Mahajyaishthi, Mahājyaiṣṭhī, Maha-jyaishthi: 5 definitions


Mahajyaishthi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mahājyaiṣṭhī can be transliterated into English as Mahajyaisthi or Mahajyaishthi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Mahajyaishthi in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Mahājyaiṣṭhī (महाज्यैष्ठी) is the name of a festival, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 15.89.—Śrīharṣa refers to the idol of Puruṣottama, “going in the streets, occupying a platform, during the Mahājyaiṣṭhī festival”. The festival in question is described in Brahmapurāṇa (chapter 65)  and Skandapurāṇa (Utkalakhaṇḍa chapter 29, 31, 32), and mentioned in Padmapurāṇa (Kriyāyogasāra 18.35). [...] Jinarāja reads mahājyeṣṭhī for mahājyaiṣṭhī and remarks that the former is the usual form of the word. Nārāyaṇa quotes the definition of the Mahājyaiṣṭhī day from Agnipurāṇa 121.63. There is a reference to the Mahājyaiṣṭhī day in Vidagdhamādhava 2.28 (cf. commentary).

It is stated that on Mahājyaiṣṭhī or the Full Moon day of the month Jyeṣṭha, the idols of Kṛṣṇa, Subhadrā and Balarāma are placed on a gaily decorated platform (mañca), overhung with a canopy; and bathed with perfumed water drawn form a sacred well. The idols are carried overnight to the well “with royal pomp” (“rājavat paricarya”); and the ceremony of bath takes place in the morning to the accompaniment of music and hymns, after which the holy images are led out in procession towards the south. According to Skandapurāṇa, a mantra called samudrajyeṣṭhā is used in connection with the bathing ceremony, while Brahmapurāṇa gives the text of a long hymn in prose beginning with “jaya jaya lokapāla bhaktarakṣaka”.

The whole ceremony is commonly known as jyeṣṭhasnāna, and takes place in Puruṣottamakṣetra (Puri).—Great religious merit is said to accrue to those who witness the ceremony of bath or the southward procession, and it is the latter event which the poet has in his mind.

Note: the festival is nowadays called Snānayātrā, the idols of Jagannātha, Balarāma and Subhadrā being placed on a platform in an open space within the precinct of the famous temple, for the ceremonial bath in the presence of thousands of pilgrims.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

Discover the meaning of mahajyaishthi or mahajyaisthi in the context of Kavya from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahajyaishthi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahājyaiṣṭhī (महाज्यैष्ठी).—the day of fullmoon in the month of Jyeṣṭha; ताभिर्दृश्यत एष यान् पथि महाज्यैष्ठीमहे मन्महे (tābhirdṛśyata eṣa yān pathi mahājyaiṣṭhīmahe manmahe) N.15.89; पूर्णिमा रविवारेण महाज्यैष्ठी प्रकीर्तिता (pūrṇimā ravivāreṇa mahājyaiṣṭhī prakīrtitā) Agni P.121.63.

Mahājyaiṣṭhī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and jyaiṣṭhī (ज्यैष्ठी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahājyaiṣṭhī (महाज्यैष्ठी):—[=mahā-jyaiṣṭhī] [from mahā > mah] f. Name of a night of full moon coinciding with certain phenomena in the heavens in the month Jyaiṣṭha, [Tithyāditya]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahajyaishthi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mahajyaishthi or mahajyaisthi in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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