Godana, aka: Godāna, Go-dana; 6 Definition(s)
Godana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Godāna (गोदान) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Godāna (गोदान).—In ancient India it was believed to be a very great deed of moral merit to give cows as gifts. If one buys cows with the hereditary wealth and gives them as gifts one would reach an ever prosperous world and even one who buys cows with the money received by gambling and gives them as gifts would live for several years enjoying prosperity. (Chapter 73, Anuśāsana Parva).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
gōdāna (गोदान).—n (S) The giving of a cow (to a Brahman). 2 One of the sixteen saṃskāra. Shaving the head twelve years after muñja. See ṣōḍaśasaṃskāra.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gōdāna (गोदान).—n The giving of a cow (to a brāhmaṇa).Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) the gift of a cow.
2) the ceremony of tonsure or cutting the hair; रामलक्ष्मणयो राजन् गोदानं कारयस्व ह (rāmalakṣmaṇayo rājan godānaṃ kārayasva ha) Rām.1.71.23; अथास्य गोदानविधेरनन्तरम् (athāsya godānavidheranantaram) R.3. 33; (see Mallinātha's explanation of the word); कृत- गोदानमङ्गलाः (kṛta- godānamaṅgalāḥ) U.1; अतोनं गोदानं दारकर्म च (atonaṃ godānaṃ dārakarma ca) Kau. A.1.5; (Rām. explains the word differently).
3) the part of the head close to the right ear.
Derivable forms: godānam (गोदानम्).
Godāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and dāna (दान).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-naṃ) Gift of a cow. E. go, and dāna gift; or keśāntākhye saṃskārabhede also gopradāna gāvaḥ keśalomāni vā dīyante khaṇḍyante atra . ādhāre lyuṭ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Full-text: Gopradana, Matangakedara, Aparagodana, Pushpavati, Madhusrava, Devitirtha, Madhuvati, Macakruta, Maninaga, Samskara, Dana, Bhavishyapurana, Mrityagodana, Bhuridyumna, Manojava, Payoshni, Kapila, Prasenajit.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Godana, Godāna, Gōdāna, Go-dana, Go-dāna; (plurals include: Godanas, Godānas, Gōdānas, danas, dānas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Apastamba-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 2.65 < [Section XIV - Hair-clipping (keśānta)]
Verse 2.219 < [Section XXX - Rules to be observed by the Religious Student]
Verse 2.173 < [Section XXIX - Meaning of Term ‘Twice-born’]
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Khadira-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 5 - Association with the Aged < [Book 1 - Concerning Discipline]
Chapter 21 - The Superintendent of Tolls < [Book 2 - The duties of Government Superintendents]
Hiranyakesi-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)