Kalandakanivapa, aka: Kalandakanivāpa, Kalandaka-nivapa; 4 Definition(s)


Kalandakanivapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Kalandakanivapa in Theravada glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

A woodland in Veluvana. Here food (nivapa) was regularly placed for the squirrels. It is said that once a certain raja went there for a picnic and, having over drunk, fell asleep. His retinue, seeing him sleeping, wandered away, looking for flowers and fruits. A snake, attracted by the smell of liquor, approached the king from a neighbouring tree trunk, and would have bitten him had not a tree sprite, assuming the form of a squirrel, awakened him by her chirping. In gratitude the raja gave orders that thenceforth the squirrels in that locality should be fed regularly. UdA.60; SnA.ii.419. According to some, it was the gift of a merchant named Kalandaka (Beal: Romantic Legend, p.315); Tibetan sources identify the raja with Bimbisara and say that the snake was a reincarnation of the owner whose land the king had confiscated. According to these same sources the name is Kalantaka and is described as the name of a bird (Rockhill: op. cit., p.43).

Kalandakanivapa was evidently a favourite resort of the Buddha and his monks.

See Veluvana.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Kalandakanivapa in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kalandakanivāpa (कलन्दकनिवाप) is the name of a field according to appendix 3 of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXX).—Accordingly, “the Buddha Bhagavat was swelling at Rājagṛha in the Bamboo Park at Kalandakanivāpa. At that time there was a hermitage belonging to a hermit endowed with the five super-knowledges. The latter, walking near the hermitage, urinated on the muddy ground. A thirsty doe happened to come to that place; tormented by thirst, she drank the hermit’s urine and then sniffed at her own vulva. The retribution for the actions of beings is inconceivable! The doe became pregnant and later came to the same place to give birth, giving birth to a male child [later named Mṛgaśiras or ‘deer’s head’]”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Kalandakanivapa in India history glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kalandakanivāpa (कलन्दकनिवाप) is the name of a forest situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Kalandakanivāpa is at Rājagaha. In the Majjhima Nikāya we are told that once the Buddha dwelt in the Kalandakanivāpa at Veluvana in Rājagaha.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Kalandakanivapa in Pali glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

kalandakanivāpa : (m.) a locality where the squirrels are fed.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 34 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kalandaka (कलन्दक) is the name of a field and of the similarly-named owner according to appendi...
Nivāpa (निवाप).—1) Seed, grain, seed-corn.2) An offering to the manes of deceased parents or ot...
Moranivāpa (मोरनिवाप) is the name of a forest situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of anci...
Nivapa Sutta
Nivāpa, (cp. Sk. nivāpa, ni+vap, cp. nivapati) food thrown (for feeding), fodder, bait; gift, ...
Karandakanivāpa (करन्दकनिवाप).—(m.), = Kalandaka-ni°, q.v.: Av i.107.5 (no v.l.); ed. Divy 143....
Āharanivapā (आहरनिवपा).—compounds of the class called; मयूरव्यंसकादि (mayūravyaṃsakādi).Āharani...
Nivāpodaka (निवापोदक).—a libation of water; अत्यल्पमिदमस्माकं निवापोदकभोजनम् (atyalpamidamasmāk...
Nivāpānna (निवापान्न).—sacrificial food. Derivable forms: nivāpānnam (निवापान्नम्).Nivāpānna is...
Nivāpamālya (निवापमाल्य).—funeral wreath.Derivable forms: nivāpamālyam (निवापमाल्यम्).Nivāpamāl...
Nivāpāñjali (निवापाञ्जलि).—two handfuls of water as a libation. Derivable forms: nivāpāñjaliḥ (...
Samaṇa is the brother of the Brāhman named Akkosaka, according to the Akkossasutta of the ...
Karaṇḍaka (करण्डक).—f. A small box made of bamboo, एतां दोषकरण्डिकाम् (etāṃ doṣakaraṇḍikām) Mk....
Sīsa (सीस).—n. (-saṃ) Lead. E. ṣi to bind, kvip aff.; or ṣo to destroy, aff. ka .
Veṇuvana (वेणुवन).—nt. (= Pali Veḷuvana), n. of a grove at Rājagṛha where Buddha often stayed: ...
Veluvana (वेलुवन).—see Veṇu°.

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