by Hermann Oldenberg | 1892 | 37,649 words

Hiranyakeshin (Hiranyakeshi) was the founder of a ritual and scholastic tradition belonging to the Taittiriya branch of the Black Yajurveda. Alternative titles: Hiraṇyakeśin-gṛhya-sūtra (हिरण्यकेशिन्-गृह्य-सूत्र), Hiranyakeshin, Hiraṇyakeśī (हिरण्यकेशी), Hiranyakeshi, Hiranyakesin, Grhya, Hiraṇyakeśīgṛhyasūtra (हिरण्यकेशीगृह्यसूत्र), Hiranyakesigr...

Praśna II, Paṭala 1, Section 6

1. In the third year (he performs) the Cūḍākarman (i.e. the tonsure of the child's head).

2. In the fortnight (&c., as in the preceding section, Sūtra 2, down to): 'Hail! Good luck!' The boy sits down to the west of the fire, facing the east;

3.[1] To the north (of the fire) his mother or a student (brahmacārin) holds a lump of bull's dung;

4. Therewith he (or she) receives the (cut-off) hair.

5. He then pours cold and warm water together.

6.[2] Having poured warm water into cold water he moistens the hair near the right ear with (the formula), 'May the waters moisten thee for life' (Taitt. Saṃh. I, 2, I, 1).

7.[3] With (the formula), 'Herb, protect him!' (Taitt. Saṃh., loc. cit.) he puts an herb, with its point upwards, into (the hair).

8. With (the formula), 'Axe, do no harm to him!' (Taitt. Saṃh., loc. cit.) he touches (that herb) with the razor.

9. With (the words), 'Heard by the gods, I shave that (hair)' (Taitt. Saṃh., loc. cit.) he shaves him.

10. In the same way (he moistens, &c.) the other (sides of his head) from left to right.

11. Behind with (the Mantra), 'The razor with which Savitṛ, the knowing one, has shaven (the beard) of king Soma and Varuṇa, with that, ye Brāhmaṇas, shave his (head); make that he be united with vigour, with wealth, with glory.'

On the left side with (the Mantra), '(The razor) with which Pūṣan has shaven (the beard) of Bṛhaspati, of Agni, of Indra, for the sake of long life, with that I shave thy (head), N.N.!' Before with (the Mantra), 'That he may long live in joy, and may long see the sun.'

12. After the hair has been shaven, they arrange the locks (which are left over), according to custom or according to what family he belongs.

13.[4] A person who is kindly disposed towards him, gathers the (cut-off) hair and buries it in a cow-stable, or near an Udumbara tree, or in a clump of Darbha grass, with (the Mantra), 'Where Pūṣan, Bṛhaspati, Savitṛ, Soma, Agni (dwell), they have in many ways searched where they should depose it, between heaven and earth, the waters and heaven.'

14.[5] He makes a gift to a Brāhmaṇa according to his liberality.

15. To the barber (he gives) boiled rice with butter.

16. In the same way the Godānakarman (or the ceremony of shaving the beard) is performed in the sixteenth year.

17. He has him shaven including the top-lock.

18. Some declare that he leaves there the top-lock.

19.[6] Or he performs the Godāna sacred to Agni.

20. He gives a cow to his Guru.

End of the First Paṭala.

Footnotes and references:


6, 3, 4. Some consider, according to Mātṛdatta, these two Sūtras as one. He says (p. 149 of Dr. Kirste's edition), uttarata ity etadādi pratigṛhṇātīty etadantaṃ vā sūtraṃ, dhārayaṃs tenāsya keśān pratipaṭhitavyaṃ (read, pratigṛhṇātīti paṭhitavyaṃ).


As to dakṣiṇaṃ godānam unatti, comp. the note on Pāraskara II, 1, 9. Comp. also above, I, 3, 9, 12.


7 seq. See above, I, 3, 9, 13 seq.


Comp. I, 3, 9, 18.


Literally, according to his faith (yathāśraddham).


Agnigodāno vā kumāro bhavati upasamādhānādi punyāhavācanāntam agnikāryam iva vā bhavatīty arthaḥ. Mātṛdatta. Comp., however, the note on Āpastamba-Gṛhya VI, 16, 13.

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