Kapishthala, Kapiṣṭhala, Kapisthala, Kapi-shthala, Kapi-sthala: 9 definitions


Kapishthala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kapiṣṭhala can be transliterated into English as Kapisthala or Kapishthala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Kapishthala in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas

Kapisthala (or Kṛṣṇāraṇyakṣetra) refers to Kavittalam, one of the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desam (divyadeśas or divyasthalas), located in the topographical division of Cōḻanāṭu (“Chola country”), according to the 9th century Nālāyirativviyappirapantam (shortly Nālāyiram).—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. The list of 108 [viz., Kapisthala] seems to have reached maturation by about the early 9th century CE as all the deśas are extolled in the hymns of the twelve Āḻvārs.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Kapishthala in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kāpiṣṭhala (कापिष्ठल) refers to a country belonging to “Madhyadeśa (central division)” classified under the constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa represent the Madhyadeśa or central division consisting of the countries of [i.e., Kāpiṣṭhala] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kapishthala in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapiṣṭhala (कपिष्ठल).—Name of a sage, originating a line of descendants कपिष्ठलो गोत्रे (kapiṣṭhalo gotre) P.VIII.3.91.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapisthala (कपिस्थल).—n.

(-laṃ) A place frequented by monkies. E. kapi, and sthala place.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapiṣṭhala (कपिष्ठल).—[masculine] [Name] of a Ṛṣi, [plural] his descendants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kapiṣṭhala (कपिष्ठल):—[=kapi-ṣṭhala] [from kapi] m. Name of a Ṛṣi, [Pāṇini; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the descendants of the above [gana] upakādi, [Pāṇini 2-4, 69]

3) Kapisthala (कपिस्थल):—[=kapi-sthala] [from kapi] n. the abode of an ape, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 8-3, 91.]

4) Kāpiṣṭhala (कापिष्ठल):—m. a son or descendant of Kapiṣṭhala [commentator or commentary] on [Nirukta, by Yāska iv, 14]

5) m. [plural] Name of a people (cf. Καμβισθολοί), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapisthala (कपिस्थल):—[kapi-sthala] (laṃ) 1. n. Monkey’s haunt.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kapishthala in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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