Jyaishtha, Jyaiṣṭha: 11 definitions


Jyaishtha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Jyaiṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Jyaistha or Jyaishtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ), corresponding to “May-June”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, jyaiṣṭha-māsi.

The presiding deity of Jyaiṣṭha is Trivikrama.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Jyaishtha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ) or Jyeṣṭha refers to the lunar month corresponding to May-June (when the full moon is in the asterism of Jyeṣṭha), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If there should be both lunar and solar eclipses in one month, princes will suffer both from dissensions among their own army and from wars. [...] If the eclipses should fall in the lunar month of Jyeṣṭha, the Brāhmins, the Queens of the reigning sovereign, crops, rain, large gatherings of men, beautiful persons, the Sālvas and the Niṣādas will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ) (presided over by Agni) is the fourth of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Jyaiṣṭha] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jyaishtha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ).—Name of a lunar month in which the full moon stands in the constellation [jyeṣṭhā] (corresponding to May-June).

-ṣṭhī 1 The full-moon day in the month of ज्यैष्ठ (jyaiṣṭha)

2) A small house-lizard.

Derivable forms: jyaiṣṭhaḥ (ज्यैष्ठः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ).—m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) The month Jyeshtha or Jeyte, (May-June.) f. (-ṣṭhī) 1. The day of full moon in Jeyshta. 2. A house lizard. E. jyaiṣṭhā the mansion or asterism which the moon is in this month, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ).—i. e. jyeṣṭhā + a, m. The name of a month, May

— June, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 245.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ).—[masculine] a cert. month in summer; [feminine] ī the full-moon in this month.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ):—[from jyā] m. Name of a month (May-June, the full moon standing in the constellation Jyeṣṭhā), [Lāṭyāyana x, 5, 18; Manu-smṛti viii, 245; Harivaṃśa 7828; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jyaiṣṭha (ज्यैष्ठ):—(ṣṭhaḥ) 1. m. The month Jaishtha. f. (ṣṭhī) Full moon of Jaishtha; a small house lizard.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jyaishtha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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