Gandusa, Gamdusa, Gamdusha, Gaṇḍūsa, Gaṇḍusa, Gaṇḍūṣa, Gaṇḍūṣā, Gandusha: 19 definitions
Gandusa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Gaṇḍūṣa and Gaṇḍūṣā can be transliterated into English as Gandusa or Gandusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष).—A son of Śūra and a brother of Vasudeva; Issueless adopted Cārūdeṣṇa and Sāmbha, sons of Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 150 and 191: Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 148, 188. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 30.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष) refers to a “gargle”, and is mentioned in verse 2.6 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “one shall then turn to a sternutatory, a gargle [gaṇḍūṣa], an inhalant, and betel; betel (is) unwholesome [apathyaṃ 7 b] for those affected with pulmonary rupture, hemorrhage, and eyes irritated by roughness”.
Note: Gaṇḍūṣa (“gargle”) has been paraphrased by mkhur-bkaṅ-dor, meaning roughly “that which one spits out [dor, from ’dor-ba after having filled [bkaṅ, from ’geṅs-pa] one’s cheeks”; mkhur(-ba), of which ’khur in NP is a rare alternative spelling (v. Lokesh Chandra, Diet. II p. 305, s. v. mkhur-thsos), corresponds to Sanskrit gaṇḍa.
Gaṇḍūṣa (“gargle”) is also mentioned in verse 4.18.—Accordingly, “[...] Erysipelas, urticaria, leprosy itching of the eyes, jaundice, and fever as well as cough, dyspnea, palpitation of the heart, freckles of the face, and swellings of the skin (result) from (suppressed) vomiting. A gargle [viz., gaṇḍūṣa], an inhalant, a fast, after one has eaten pungent (food)—its ejection, gymnastics, a bloodletting, and a purgative (are) commended in this case”.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष):—Filling the mouth to its full capacity with liquid(medicinal decoctions / luke warm water / medicinal oils) without allowing its movement.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष) is the name of a plant mentioned in connection with a Tantric ceremony, according to the Vajraḍākatantra chapter 38.—Five techniques to please Dūtīs as well as the Yogin himself and to enlarge a Yogin’s gentials are introduced. Various kinds of woods and plants in addition to honey and butter are utilized for this purpose. [...] If a Yogin crushes gaṇḍūṣa and lakṣaṇa (according to the commentary they are names of plants), cooks them with sesame oil and rubs it on his foot, he will be praised by Dūtīs.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
gaṇḍūsa : (m.) a mouthful.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Gaṇḍusa, (cp. Sk. gaṇḍūṣa) a mouthful J.I, 249 (khīra°). (Page 241)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gaṇḍūṣa (गंडूष).—m (S) A mouthful of water taken to gargle or rinse. v ghē. 2 Such gargling or rinsing. v kara.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष) or Gaṇḍūṣā (गण्डूषा).—
1) A mouthful, handful (of water); गजाय गण्डूषजलं करेणुः (gajāya gaṇḍūṣajalaṃ kareṇuḥ) (dadau) Kumārasambhava 3.37; Uttararāmacarita 3.16; Māl. 9.34; गण्डूषजलमात्रेण शफरी फर्फरायते (gaṇḍūṣajalamātreṇa śapharī pharpharāyate) Udb.
2) The tip of an elephant's trunk; Mātaṅga L.
3) A mouthful, handful in general.
4) A kind of liquor (madya); पलाण्डु- गण्डूषयुतान् खादन्ती चैडकान्बहून (palāṇḍu- gaṇḍūṣayutān khādantī caiḍakānbahūna) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.44.28.
-gaṇḍūṣīkṛ To swallow in one draught; तस्य जह्नुः सुतो गङ्गां गण्डूषीकृत्य योऽपिबत् (tasya jahnuḥ suto gaṅgāṃ gaṇḍūṣīkṛtya yo'pibat) Bhāgavata 9.15.3.
Derivable forms: gaṇḍūṣaḥ (गण्डूषः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष) or Gaṇḍūśika or Gaṇḍūmika.—see kaṇḍūsika.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṣaḥ-ṣā) 1. A mouthful. 2. A handful. 3. A handful of water, &c. held in the hollowed palm of the hand for rincing the mouth, &c. 4. Filling the mouth, rincing it, &c. 5. The tip of an elephant’s trunk. E. gaḍ to drop, ūṣaṇ Unadi affix and num inserted.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष).— (akin to gaṇḍa), m. and f. ṣā. 1. A mouthful, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष).—[masculine] [neuter] a mouthful of water or any other liquid (for rinsing the mouth or drinking); draught, gulp. —peya [adjective] to be drunk by gulps, to be devoured ([figuratively]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष):—mfn. rarely n. (f., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a mouthful of water, water etc. held in the hollowed palm of the hand for rinsing the mouth, draught, nip, [Mahābhārata viii, 2051; Suśruta; Kumāra-sambhava iii, 37; Skanda-purāṇa] etc.
2) filling or rinsing the mouth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) m. the tip of an elephant’s trunk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) Name of a son of Śūra and brother of Vasu-deva, [Harivaṃśa 1927 and 1939; Viṣṇu-purāṇa iv, 14, 10.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष):—[(ṣaḥ-ṣā)] 1. m. f. A mouthful; a handful; a handful of water; rincing the mouth; tip of the elephant’s trunk.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Gaṇḍūṣa (गण्डूष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gaṃḍūsa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Gaṃḍūsa (गंडूस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇḍūṣa.
2) Gaṃḍūsa (गंडूस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Gaṇḍūṣa.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the act of rinsing the mouth.
2) [noun] a mouthful of water used for rinsing.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+2): Carudeshna, Kandusika, Sucaru, Gandushika, Gandumika, Gandushapatra, Gamta, Gandushikri, Gandushaya, Calu, Gandola, Tashta, Gokarna, Lakshana, Ropana, Pancala, Snigdha, Shodhana, Samba, Bhagin.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Gandusa, Gamdusa, Gaṃḍūsa, Gaṃḍūṣa, Gamdusha, Gaṇḍūsa, Gaṇḍusa, Gaṇḍūṣa, Gaṇḍūṣā, Gandusha; (plurals include: Gandusas, Gamdusas, Gaṃḍūsas, Gaṃḍūṣas, Gamdushas, Gaṇḍūsas, Gaṇḍusas, Gaṇḍūṣas, Gaṇḍūṣās, Gandushas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Atharvaveda and Charaka Samhita (by Laxmi Maji)
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