Kalandaka: 7 definitions



Kalandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kalandaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kalandaka (कलन्दक) is the name of a field and of the similarly-named owner according to appendix 4 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter V).—When he stayed at Veṇuvana, the Buddha settled by preference at Kalandaka or Karadakanivāpa [Kalandakanivāpa] (cf. Dīvya, p. 262, 143). According to some sources, this field was the property of a citizen of Rājagṛha called Kalandaka; he had made a gift of it to the heretics, but with the help of the yakṣas, he later recovered it and offered it to the Buddha

Another explanation for the name of the Kalandaka field.—A king fell asleep in this field and, about to be bitten by a snake, awoke in time at the noise of a kalandaka (squirrel, jay or magpie). Out of gratitude, he planted the field with bamboo so that the kalandakas living there would always have food (nivāpa). Hence the expression Kalandakanivāpa. The commentaries on the Udāna, I, p. 60, and on the Suttanipāta, II, p. 410, tell the story without mentioning the name of the king. But we know from the Chinese sources that it was Bimbasāra.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalandaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kalandaka : (m.) a squirrel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kalandaka, 1. a squirrel Miln. 368;— 2. an (ornamental) cloth or mat, spread as a seat J. VI, 224; —nivāpa N. of a locality in Veḷuvana, near Rājagaha, where oblations had been made to squirrels D. II, 116; Vin. I, 137; II, 105, 290, etc. (Page 198)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalandaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kalaṇḍaka (कलण्डक).—[, see kalandaka.]

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Kalandaka (कलन्दक).—(or °ntaka? karanta? variants in mss. also karañjaka, kalaṇḍaka; = Pali kaḷandaka, Jātaka (Pali) vi.224.6 mudukābhisiyā mudu-citta-kaḷandake, commentary sukhasaṃ- phassacittattharake), spread, cover for a seat: Mahāvastu i.306.9 (verse) kāśikapratyāstaraṇaṃ (? em.; mss. °tyottaraṇaṃ) suvicitra-kalandakaṃ (so 1 ms., the other °ṇḍakaṃ; Senart em. wrongly) maṇivicitraṃ; ii.38.3 (verse) read essentially with mss.: atha kanaka-m-aṣṭapādā suvicitra- kalandakā (or, with mss., °ntakā-ḥ?) maṇivicitrā (? mss. °tro or °tra); ii.470.8, for Senart's em. kilaṃjakā (pi kriyanti) mss. seem to intend karaṃjakā; context fits our word as to meaning; note, however, that in the next line (9) mss. have karantā (Senart em. karaṇḍā) pi kriyanti, which might be meant for kalanta(ka), or be another form of the word here concerned.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalandaka (कलन्दक):—m. a squirrel (or a kind of bird ?), [Buddhist literature]

2) a particular vessel used by Śramaṇas, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kalandaka (कलन्दक):—, caturaśra ein best. Geräthe des Śramaṇa [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 208.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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