Syzygium cumini: 2 definitions


Syzygium cumini means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Syzygium cumini in Ayurveda glossary

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Syzygium cumini (in Sanskrit: Jaṃbū) is used in a recipe for producing fragrance (gandha-samutpatti), according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly: “An ordinary mango tree gets the good quality of a high class mango tree and puts forth fragrant blossom attracting the bees if it is smeared with the thick paste of Syzygium cumini [e.g., Jaṃbū], coral, Cyperus hexastachys communis and the roots of Vetiveria zizanioides and then sprinkled with the water from the same paste”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Syzygium cumini in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Latin names; Binomial nomenclature)

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels is the name of a plant defined in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in modern medicine, Ayurveda, and other local traditions or folk medicine. It has the following synonyms: Calyptranthes capitellata Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., nom. nud., Calyptranthes caryophyllifolia Willd., Calyptranthes cumini Moon, Calyptranthes cumini Pers., Calyptranthes cuminodora Stokes, Calyptranthes jambolana (Lam.) Willd., Calyptranthes jambolana Willd., Calyptranthes jambolana Moon, Calyptranthes jambolifera Stokes, Calyptranthes oneillii Lundell, Caryophyllus corticosus Stokes, Caryophyllus jambos Stokes, Eugenia calyptrata Roxb. ex Wight & Arn., Eugenia caryophyllifolia Lam., Eugenia cumini Merr., Eugenia cumini (L.) Druce, Eugenia jambolana Lam., Eugenia jambolana Willd. ex O. Berg, nom. inval., Eugenia jambolana var. caryophyllifolia (Lam.) Duthie, Eugenia jambolana var. obtusifolia Duthie, Eugenia jambolifera Roxb. ex Wight & Arn., Eugenia obovata Poir., Eugenia obtusifolia Roxb., Eugenia tsoi Merr. & Chun, Jambolifera chinensis Spreng., Jambolifera coromandelica Houtt., Jambolifera pedunculata Houtt., Jambolifera pedunculata Gaertn., Myrtus corticosa Spreng., Myrtus cumini L., Myrtus obovata Korth. ex Miq., Myrtus obovata Spreng., Myrtus obovata (Poir.) Spreng., Syzygium caryophyllifolium (Lam.) DC., Syzygium caryophyllifolium (Lam.) K.K. Khanna, Syzygium caryophyllifolium Zipp. ex Miq., nom. inval., Syzygium cumini var. caryophyllifolium (Lam.) K.K. Khanna, Syzygium cumini var. obtusifolium (Roxb.) K.K. Khanna, Syzygium cumini var. tsoi (Merr. & Chun) H.T. Chang & R.H. Miao, Syzygium jambolanum (Lam.) DC., Syzygium jambolanum DC., Syzygium obovatum DC., Syzygium obovatum (Poir.) DC., Syzygium obovatum Korth., Syzygium obovatum Wall., Syzygium obtusifolium (Roxb.) Kostel., Syzygium obtusifolium Kostel., Syzygium obtusifolium (Roxb.) K.K. Khanna.

References regarding Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity:

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Encycl. (Lamarck) (1789)
· Synopseos Plantarum (Persoon) (1806)
· Bot. Mat. Med. (1812)
· Systema Vegetabilium (1825)
· Prodr. (DC.) (1828)
· Numer. List (3552)
· Ned. Kruidk. Arch. (1848)
· Linnaea (1855)
· Flora of the British India (1879)
· U.S. Department of Agriculture Bureau of Plant Industry Bulletin (1912)
· Sunyatsenia (1935)
· Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club (1937)
· Fieldiana, Botany (1963)
· Acta Bot. Yunnan. (1982)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1988)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (1997)
· J. Ethnopharmacology (2000)
· Fl. Bihar, Analysis (2001)
· The India Journal of Experimental Biology (IJEB)
· Diabetes Care (3019)
· Ethnobotany (2004)

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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