Karandaka, Karaṇḍaka: 10 definitions
Karandaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Karandaka - A hermitage (assamapada) near the Himalaya. The Bodhisatta, when born as an elephant as related in the Matiposaka Jataka (q.v.), returned to Karandaka after the death of his mother. The hermitage was the residence of five hundred ascetics, and the king, out of regard for the Bodhisatta, looked after them. J.iv.95.
2. Karandaka - See Karakanda.
3. Karandaka - See Karandu.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक) refers to “ribs”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “as a result of his gift to the Munis [Dhana] became a twin in the Uttarakurus, who have the period of pure happiness present, on the north bank of the river Sītā, to the east of the Jambū tree. There people wish to eat at the end of the fourth day, and have two hundred fifty-six ribs [viz., karaṇḍaka]. They are born as twins, are three gavyūtis tall, live for three palyas, bear children toward the end of life, have slight passions, and are free from self-interest”.
Notes regarding Karaṇḍaka:—The commentators disagree in regard to the exact meaning of the word. In Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.I.119, it says Tripṛṣṭha was so named, ‘trikaraṇḍakapṛṣṭhatvāt.’ In Abhidhānacintāmaṇi (Bhav.) 3.359, it says, ‘trayo vaṃśāh pṛṣṭhe ‘sya tripṛṣṭhaḥ,’ so Hem. clearly uses karaṇḍaka as ‘back-bone’ in that case. Here, however, that meaning seems quite impossible. The Praśnavyākaraṇa (15, p. 81a) explains it as ‘pṛṣṭhapārśvāsthikam,’ i.e., ‘rib.’ In another passage (p. 84a) it is defined as ‘pṛṣṭhāstika.’ In the Aupapātikasūtra (10, p. 19a) it is defined as ‘pṛṣṭhavaṃśāsthika,’ which would apparently mean a ‘vertebra,’ and sometimes this interpretation is taken. The Jambūdvīpaprajñapti (21, p. 117b) says, ‘pṛṣṭhakaraṇḍukāni pṛṣṭhavaṃśavarttyunnatāḥ asthikhandāh paṃśulikā ityarthaḥ.’ This might be taken either way, but ‘rib’ seems more probable.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
karaṇḍaka : (m.) casket; a small box or receptacle.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Karaṇḍaka, (fr. last) a box, basket, casket, as dussa° M. I, 215=S. V, 71=A. IV, 230 (in simile); S. III, 131; V, 351 cp. Pug. 34; J I 96; III, 527; V, 473 (here to be changed into koraṇḍaka); DA. I, 222 (vilīva°); SnA 11. (Page 196)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक).—f. A small box made of bamboo, एतां दोषकरण्डिकाम् (etāṃ doṣakaraṇḍikām) Mk.8.36.
Derivable forms: karaṇḍakaḥ (करण्डकः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक).—nt., in cīvara-k° Mahāvyutpatti 9379, would natu-rally be taken as box (for monk's robe), as in normal Sanskrit and Pali.So one Tibetan version (sprog, or dprog). But another Tibetan version is sgrog, cord, and [Tibetan-English Dictionary] cites the [compound] chos gos kyi sgrog ma, strings or bands for fastening a religious robe, giving the Sanskrit as cīvara-karaṇḍaka. Corruption in Tibetan? See Jäschke (Tibetan-English Dictionary)'s Grammar 8: pr = Sanskrit ṭ, gr = Sanskrit ḍ. The Chin. rendering of Mahāvyutpatti gives cord, with the second Tibetan (Note: on Karaṇḍaka-nivāpa see s.v. Kalandaka-n°.)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक).—[karaṇḍa + ka], m. A box [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 89, 15 ([Prakrit]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक):—[from kara] mf(ikā). a basket, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक):—(von karaṇḍa) m. Korb [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 137. 216.] — Vgl. puṣpa, yoga .
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Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक):—, f. karaṇḍikā dass. [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 1, 128.] ratnābharaṇasaṃpūrṇā Körbchen, Kästchen [Kathāsaritsāgara 65, 105.] — Vgl. puṣpakaraṇḍaka, bhramara, matsyakaraṇḍikā .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक):—m. und ṇḍikā f. = karaṇḍa 1). karaṇḍakavat Adv. [Kāraṇḍavyūha 9,5.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+4): Pushpakarandaka, Karandakanivapa, Rakshakarandaka, Bhramarakarandaka, Karakanda, Karandakavat, Ratnakarandaka, Kalandakanivapa, Yogakarandaka, Yogakarandika, Gandhakarandaka, Karandi, Korandaka, Karandika, Dussakarandaka, Jyotitkarandaka, Samugga, Vakshahkara, Simhahanu, Samugga Jataka.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Karandaka, Karaṇḍaka; (plurals include: Karandakas, Karaṇḍakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Second incarnation as a twin < [Chapter I]
Appendix 6.2: new and rare words < [Appendices]
Part 6: The birth-bath of Sambhava < [Chapter I - Sambhavajinacaritra]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)