Gandiva, Gāṇḍīva, Gāṇḍiva: 12 definitions


Gandiva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव).—The famous bow of Arjuna. Make. It was Brahmā who made the bow. 'This terrible bow which can punish the unjust and the wicked has been made by Brahmā'. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 98, Verse 21). (See full article at Story of Gāṇḍīva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव).—The arrow of Arjuna;1 the bow of Arjuna lost its power after Kṛṣṇa's departure to heaven.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 7. 16: 9. 15; X. 58. 13.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 38. 21, 23 and 45.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव) refers to the name of a Weapon mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.170.40, IV.5.17, IV.20.1, V.53.12). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Gāṇḍīva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव).—The famous bow of Arjuna gifted to him by Varuṇa before the burning of the Khāṇḍava forest. (Ādi Parva in Mahābhārata)

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव): Arjuna's most potent bow.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gāṇḍīva (गांडीव).—m (S) The famous bow of arjuna. 2 A bow gen.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gāṇḍīva (गांडीव).—m The famous bow of arjūna. A bow.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gāṇḍiva (गाण्डिव) or Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव).—[gāṇḍirastyasya saṃjñāyām va P.V.2.11]

1) The bow of Arjuna, presented by Soma to Varuṇa, by Varuṇa to Agni, and by Agni to Arjuna, when the latter assisted him in consuming the खाण्डववनः (khāṇḍavavanaḥ); गाण्डीवं स्रंसते हस्तात् (gāṇḍīvaṃ sraṃsate hastāt) Bg.1.29.

2) A bow in general.

Derivable forms: gāṇḍivaḥ (गाण्डिवः), gāṇḍivam (गाण्डिवम्), gāṇḍīvaḥ (गाण्डीवः), gāṇḍīvam (गाण्डीवम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāṇḍiva (गाण्डिव).—mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) 1. The bow of Arjuna. 2. Any bow; also gāṇḍīva.

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Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव).—mn.

(-vaḥ-vaṃ) 1. The bow of Arjuna. 2. Any bow. E. gāṇḍī what affects the cheek, from gaṇḍa with affix, then va added, and i final lengthened; or continuing short, gāṇḍiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāṇḍiva (गाण्डिव).—or gāṇḍīva gāṇḍ- īva (cf. the next), m. and n. The bow of Arjuna, Mahābhārata 3, 228; 1, 8177.

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Gāṇḍīva (गाण्डीव).—see gāṇḍiva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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