Godana, Godāna, Go-dana: 15 definitions


Godana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Godna.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta

Godāna (गोदान) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Godāna (गोदान).—In ancient India it was believed to be a very great deed of moral merit to give cows as gifts. If one buys cows with the hereditary wealth and gives them as gifts one would reach an ever prosperous world and even one who buys cows with the money received by gambling and gives them as gifts would live for several years enjoying prosperity. (Chapter 73, Anuśāsana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Godāna (गोदान) refers to the “gift of cows” (as part of a marriage ceremony), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] When the sacrificial rites in marriage ceremony were thus concluded duly, lord Śiva gave the Pūrṇapātra to me, the creator of the worlds. Śiva then made the gift of cows (godāna) to the presiding priest. Other gifts of auspicious nature were also made. He gave the brahmins a hundred gold pieces each. A crore of gems and other articles were distributed among the people as gifts. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōdāna (गोदान).—n (S) The giving of a cow (to a Brahman). 2 One of the sixteen saṃskāra. Shaving the head twelve years after muñja. See ṣōḍaśasaṃskāra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gōdāna (गोदान).—n The giving of a cow (to a brāhmaṇa).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Godāna (गोदान).—

1) the gift of a cow.

2) the ceremony of tonsure or cutting the hair; रामलक्ष्मणयो राजन् गोदानं कारयस्व ह (rāmalakṣmaṇayo rājan godānaṃ kārayasva ha) Rām.1.71.23; अथास्य गोदानविधेरनन्तरम् (athāsya godānavidheranantaram) R.3. 33; (see Mallinātha's explanation of the word); कृत- गोदानमङ्गलाः (kṛta- godānamaṅgalāḥ) Uttararāmacarita 1; अतोनं गोदानं दारकर्म च (atonaṃ godānaṃ dārakarma ca) Kau. A.1.5; (Rām. explains the word differently).

3) the part of the head close to the right ear.

Derivable forms: godānam (गोदानम्).

Godāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and dāna (दान).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Godāna (गोदान).—n.

(-naṃ) Gift of a cow. E. go, and dāna gift; or keśāntākhye saṃskārabhede also gopradāna gāvaḥ keśalomāni vā dīyante khaṇḍyante atra . ādhāre lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Godāna (गोदान).—1. [neuter] the gift of cows.

--- OR ---

Godāna (गोदान).—2. [neuter] the part of the head close to the ear & a cert. ceremony performed with it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Godāna (गोदान) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Oudh. Xix, 80. Bp. 301.

2) Godāna (गोदान):—[dharma] by Gobhila. Oudh. Xxi, 98. Xxii, 108.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Godāna (गोदान):—[=go-dāna] [from go] 1. go-dāna n. gift of a cow, [Mahābhārata xiii, 3345; Rāmāyaṇa vii; Purāṇa-sarvasva 2.]

2) [=go-dāna] [from go] 2a etc. See sub voce

3) 2b n. (dāna, [from] √do ? ‘place where the hair (go) is cut’ [Raghuvaṃśa iii, 33 [Scholiast or Commentator]]) the side-hair, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

4) = -maṅgala, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Kauśika-sūtra; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Rāmāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Godāna (गोदान):—[go-dāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Gift of a cow.

[Sanskrit to German]

Godana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Goḍanā (गोडना):—(v) to hoe; to dig; to upturn (the soil).

2) Godanā (गोदना) [Also spelled godna]:—(v) to tattoo, to pick; to prick; to puncture; to goad; (nm) a tattoo-mark.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gōdaṇa (ಗೋದಣ):—

1) [noun] a box, trough or a rectangular bin in a cow-pen to hold fodder for cattle to eat; a manger.

2) [noun] a shed for housing cattle; a cow-pen.

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Gōdāna (ಗೋದಾನ):—

1) [noun] a giving of a milch cow as a gift (esp. for religious purpose).

2) [noun] a religious rite performed on a boy, at the age of sixteen, by shaving the front portion of his head in elliptical shape.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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