital of Kuśa, Rāma's son; see कुश (kuśa); cf. कुशावतीं श्रोत्रियसात् स कृत्वा (kuśāvatīṃ śrotriyasāt sa kṛtvā) R.16.25,15.97.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kuśāvatī (कुशावती).—(1) name given to Kuśa's city: Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.106.18: (2) (= Pali Kusā°) former name of Kuśinagarī: MPS 34.1 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuśāvatī (कुशावती).—[feminine] [Name] of a town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuśavatī (कुशवती):—[=kuśa-vatī] [from kuśa-vat > kuśa] f. Name of a town (= -sthalī), [Mahābhārata iii, 11792] (cf. kuśā-vatī)

2) Kuśāvatī (कुशावती):—[=kuśā-vatī] [from kuśa] f. Name of a town (residence of Kuśa son of Rāma), [Rāmāyaṇa; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Raghuvaṃśa; Divyāvadāna]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kushavati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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