Gandi, Gaṇḍī, Gaṇḍi, Gāṇḍī, Gāndī, Gamdi, Gāṃḍī: 16 definitions


Gandi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Gaṇḍī (गण्डी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Gaṇḍa forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Gaṇḍī] and Vīras are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Gaṇḍī (गण्डी) is the name of a bronze instrument [?], according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “[...] Then, having pronounced these words, Kāśyapa the Great went to the top of Mount Sumeru. He struck the bronze gaṇḍī and recited this stanza: ‘Disciples of the Buddha! Keep well the memory of the Buddha. We must recognize the benefits of the Buddha. Do not enter into nirvāṇa’. The sound of the gaṇḍī and the sound of the words of Kāśyapa the Great spread throughout the entire trichiliomegachiliocosm (trisāhasramahāsahāsralokadhātu) and all heard him. The disciples endowed with miraculous powers (ṛddhibāla) assembled around Kāśyapa the Great who said: [...]”.

Note: In the legend of Aśoka also, Kāśyapa called the assembly together by striking a gaṇḍī which resonated throughout Jambudvīpa and the trichiliocosm.—Other sources, Kia ye king, Tchouan tsi san tsang simply say that Kāśyapa called together the saṃgha.—In the P’ou sa tch’ou t’ai king Kāśyapa sent his five hundred Arhats to all the universes of the ten directions to announce the council. They brought back with them, in Sahāloka, 804,000 individuals.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Gandi in India is the name of a plant defined with Chloris barbata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Miscanthus polydactylos (L.) Voss (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Synopsis Plantarum Glumacearum (1854)
· Grasses of Burma (1960)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Nova Genera et Species Plantarum seu Prodromus (1788)
· Enumeratio Plantarum Zeylaniae (1864)
· Voy. Jamaica (1707)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Gandi, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

gaṇḍī : (f.) a gong; the executioner's block. (adj.), having boils.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍī, (f.) (=gaṇḍikā in meaning 1; prob.=Sk. ghaṇṭā in meaning 2)—1. a shaft or stalk, used as a bar J.I, 237.—2. a gong DhA.I, 291 (gaṇḍiṃ paharati to beat the g.); II, 54, 244; gaṇḍiṃ ākoṭetvā KhA 251. Cp. AvS.I, 258, 264, 272; II, 87, 95 & Divy 335, 336. Also in gaṇḍisaññā “sign with the gong” J.IV, 306.—3. the executioner’s block (=gaṇḍikā or gaṇṭhikā) J.III, 41. (Page 241)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṇḍī (गंडी).—f Commonly giṇḍī. A metal water-vessel.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇḍi (गण्डि).—

1) The trunk of a tree from the root to the beginning of the branches.

2) Goitre.

Derivable forms: gaṇḍiḥ (गण्डिः).

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Gāṇḍī (गाण्डी).—A rhinoceros.

-gāṇḍīmaya a. made of गाण्डी (gāṇḍī), as the bow of Arjuna; एष गाण्डीमयश्चापो लोकसंहारसंभृतः (eṣa gāṇḍīmayaścāpo lokasaṃhārasaṃbhṛtaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 5.98.19.

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Gāndī (गान्दी).—The mother of Akṛūra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gaṇḍi (गण्डि).—only Divyāvadāna 335.13 °ḍir, n. sg., usually gaṇḍī, q.v., gong.

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Gaṇḍī (गण्डी).—(= Pali id.; compare gaṇḍi, °ḍikā), gong; very often with a form of ākoṭayati, q.v.: Mahāvyutpatti 9155; gaṇḍy ākoṭitā Divyāvadāna 336.11; 337.9 (compare gaṇḍir āk° 335.13); Avadāna-śataka i.258.9; 272.1, etc.; in ii.87.2 read with ms. gaṇḍī-m- ākoṭyatām, compare Kāraṇḍavvūha 36.17 na ca tvayā dharma-gaṇḍī-m- ākoṭyamānā śrutā (fig., the gong of the dharma); especially as a sign of meal-time, gaṇḍī-kāle Avadāna-śataka i.264.8; gaṇḍī-deśanā- kāle Avadāna-śataka ii.95.1, app. at the time of the manifestation of the gong, i.e. at dinner-time, see Speyer's note; in Avadāna-śataka i.258.1 and ii.10.8 is printed instead of this gaṇḍī-deśa-kāle, but Speyer on ii.95.1 would emend deśa to deśanā, probably rightly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍi (गण्डि).—m.

(-ṇḍiḥ) 1. Goitre or Bronchocele. 2. The trunk of a tree. E. gaṇḍi to affect the cheek, &c. Unadi affix in.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇḍi (गण्डि):—[from gaṇḍ] m. the trunk of a tree from the root to the beginning of the branches, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] goitre or bronchocele, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] f. a fox, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

4) Gāṇḍī (गाण्डी):—[from gāṇḍiva] f. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 110]) ‘a rhinoceros’ or = ‘vajra-granthi’ [Mahābhārata v, 3540 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) Gāndī (गान्दी):—[from gāndinī] f. = dinī q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇḍi (गण्डि):—(ṇḍiḥ) 1. m. Goitre or bronchocele; trunk of a tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gaṇḍi (गण्डि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gaṃḍi, Gaṃḍī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gandi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Gaṃḍi (गंडि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇḍi.

2) Gaṃḍi (गंडि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇḍin.

3) Gaṃḍī (गंडी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇḍī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gaṃḍi (ಗಂಡಿ):—

1) [noun] a narrow, hollow or hollowed out place; a breaking or being broken; a narrow, but long gap; a hole; a breach; an orifice.

2) [noun] a hollow place in a hillside, extending back horizontally; a cave.

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Gaṃḍi (ಗಂಡಿ):—[noun] the lower, strong portion of the main stem of a tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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