Kuhaka: 19 definitions


Kuhaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kuhak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kuhaka (कुहक).—A chief of the Krodhavaśa group of serpents (Nāgas).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 29.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (shaktism)

Kuhaka (कुहक) or Kuhakatantra refers to one of the twenty-three Vāmatantras, belonging to the Śāktāgama (or Śāktatantra) division of the Āgama tradition. The Śāktāgamas represent the wisdom imparted by Devī to Īśvara and convey the idea that the worship of Śakti is the means to attain liberation. According to the Pratiṣṭhālakṣaṇasamuccaya of Vairocana, the Śāktatantras are divided into to four parts, the Kuhaka-tantra belonging to the Vāma class.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kuhaka (कुहक) refers to “trickery”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] A pretentious Jyotiṣaka [i.e., kuhaka] whose knowledge of the science has been picked up from what has occasionally fallen on his ears ought not to be consulted. He who, not having studied the science, passes for a Jyotiṣaka is a sinner and a disgrace to society. He who ridicules the words of a Jyotiṣaka, as well as the person who sneers at the science itself, will suffer miseries in the hell of darkness”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Kuhaka (कुहक) refers to “jugglery”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 226).—There are apparently several Tantric rites that Bāṇa pejoratively associates with the priest: he, “the ageing Draviḍa religious man” “demeans Durgā with his prayers for the boon of sovereignty over the Southern lands”; “he had copied a hymn to Durgā (durgāstotra) on a strip of cloth”, “he had collected palm-leaf manuscripts of spells, Tantras and jugglery (kuhaka) the letters of which were written in red lac and fumigated with smoke” [...].

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kuhaka (कुहक) refers to “astonishing (magical) feats”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] By astonishing, [magical] feats (kuhaka) such as [creating] enmity [among friends], driving off and killing [adversaries] and by [tantric] mantras [of all kinds], [deluded] multiplicity multiplies. By all [yogic] practices, the various Bandhas and Mudrās, nothing but union with ignorance [is achieved]. Meditation on points in the body, the channels [of vitality] and the six Cakras is an error of mind. Therefore, having abandoned all that, [because it has been] constructed by the mind, resort to the no-mind [state]. [...]”.

Note: The word kuhaka has a more specific meaning than “trickery” in the general sense, because its context is magic. The terms dveṣa, uccātaṇa and māraṇa are clear references to three of the six magical rites in Tantra, called the ṣaṭkarma. In his commentary to the Svacchandatantra (11.197), Kṣemarāja provides the following definition: “Kuhaka is that which causes astonishment and convinces those of limited understanding. It is chiefly magic”. In his commentary on the Netratantra (18.89), Kṣemarāja glosses kuhakāni as: “Deceitful (things) such as amulets of control, witches, etc.”. These glosses affirm that kuhaka can be understood more specifically to mean an astonishing, magical feat rather than its general sense of something that causes astonishment, the latter definition being that of Dhātupāṭha 10.443.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuhaka : (adj.) deceitful. (m.) a cheat.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuhaka, (der. fr. prec. ) deceitful, cheating; a cheat, a fraud, combined with lapaka D. I, 8; A. III, 111.—A. V, 159 sq.; Sn. 984, 987; J. I, 375 (°tāpasa); DhA. IV, 152 (°brāhmaṇa); IV, 153 (°cora); Miln. 310, 357; PvA. 13; DA. I, 91. (Page 224)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक).—[Uṇādi-sūtra 2.37]

1) A cheat, rogue, juggler; यथा दारुमयी योषिन्नृत्यते कुहकेच्छया (yathā dārumayī yoṣinnṛtyate kuhakecchayā) Bhāgavata 1.54.12.

-kam, -kā Jugglery, deception; इन्द्रजालं च मायां वै कुहका वाऽपि भीषणा (indrajālaṃ ca māyāṃ vai kuhakā vā'pi bhīṣaṇā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.16.55. धाम्ना स्वेन सदा निरस्तकुहकं सत्यं परं धीमहि (dhāmnā svena sadā nirastakuhakaṃ satyaṃ paraṃ dhīmahi) Bhāgavata 1.1.1.

Derivable forms: kuhakaḥ (कुहकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक).—adj. or subst. m. (= Pali id.; see next), hypocritical, or a hypocrite (in the sense explained s.v. kuhana): Śikṣāsamuccaya 20.16 kuhako vatāyaṃ, lapako vatāyaṃ, naṣṭadharmo…

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Kūhaka (कूहक) or Akūhaka.—adj., (not) deceiving: Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 16(352).18 sumanāś ca akūhakaś ca; probably m.c. for Sanskrit kuhaka. Cf. next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) A cheat, a rogue, a juggler. m.

(-kaḥ) Juggling, deception, slight-of-hand, &c. E. kuh to astonish, kvun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक).—[kuh + aka] (kuh probably = ), I. adj., f. , and sbst. Deceiving, a cheat, Mahābhārata 3, 14718; a juggler, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 15, 21. Ii. m. 1. A kind of frog, [Suśruta] 2, 290, 6. 2. The name of a king of the Nāgas or serpents, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 24, 29. Iii. n. and f. , Juggling, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 101; Mahābhārata 5, 5461.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक).—[masculine] cheat, deceiver, juggler; [feminine] ā and [neuter] juggling, deception.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuhaka (कुहक):—[from kuh] 1. kuhaka m. ([Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 38]) a cheat, rogue, juggler, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

2) [v.s. ...] an impostor, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of frog, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Nāga prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] n. juggling, deception, trickery, [Hitopadeśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

6) Kuhakā (कुहका):—[from kuhaka > kuh] f. idem, [Mahābhārata v, 5461.]

7) Kuhaka (कुहक):—2. kuhaka ind. onomatopoetic from the cry of a cock, etc., only in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. Juggling; a cheat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuhaka (कुहक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuhaga, Kuhaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuhaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kuhaka (कुहक) [Also spelled kuhak]:—(nf) cooing, twittering (of a cuckoo); warbling; melodious notes.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuhaka (ಕುಹಕ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of cheating; a dishonest action or trick; fraud; deceit.

2) [noun] a jeering cry or remark; sarcastic or derisive comment.

3) [noun] the supposed use of an evil supernatural power over people and their affairs; witchcraft; black magic; sorcery.

4) [noun] a man who cheats; a fraud.

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Kūhaka (ಕೂಹಕ):—[noun] The action or practice of deceiving; concealment or misrepresentation of the truth in order to mislead; deception, fraud, cheating.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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