Jetavana-thupa, Jetavana-thūpa: 1 definition


Jetavana-thupa means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Jetavana-thupa in India history glossary
Source: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Jetavana-thūpa is the name of a building built by Mahāsena (275-301) and forms part of the Jetavanārāma temple complex situated in Anurādhapura.—Jetavana-thūpa was 400 feet high and the largest thūpa at Anurādhapura. Mittasena (428) made a gateway (toraṇa) through the Elephant wall. Dhātusena (455-473) restored and gilded the umbrella, fitted round it a ring of crystal in which was embedded a large gem, and put in fine stucco work. Mahānāga (569-571) built the hatthivedī (railing ornamented with elephant heads) and repaired the ring of crystal, the stucco work and the paintings. Aggabodhi I (571-604) placed a golden, bejewelled umbrella on the thūpa. Moggallāna III (614-619) renovated the thūpa. Further repairs were carried out in the last quarter of the 10th century.Parakkamābahu I (1153-1186) restored the thūpa to a height of 140 cubits (210 feet).

The Jetavanārāma complex (including Jetavana-thūpa ) was founded by Mahāsena (275-301) in the Jotivana Park on territory within the precincts of the Mahāvihāra. The king built it for the Mahāthera of Dakkhiṇa-vihāra. The Jetavanārāma monks were of the Sāgaliya sect which first established itself at Dakkhiṇa-vihāra in the year 253.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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