Godana, aka: Godāna, Go-dana; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Godana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Godāna (गोदान) refers to one of the eleven saṃskāras (purificatory rites of fire) forming part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana

Godana in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Godāna (गोदान).—In ancient India it was believed to be a very great deed of moral merit to give cows as gifts. If one buys cows with the hereditary wealth and gives them as gifts one would reach an ever prosperous world and even one who buys cows with the money received by gambling and gives them as gifts would live for several years enjoying prosperity. (Chapter 73, Anuśāsana Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

gōdāna (गोदान).—n (S) The giving of a cow (to a Brahman). 2 One of the sixteen saṃskāra. Shaving the head twelve years after muñja. See ṣōḍaśasaṃskāra.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōdāna (गोदान).—n The giving of a cow (to a brāhmaṇa).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Godāna (गोदान).—

1) the gift of a cow.

2) the ceremony of tonsure or cutting the hair; रामलक्ष्मणयो राजन् गोदानं कारयस्व ह (rāmalakṣmaṇayo rājan godānaṃ kārayasva ha) Rām.1.71.23; अथास्य गोदानविधेरनन्तरम् (athāsya godānavidheranantaram) R.3. 33; (see Mallinātha's explanation of the word); कृत- गोदानमङ्गलाः (kṛta- godānamaṅgalāḥ) U.1; अतोनं गोदानं दारकर्म च (atonaṃ godānaṃ dārakarma ca) Kau. A.1.5; (Rām. explains the word differently).

3) the part of the head close to the right ear.

Derivable forms: godānam (गोदानम्).

Godāna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and dāna (दान).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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