Kapi, Kāpi, Kāpī: 27 definitions


Kapi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kapi (कपि) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mānasa and mount Gandhamādana, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Gandhamādana mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kāpī (कापी).—A river. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 24).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kapi (कपि).—Asura (?) vanquished by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 34.

1b) An Aṅgirasa and mantrakṛt; a kṣatropetadvija;1 a Bhārgava.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 109; III. 66. 86.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 195. 33.

1c) Had two sons Pisācas Aja and Śaṇḍa, who were Kūṣmāṇḍas in the previous birth; their line described.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 74-88.

1d) A god of Sukarmaṇa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 88.

1e) A sage of the Tāmasa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 15.

1f) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 21.

1g) A rājaṛṣi becoming a Brāhmaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 115.

1h) A son of Viśālā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 163.

1i) A son of Durukṣaya, became a Brāhmaṇa (matsya p. speaks of three branches of Kavi Brāhmaṇas).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 25, 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kapi (कपि) refers to the animal “Nilgiri Langur” (Presbytis johni).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Kapi] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kapi (कपि) refers to the Nilgiri Langur (Presbytis Johni), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Kapi (कपि) refers to a “monkey”, according to Āyurveda sections in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—The treatment pertains to horses was described in detail in Garuḍapuraāṇa Ācārakhaṇḍa the chapter entitled Gajāśvāyurveda.There are many types of horses but the horse, which does not possess one of the various features [e.g., Kapilocana (monkey-eyed)], is considered as healthy and fit one. Such type of horses only useful for riding, wars and other purposes.

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

1) Kāpī (कापी) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of Maṇḍalī-snake-bites, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—A number of different permutation and combination of herbs are prescribed as Lepa and Pāna for removing the poison of Maṇḍalī snakes.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse 9.80: “Paste of Kāpī, blue Lotus and sesame when used for fumigation destroy the poison of Ghoṇasa snake. Also fumigation with mango bark, sesame the lorement of the Boar and feather of peacock”.

2) Kapi (कपि) refers to a “monkey”, (the bile of which is) used in the treatment (cikitsā) of immobile or plant poison (sthāvaraviṣa), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā.—Sage Kāśyapa recommends potent drugs to treat sthāvara or plant-poison. According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā (8.29-30), “The bile of pigeon, monkey (kapi), cat, iguana, mongoose, boar, and peacock, mixed with honey and stored in cow’s horn can effectively cure snake and plant poisons when used as nasal application,ointment, and so on”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Son of Kotuhalaka and his wife Kali. When his parents fled from Ajitarattha to Kosambi from fear of the plague, they, being starved, found it very difficult to carry the child. Seven times the father tried to abandon the child, but the mother prevented him. DhA.i.169f

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kapi (कपि) refers to a race or tribe of people, of which Hanumat belonged to, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.6 [Bringing news of Sītā] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, as Hanumat said to Rāma: “There are many Kapis like me. King Sugrīva says this from affection. Gava, Gavākṣa, Gavaya, Śarabha, Gandhamādana, Nīla, Dvivida, Mainda, Jāmbavat, Aṅgada, Nala, and many other Kapi-chiefs are here, master. Completing their number, I am ready to do your work. Shall I lift up Laṅkā with Rākṣasadvīpa and bring it here? [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kapi [कपि] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre from the Fabaceae (pea) family having the following synonyms: Millettia pinnata, Pongamia glabra, Derris indica, Cytisus pinnatus. For the possible medicinal usage of kapi, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kapi [காபி] in the Tamil language is the name of a plant identified with Coffea canephora Pierre ex A.Froehner from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Coffea robusta.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kapi in India is the name of a plant defined with Coffea arabica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Coffea arabica var. mokka Cramer (among others).

2) Kapi is also identified with Pterocarpus santalinus It has the synonym Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Mededeelingen uitgeven van het Department van Landbouw in NederlandschIndië (1913)
· Publications of the Bureau of Science Government Laboratories (1904)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia (1763)
· Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Rubiaceae (1988)
· Pharmaceutical Biology (2007)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kapi, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kapi : (m.) monkey.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kapi, (Sk. kapi, original designation of a brownish colour, cp. kapila & kapota) a monkey (frequent in similes) Sn. 791; Th. 1, 1080; J. I, 170; III, 148, cp. kavi.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kapi (कपि).—m (S) An ape or a monkey. 2 Applied fig. to some elderly, experienced, leading person of an assembly; or to one long conversant with any business or work.

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kapī (कपी).—f A patch. 2 A pulley-block. 3 A piece cut out of a melon or gourd to declare its quality.

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kapi (कपि).—m A tribe of Brahmans, or an individual of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kapi (कपि).—m An ape or a monkey. One long conversant with any business or work.

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kapī (कपी) [-ppī, -प्पी].—f A patch; a pulley-block.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—[kap-in nalopaḥ; Uṇādi-sūtra 4.143.]

1) An ape, a monkey; कपेरत्रासिषुर्नादात् (kaperatrāsiṣurnādāt) Bhaṭṭikāvya 9.11.

2) An elephant.

3) A species of Karañja.

4) Incense, storax or impure benzoin (śilārasa).

5) The sun.

6) Name of Viṣṇu.

-piḥ f.

-pī A female monkey.

Derivable forms: kapiḥ (कपिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—m.

(-piḥ) 1. An ape or monkey. 2. The monkey Hanuman. 3. A title of Vishnu or Krishna. 4. Incense, storax or impure benzoin. 5. Emblic myrobalan, (Phyllanthus emblica.) 6. A kind of Bonduc or Bonducella. E. kapi to tremble, i Unadi affix, the nasal rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—i. e. kamp + i, m. 1. A monkey, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 154. A name of Viṣṇu, Mahābhārata 13, 7045.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—[masculine] ape.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kapi (कपि):—m. (√kamp, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 143]), an ape, monkey, [Ṛg-veda x, 86, 5; Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti; Suśruta] etc.

2) an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Emblica Officinalis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a species of Karañja, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Olibanum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata xiii, 7045]

8) Name of several men

9) m. [plural] Name of a school

10) f(i, ī). a female ape, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) mfn. brown [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra];

12) cf. [Greek] κήπος κεῖπος κήβος; Old [German] affo; [Anglo-Saxon] apa; [English] ape.

13) Kāpī (कापी):—f. a [patronymic] [from] kāpya

14) Name of a river, [Mahābhārata vi, 9, 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि):—(piḥ) 2. m. An ape or monkey; incense; myrobalan.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kapi (कपि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kapi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kapi (कपि):—(nm) a monkey.

2) Kāpī (कापी):—[[kāṃpī]] (nf) an exercise book; a copy ; ~[rāiṭa] copyright.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kapi (ಕಪಿ):—

1) [noun] any of various mainly long-tailed agile tree-dwelling primates of the families Cebidae, Callithricidae, and Cercopithecidae; a monkey.

2) [noun] a mischievous person, esp. a child.

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Kāpi (ಕಾಪಿ):—[noun] (mus.) a mode (more popularly called as Karnāṭaka kāpi), in Karnāṭaka system, having all the seven notes in both ascending and discending orders, but having a mutative course while ascending, derived from Kharaharapriya.

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Kāpi (ಕಾಪಿ):—[noun] = ಕಾಫಿ [kaphi]2.

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Kāpi (ಕಾಪಿ):—

1) [noun] a thing made just like another; imitation of an original; full reproduction or transcription; a copy.

2) [noun] a method of learning alphabets using a book containing models of handwriting.

3) [noun] ಕಾಪಿಮಾಡು [kapimadu] kāpi māḍu to copy a) to make a copy or copies of (a piece of writing, etc.); reproduce; transcribe; b) to make or do something in imitation of (some thing or person); imitate; ಕಾಪಿ ಹೊಡೆ [kapi hode] kāpi hoḍe (esp. in school examination) to copy the answers from another’s papers or from a book, notes, etc.

4) [noun] (gen.) to copy illegaly or unethically, to imitate.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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