Eschatology: 1 definition



Eschatology means something in the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Eschatology refers to one of the various systems of philosophy that once existed in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—The information supplied by the Nīlamata about life after death is very meagre. The belief in transmigration is present. Reference is made to the state of happiness and the state of misery in future life as reward and punishment of some actions. Heaven as the reward of various good actions is mentioned many a time and there is also reference to the dreadful sufferings obtainable in the hells. It deserves to be noted that unlike most of the Purāṇas which give lengthy lists of hells, the Nīlamata refers to twenty one Narakas only and agrees in this respect with Manusmṛti. Besides the heaven called Svarloka, Svargaloka, Diva, Tridiva and Devaloka, there is mention of other worlds of Viṣṇu, Brahma, Rudra, Varuṇa, Śakra, Kumāra, Vahni, Nāga and Candra. This belief in the worlds of personal gods is as old as the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa which states that the performer of some particular sacrifices goes to the world of the god in question and is united with him. The conception of salvation is also referred to in a few verses though there is no detailed information about its nature.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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