Kapi, Kāpi, Kāpī: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kapi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kapi (कपि) is the name of a mountain situated at lake Mānasa and mount Gandhamādana, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 75. The Gandhamādana mountain lies on the eastern side of mount Meru, which is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kāpī (कापी).—A river. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 24).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kapi (कपि).—Asura (?) vanquished by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 34.

1b) An Aṅgirasa and mantrakṛt; a kṣatropetadvija;1 a Bhārgava.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 109; III. 66. 86.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 195. 33.

1c) Had two sons Pisācas Aja and Śaṇḍa, who were Kūṣmāṇḍas in the previous birth; their line described.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 74-88.

1d) A god of Sukarmaṇa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 88.

1e) A sage of the Tāmasa epoch.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 15.

1f) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 21.

1g) A rājaṛṣi becoming a Brāhmaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 115.

1h) A son of Viśālā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 163.

1i) A son of Durukṣaya, became a Brāhmaṇa (matsya p. speaks of three branches of Kavi Brāhmaṇas).*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 25, 26.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kapi (कपि) refers to the animal “Nilgiri Langur” (Presbytis johni).—The Smṛtis mention several domestic as well as wild animals that are enumerated in context of specifying expiation for killing them, the flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the Manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites, the law of transmigration due to various sins committed as well as in the context of specifying gifts to be given on various occasions. These animals [viz., Kapi] are chiefly mentioned in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [Chap.6], Gautamasmṛti [17.2 and 15.1], Śātātapasmṛti [II.45-54], Uśānasmṛti [IX.7-9; IX.12-13], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.170-171; I.175; I.258- 260], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.3;51.6;51.26;51.33;80.3-14], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.15-17], Prajāpatismṛti [Śrāddhatyājyavastuvarṇanam. 138-143], 9 Kāśyapasmṛti [Section on Prāyaścittavarṇanam], Vṛddha Hārītasmṛti [6.253-255] and Kātyāyanasmṛti [27.11].

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Kapi (कपि) refers to the Nilgiri Langur (Presbytis Johni), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Son of Kotuhalaka and his wife Kali. When his parents fled from Ajitarattha to Kosambi from fear of the plague, they, being starved, found it very difficult to carry the child. Seven times the father tried to abandon the child, but the mother prevented him. DhA.i.169f

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kapi : (m.) monkey.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kapi, (Sk. kapi, original designation of a brownish colour, cp. kapila & kapota) a monkey (frequent in similes) Sn. 791; Th. 1, 1080; J. I, 170; III, 148, cp. kavi.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kapi (कपि).—m (S) An ape or a monkey. 2 Applied fig. to some elderly, experienced, leading person of an assembly; or to one long conversant with any business or work.

--- OR ---

kapī (कपी).—f A patch. 2 A pulley-block. 3 A piece cut out of a melon or gourd to declare its quality.

--- OR ---

kapi (कपि).—m A tribe of Brahmans, or an individual of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kapi (कपि).—m An ape or a monkey. One long conversant with any business or work.

--- OR ---

kapī (कपी) [-ppī, -प्पी].—f A patch; a pulley-block.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—[kap-in nalopaḥ; Uṇ.4.143.]

1) An ape, a monkey; कपेरत्रासिषुर्नादात् (kaperatrāsiṣurnādāt) Bk.9.11.

2) An elephant.

3) A species of Karañja.

4) Incense, storax or impure benzoin (śilārasa).

5) The sun.

6) Name of Viṣṇu.

-piḥ f.

-pī A female monkey.

Derivable forms: kapiḥ (कपिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—m.

(-piḥ) 1. An ape or monkey. 2. The monkey Hanuman. 3. A title of Vishnu or Krishna. 4. Incense, storax or impure benzoin. 5. Emblic myrobalan, (Phyllanthus emblica.) 6. A kind of Bonduc or Bonducella. E. kapi to tremble, i Unadi affix, the nasal rejected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—i. e. kamp + i, m. 1. A monkey, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 154. A name of Viṣṇu, Mahābhārata 13, 7045.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि).—[masculine] ape.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kapi (कपि):—m. (√kamp, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 143]), an ape, monkey, [Ṛg-veda x, 86, 5; Atharva-veda; Manu-smṛti; Suśruta] etc.

2) an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) Emblica Officinalis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a species of Karañja, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Olibanum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata xiii, 7045]

8) Name of several men

9) m. [plural] Name of a school

10) f(i, ī). a female ape, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) mfn. brown [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra];

12) cf. [Greek] κήπος κεῖπος κήβος; Old [German] affo; [Anglo-Saxon] apa; [English] ape.

13) Kāpī (कापी):—f. a [patronymic] [from] kāpya

14) Name of a river, [Mahābhārata vi, 9, 24; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kapi (कपि):—(piḥ) 2. m. An ape or monkey; incense; myrobalan.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kapi (कपि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kapi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kapi (कपि):—(nm) a monkey.

2) Kāpī (कापी):—[[kāṃpī]] (nf) an exercise book; a copy ; ~[rāiṭa] copyright.

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