Esana, Esanā, Eshana, Eṣaṇa: 17 definitions


Esana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Eṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Esana or Eshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The sinuses and cavities with foreign bodies are probed (esana) for establishing their size, site, number, shape, position, situation, etc. (described in the Sushruta Samhita)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Eṣaṇā (एषणा) or Eṣaṇāsamiti refers to “(the care) to eat only pure food”, and represents one of the five Samiti (“five kinds of carefulness”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] the gift of supporting dharma (dharmopagrahadāna) is five-fold: purity of giver, receiver, gift, time, and thought. [... ] That gift would have purity of receiver, whose receiver is such a man [who] observes the five kinds of carefulness (samiti) [viz., eṣaṇā-samiti], [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Esana is an Assamese term referring to “the North-Eastern cardinal direction”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

esanā : (f.) seeking; longing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Esanā, (f.) (fr. esati) desire, longing, wish D.III, 216, 270; M.I, 79; S.V, 54, 139; A.I, 93; II, 41; V, 31; VvA.83; PvA.98, 163, 265. See also anesanā, isi & pariy°. (Page 162)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eṣaṇa (एषण).—a. Seeking.

-ṇaḥ An iron-arrow.

-ṇam 1 Seeking.

2) Wish, desire.

3) Driving, pressing.

4) Probing.

-ṇā 1 Seeking; wish, desire; अपहतसकलै- षणामलात्मन्यविरतमेधितभावनोपहूतः (apahatasakalai- ṣaṇāmalātmanyaviratamedhitabhāvanopahūtaḥ) Bhāgavata 4.31.2.

2) Begging, request. °समितिः (samitiḥ) Correct behaviour when eating food, one of the पञ्चसमिति (pañcasamiti)s or five rules of careful Conduct (Jainism).

-ṇī 1 A goldsmith's balance.

2) A probe (of iron or steel).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣaṇa (एषण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) An iron arrow. f. (-ṇī) 1. A goldsmith’s balance, assay scales. 2. An iron or steel probe. E. eṣ to go, lyuṭ and ṅīṣ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣaṇa (एषण).—i. e. iṣ + ana, I. n. 1. Wish, desire, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 7, 9, 39. 2. Searching Mahābhārata 1, 8399. Ii. f. ṇā, Desire, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 281.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣaṇa (एषण).—[adjective] seeking, wishing; [neuter] & eṣaṇā [feminine] the same as subst.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Eṣaṇa (एषण):—[from eṣ] 1. eṣaṇa f(ā)n. impulse, ardent desire, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [from eṣa] 2. eṣaṇa mfn. seeking for, wishing, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

3) [v.s. ...] m. an iron arrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Eṣaṇā (एषणा):—[from eṣaṇa > eṣa] f. seeking with, desire, begging, solicitation, request, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Pāṇini; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) right behaviour when begging food, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha 39, 9]

6) Eṣaṇa (एषण):—[from eṣa] n. the act of seeking, begging, solicitation, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] medical examination, probing, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eṣaṇa (एषण):—(ṇaḥ) m. An iron arrow. ṇī f. A goldsmith’s balance, an iron or steel probe.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Eṣaṇa (एषण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Esaṇa, Esaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Esana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Eśana (एशन):—[=ए॰िशन] (nm) an edition.

2) Eṣaṇā (एषणा):—(nf) wish, strong desire.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Esaṇa (एसण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Eṣaṇa.

2) Esaṇā (एसणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Eṣaṇā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ēṣaṇa (ಏಷಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of searching; a looking for.

2) [noun] a desire.

3) [noun] a sharp shaft for shooting from a bow; an arrow.

4) [noun] a begging for; an asking or pleading for charity, kindness or favour.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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