Tikta, aka: Tiktā; 8 Definition(s)


Tikta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Tiktā (तिक्ता):—Another name for Kaṭuka (Helleborus niger), a species of medicinal plant and used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The Sanskrit word Tiktā is derived from Tikta, meaning “fragrance” or “bitter, pungent”. This synonym is also identified by Bhāvamiśra in his 16th century Bhāvaprakāśa. Certain plant parts are eaten as vegetables.

2) Tikta (तिक्त) is another name for Paṭola (Trichosanthes dioica, “pointed gourd”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. Certain plant parts of Paṭola are eaten as vegetables.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Tikta—A taste, which gives rise to a sort of sucking sensation at the throat, removes the slimy character of the cavity of the mouth, gives rise to the appearance of goose-flesh on the skin, and increases the relish for food, is called bitter (Tikta).

The specific attributes of air (vāyu or pavana) and sky (ākāśa) predominate in a bitter taste.

The pungent, astringent and bitter ones are dry and light in character.
The tastes such as sweet, bitter and astringent are cold in their properties.
Tastes such as sweet, bitter and astringent possessed of the virtue of subduing the deranged Pittam.
Tastes such as pungent, bitter and astringent tend to subdue the deranged Kapham.

Virtue of Tikta—A bitter taste serves to restore the natural relish of a person for food and brings on a sense of general languor. It is a good appetiser, and acts as a good purifying agent (in respect of ulcers, etc.), and proves curative in itches and urticaria. It removes thirst, swoon and fever, purifies mother’s milk, and is possessed of the virtue of drying up urine, ordure, mucous, fat and pus, etc.

A bitter taste, though possessed of the aforesaid properties, may bring on numbness of the limbs, wry-neck, convulsions, facial paralysis, violent headache, giddiness, and an aching, cutting and breaking pain, as well as a bad taste in the mouth in the event of its being largely partaken of in exclusion of all other tastes.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Bitter (Tikta) increases vata, decreases pitta and kapha—Of the six tastes, bitter is the coolest and lightest, making it best for pitta and least effective for vata, especially when taken without a proper balance of other tastes. Air and ether comprise this rasa, whose virya is cooling and whose vipak is pungent, making it quite cooling in the short term, but warming in the big picture. Kapha benefits from foods like dark leafy greens that abound with the bitter taste while providing calming magnesium and calcium. Dandelion root, turmeric, and fenugreek are also great sources of bitterness with cool and drying qualities.

Source: Gaiam life: The Six Tastes of Ayurveda

1) Tiktā (तिक्ता) is another name for Mūrvā, a medicinal plant identified with Marsdenia tenacissima from the Asclepiadoideae or “milkweed family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.19-21 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Tiktā and Mūrvā, there are a total of twenty-eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Tiktā (तिक्ता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Tiktatuṇḍī, a medicinal plant identified with Coccinia indica (ivy gourd ) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.64-65.

3) Tiktā (तिक्ता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Yavatiktā, a medicinal plant identified with Andrographis paniculata (creat or green chireta) from the Acanthaceae or “acanthus family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.76-78.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Tikta (तिक्त, “bitter”) refers to one of the “six kinds of tastes” (rasa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 36). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., tikta). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Tikta (तिक्त, “bitter”) refers to one of the five types of Rasa (taste) which represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the taste attribute to the body are called taste body-making karma (eg., tikta).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tikta (तिक्त).—a. [tij-bā° kartari kta]

1) Bitter, pungent (as one of the six flavours of Rasas); तस्यास्तिक्तैर्वनगजम- दैर्वासितं वान्तवृष्टिः (tasyāstiktairvanagajama- dairvāsitaṃ vāntavṛṣṭiḥ) Me.2.

2) Fragrant; कटुतिक्तकषायास्तु सौरभ्येऽपि प्रकीर्तिताः (kaṭutiktakaṣāyāstu saurabhye'pi prakīrtitāḥ)' इति केशवः (iti keśavaḥ) Śi.5.33; तोयक्रीडानिरतयुवति- स्नानतिक्तैर्मरुद्भिः (toyakrīḍāniratayuvati- snānatiktairmarudbhiḥ) Me.33.

-ktaḥ 1 Bitter taste; (see under kaṭu).

2) The Kuṭaja tree.

3) Pungency.

4) Fragrance.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 61 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kirātatikta (किराततिक्त).—Name of a medicinal herb (Mar. kirāīta, cirāīta).Derivable forms: kir...
Yavatiktā (यवतिक्ता) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Andrographis pa...
Pañcatikta (पञ्चतिक्त).—the five bitter things:-निवामृतावृषपटोलनिदिग्धिकाश्च (nivāmṛtāvṛṣapaṭol...
Mahātiktā (महातिक्ता) is another name for Yavatiktā, a medicinal plant identified with Androgra...
Tiktatuṇḍī (तिक्ततुण्डी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Coccinia in...
Ardhatikta (अर्धतिक्त).—Name of a plant (nepālanimba Mar. cirāīta). Derivable forms: ardhatikta...
Tiktaphala (तिक्तफल).—the clearing-nut plant. Derivable forms: tiktaphalaḥ (तिक्तफलः).Tiktaphal...
Tiktataṇḍulā (तिक्ततण्डुला).—long peper (Mar. piṃpaḷī). Tiktataṇḍulā is a Sanskrit compound con...
Tiktamarica (तिक्तमरिच).—the clearing-nut plant. Derivable forms: tiktamaricaḥ (तिक्तमरिचः).Tik...
Vanatikta (वनतिक्त).—the yellow myrobalan tree. Derivable forms: vanatiktaḥ (वनतिक्तः).Vanatikt...
Kaṭutiktā (कटुतिक्ता).—= कटुतुम्बी (kaṭutumbī). Kaṭutiktā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of ...
Tiktagandhā (तिक्तगन्धा).—mustard. Tiktagandhā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms t...
Tiktaśāka (तिक्तशाक).—a bitter (or fragrant) pot-herb (Mar. vāyavarṇā); Rāj. T.5.49.Derivable f...
Anāryatikta (अनार्यतिक्त).—[anāryapriyaḥ tiktaḥ śāka. ta.] Name of the plant Gentiana Cherayta ...
Kāṇḍatikta (काण्डतिक्त).—Name of a tree (Mar. kāḍecirāīta). Derivable forms: kāṇḍatiktaḥ (काण्ड...

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